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United Kingdom: New Restrictions Halt School-Time Vacations

(Sept. 23, 2013) Amendments to the Education (Pupil Registration) (England) Regulations 2006 came into force on September 1, 2013, coinciding almost perfectly with the start of a new term for school children across England. These amendments place restrictions on absences that head teachers may grant to children when school is in session (in the UK, […]

Brazil: Mandatory Pre-School Enrollment for Four-Year-Old Children

(Apr. 18, 2013) A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil’s national education program (Lei de Diretrizes a Bases da Educação Nacional,Lei No. 9.934, de 20 de Dezembro de 1996, PLANATO.GOV.BR). […]

Japan: Corporal Punishment in Schools

(Apr. 12, 2013) <?Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) issued a new circular on March 13, 2013, that prohibits physical punishment of students at schools and provides examples of what constitutes prohibited corporal punishment. (Taibatsu no kinshi oyobi jido_ seito rikai ni motoduku shido_ no tettei ni tsuite [Regarding a Thorough […]

Indonesia: Constitutional Court Rules Against International-Standard Schools

(Jan. 11, 2013) On January 8, 2013, <?Indonesia's Constitutional Court determined that existing international standard pilot-project schools (known as RSBIs) and international-standard schools (SBIs) are unconstitutional, because they provide unequal access to educational opportunities. According to Chief Justice Mohammad Mahfud, article 50 (3) of the National Educational System Law, the provision that governs these schools, […]

Brazil: New Quota Law Reserves 50% of the Places at Federal Universities for Public School Students

(Sept. 7, 2012) On August 29, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef signed Law No. 12,711 (Lei No. 12.711, de 29 de Agosto de 2012, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which reserves 50% of the places at federal universities for students who attended a public school for the whole of their high school years (ensino médio) (art. 1). For federal […]

Turkey: Controversial Education Reform Legislation Passed

(Apr. 17, 2012) The Grand National Assembly (GNA, Turkey's parliament) passed an education reform bill on March 30, 2012, extending the length of compulsory education from eight years to twelve. Primary education covers children from six to fourteen years of age (in two tiers); four-year secondary education will now also be mandatory. (Education Reform Bill […]

Brazil: New Law Creates National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment

(Nov. 18, 2011) On October 26, 2011, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef enacted Law No. 12,513 (Lei No. 12.513 de 26 de Outubro de 2011, PLANALTO.GOV.BR), which creates a national program for access to technical education and employment (Programa Nacional de Acesso ao Ensino Técnico e ao Emprego – Pronatec). The program was designed to enable […]

Chile: Congress Approves Draft Legislation to Combat Bullying in Schools

(Sept. 21, 2011) On September 7, 2011, Chile's Congress approved draft legislation (Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (BCN) site (Sept. 7, 2011)) that would amend the General Law on Education (GLE) (Ley 20370, amended by Decreto con Fuerza de Ley No. 2, July 2, 2010, BCN) to establish clear definitions, procedures, and penalties for […]

Israel: Digitization of School Books

(Sept. 20, 2011) In September 2011, Israel's Ministry of Education issued a public announcement on digital textbooks. The announcement indicated that the Ministry was implementing a national program titled “Adjusting the Education System to the 21st Century.” Within the framework of this program, the Ministry announced the beginning of a process designed to replace all […]