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Australia: High Court Strikes Down Government Funding of School Chaplains

(June 23, 2014) On June 19, 2014, the High Court of Australia (the highest court in Australia) ruled unanimously that the federal government’s funding of the national school chaplaincy program was invalid under the Australian Constitution. (Williams v Commonwealth of Australia [2014] HCA 23 [Williams (No.2)]; Case S154/2013: Williams v. Commonwealth of Australia & Ors, […]

Brazil: National Education Plan Approved

(June 9, 2014) On June 3, 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies voted on and approved a National Education Plan, which will gradually increase the amount of resources invested in education until it reaches 10% of the country’s Gross National Product. (Luciano Nascimento, Câmara Conclui Votação do PNE e Texto Segue à Sanção Presidencial, AGÊNCIA […]

United States: Florida Act on Education Data Privacy

(May 29, 2014) On May 12, 2014, Florida Governor Rick Scott approved “An Act Relating to Education Data Privacy,” which prohibits public schools from collecting, obtaining, or retaining information on the political affiliation, voting history, religious affiliation, or biometric information of a student or a parent or sibling of a student. (Ch. 2014-41, LAWS OF […]

Israel: New Law on National Civilian Service Obligations for Yeshiva Students

(Apr. 2, 2014) On March 12, 2014, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed new legislation regulating national civilian service obligations for yeshiva (Jewish ultra-orthodox religious school) students and establishing the Agency for National Civilian Service (hereinafter the Agency) to implement the legal requirements associated with the service operations. (National Civilian Service Law, 5774-2014 [in Hebrew] [hereinafter […]

Indonesia; Netherlands: Defense Cooperation Agreement Signed

(Feb. 7, 2014) On February 4, 2014, Indonesia and the Netherlands signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cooperation in defense matters. The agreement was signed in Den Haag, the Netherlands, by Indonesian Defense Minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro and Dutch Defense Minister Jeanine Hennis Plasschaert. (RI-Netherlands Cooperation in Defense Affairs, THE JAKARTA POST (Feb. 6, 2014).) […]

Israel: State Will Stop Funding for Yeshiva Students Who Are Not Being Drafted

(Feb. 6, 2014) On February 4, 2014, Israel’s High Court of Justice, in an extended bench decision of eight to one, issued an interim injunction prohibiting the state from transferring financial stipends to haredi (Jewish ultra-orthodox) yeshiva students born between 1994 and mid-1996. Yeshivas are institutions of Jewish religious studies. The state will accordingly stop […]

Italy: Urgent Measures Concerning Education, Higher Education, and Research

(Nov. 29, 2013) Italy adopted a Decree-Law in September 2013 containing emergency measures designed to bolster classroom instruction, higher education, and research activities throughout the country. (Decreto-Legge 12 settembre 2013, n. 104 [Decree-Law No. 104, September 12, 2013] (effective the same day),NORMATTIVA, as amended and updated by Legge 8 novembre 2013, n. 128 [Law No. […]

Mexico: Educational Reform

(Sept. 30, 2013) President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico promulgated a decree on September 11, 2013, that extensively amends the General Law on Education. He also promulgated other secondary laws on education at the same time. These legislative enactments constitute a major reform of the country’s public education system. (Francisco Reséndiz, EPN Promulga Leyes en […]

United Kingdom: New Restrictions Halt School-Time Vacations

(Sept. 23, 2013) Amendments to the Education (Pupil Registration) (England) Regulations 2006 came into force on September 1, 2013, coinciding almost perfectly with the start of a new term for school children across England. These amendments place restrictions on absences that head teachers may grant to children when school is in session (in the UK, […]

Brazil: Mandatory Pre-School Enrollment for Four-Year-Old Children

(Apr. 18, 2013) A federal law approved on April 4, 2013 (Lei No. 12.796, de 4 de Abril de 2013, PLANALTO.GOV.BR) amends Law No. 9,394 of December 20, 1996, which establishes the guidelines for Brazil’s national education program (Lei de Diretrizes a Bases da Educação Nacional,Lei No. 9.934, de 20 de Dezembro de 1996, PLANATO.GOV.BR). […]