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Swaziland: Free Primary Education Declared Inviolable Constitutional Right

(Apr. 8, 2009) It was reported on March 25, 2009, that the Swaziland High Court upheld a suit brought by a labor support group, Swaziland National Ex-Miners Workers Union (SNEWA), in response to King Mswati III's February 2009 parliamentary address in which he stated that free education was not a feasible undertaking. The suit was […]

United States: Oregon Supreme Court Interprets State Constitution’s Requirement for Adequate Funding of Public Education

(Feb. 24, 2009) The Oregon Supreme Court recently ruled that the Oregon Constitution mandates funding of public education sufficient to meet quality goals, but does not give the court authority to enforce this mandate. Several school districts and public school students sought a declaratory judgment that article VII, section 8, of the Oregon Constitution, passed […]

Russia: New Rules for University Admission

(Dec. 19, 2008) On December 3, 2008, the Russian Minister of Science and Education signed a government order on new university admission procedures, which will be applicable as of summer 2009. The order repeals the existing system of high school graduation and university admission tests and introduces new federal educational standards. According to the order, […]

Netherlands: Iranian Students Challenge Study Ban

(Sept. 5, 2008) Since July 2008, the government of the Netherlands has forbidden Iranians from taking courses related to nuclear technology in Dutch schools. Under the policy, even Dutch citizens of Iranian descent who do not hold Iranian passports are not permitted to participate in nine different degree programs. A group of Iranian students and […]

Israel: Preferential Treatment for Veterans in Dorms

(July 2, 2008) On June 17, 2008, the Knesset (Parliament) passed an amendment to the Absorption of Veterans Law, 5754-1994. The amendment authorizes academic institutions, including universities, to give preference, when evaluating eligibility for residence in dorms and other economic benefits, to students who served in the army. The amendment was designed to “reflect the […]

India: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutional Validity of OBC Reservation

(May 2, 2008) In a unanimous 500-page judgment delivered on April 10, 2008, the Supreme Court of India upheld the validity of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006, which provides for a 27 percent quota reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) in higher educational institutions like the various Indian Institutes of Management […]

China: Law on Disabled to Be Amended

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 26, 2008, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress instituted discussion of draft amendments to the Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons, which entered in force on May 15, 1991. The proposed changes include: establishing and improving a system of rehabilitation services for the disabled; setting up educational […]

Israel: Prohibiting Commercial Activities in Schools

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 25, 2007, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Prohibition on Commercial Activities in Schools Law, 5768-2007. The Law prohibits any principal of an educational institution from allowing certain activities by business owners or advertisers on the institution's premises. Such activities include entry for the purpose of advertising and sale during […]

Kenya: Raising of the Bar

(Feb. 2, 2008) On January 16, 2008, the Nairobi newspaper BUSINESS DAILY reported that Kenya's High Court had issued a judgment refusing 15 law students with degrees from foreign universities the opportunity to retake exams at the Kenya School of Law – the only recognized Kenyan institution to offer the final exams that must be […]

United States: Lawsuit Challenging No Child Left Behind Act Allowed to Proceed

(Jan. 2, 2008) On January 7, the United States Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a decision by a federal district court dismissing a lawsuit brought by a variety of school districts and education associations against the U.S. Secretary of Education. The lawsuit challenged the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), federal legislation […]