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Italy: Urgent Measures Concerning Education, Higher Education, and Research

(Nov. 29, 2013) Italy adopted a Decree-Law in September 2013 containing emergency measures designed to bolster classroom instruction, higher education, and research activities throughout the country. (Decreto-Legge 12 settembre 2013, n. 104 [Decree-Law No. 104, September 12, 2013] (effective the same day),NORMATTIVA, as amended and updated by Legge 8 novembre 2013, n. 128 [Law No. […]

Mexico: Educational Reform

(Sept. 30, 2013) President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico promulgated a decree on September 11, 2013, that extensively amends the General Law on Education. He also promulgated other secondary laws on education at the same time. These legislative enactments constitute a major reform of the country’s public education system. (Francisco Reséndiz, EPN Promulga Leyes en […]

United Kingdom: New Restrictions Halt School-Time Vacations

(Sept. 23, 2013) Amendments to the Education (Pupil Registration) (England) Regulations 2006 came into force on September 1, 2013, coinciding almost perfectly with the start of a new term for school children across England. These amendments place restrictions on absences that head teachers may grant to children when school is in session (in the UK, […]

Brazil: Mandatory Pre-School Enrollment for Four-Year-Old Children

(Apr. 18, 2013) A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil’s national education program (Lei de Diretrizes a Bases da Educação Nacional,Lei No. 9.934, de 20 de Dezembro de 1996, PLANATO.GOV.BR). […]

Japan: Corporal Punishment in Schools

(Apr. 12, 2013) <?Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) issued a new circular on March 13, 2013, that prohibits physical punishment of students at schools and provides examples of what constitutes prohibited corporal punishment. (Taibatsu no kinshi oyobi jido_ seito rikai ni motoduku shido_ no tettei ni tsuite [Regarding a Thorough […]

Indonesia: Constitutional Court Rules Against International-Standard Schools

(Jan. 11, 2013) On January 8, 2013, <?Indonesia's Constitutional Court determined that existing international standard pilot-project schools (known as RSBIs) and international-standard schools (SBIs) are unconstitutional, because they provide unequal access to educational opportunities. According to Chief Justice Mohammad Mahfud, article 50 (3) of the National Educational System Law, the provision that governs these schools, […]

Sweden: Migration Board Proposes Plan to Attract Foreign Students

(Dec. 3, 2012) The Swedish Migration Board has issued a report recommending a new visa plan designed to attract foreign students to universities in the country. It would give students from outside the European Union the possibility of finding work and acquiring a residency permit in <?Sweden once they graduate. Since the imposition of tuition […]

Brazil: New Quota Law Reserves 50% of the Places at Federal Universities for Public School Students

(Sept. 7, 2012) On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended a public school for the whole of their high school years (ensino médio) (art. 1). For federal […]

Turkey: Controversial Education Reform Legislation Passed

(Apr. 17, 2012) The Grand National Assembly (GNA, Turkey's parliament) passed an education reform bill on March 30, 2012, extending the length of compulsory education from eight years to twelve. Primary education covers children from six to fourteen years of age (in two tiers); four-year secondary education will now also be mandatory. (Education Reform Bill […]