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Burundi: School Pregnancy Ban Reversed

(Aug. 30, 2018) On July 27, 2018, Burundi’s education ministry reversed a month-old school pregnancy ban, which had prevented pregnant teens and young mothers, as well as the boys who made them pregnant, from being part of the formal education system. (Nita Bhalla, Burundi Reversing School Pregnancy Ban Not Enough to Protect Girls: Campaigners, REUTERS […]

Brazil: National Policy on Reading and Writing Enacted

(July 25, 2018) The first National Policy on Reading and Writing (Política Nacional de Leitura e Escrita) was established in Brazil on July 12, 2018, through the enactment of Law No. 13,696. (Lei No. 13.696, de 12 de Julho de 2018, Presidency of the Republic website.) The policy was instituted as a permanent strategy to […]

Mexico: Foreign Service Law Reformed

(Mar. 28, 2018) In a plenary session on March 22, 2018, all 337 members of the Lower House of the Mexican Congress (Cámara de Diputados) voted to approve various reforms to the Mexican Foreign Service Law, which seeks to improve the working conditions of state workers abroad.  (Horacio Jiménez & Alejandra Canchola, Cámara de diputados […]

Germany: Islamic Umbrella Organizations Ruled Ineligible to Teach Religious Classes in Public Schools in North Rhine-Westphalia

(Feb. 27, 2018) In a decision published on January 10, 2018, the Higher Administrative Court of North Rhine-Westphalia (OVG NRW), the highest state court in administrative law matters, held that the petitioners, two Islamic religious umbrella organizations, were not entitled to introduce Islamic religious classes in public schools as a permanent part of the school […]

France: Government Announces National Plan to Prevent Radicalization

(Feb. 26, 2018) In a speech given on February 23, 2018, the French Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, announced a national plan against Islamic radicalization. (Edouard Philippe, Prime Minister of France, Address before the Interministerial Committee for the Prevention of Delinquency and Radicalization (CIPDR): Présentation du Plan national de prévention de la radicalisation [Presentation of the […]

Sweden: School Inspectorate Says School Uniforms Are Human Rights Violation

(Feb. 1, 2018) On December 4, 2017, the Swedish Schools Inspectorate declared school uniforms a violation of students’ human rights. (Skolinspektionen [Swedish Schools Inspectorate], Dnr 401-2017:7883, Dec. 4, 2017.) The Swedish School Inspectorate had decided to inspect the Nordic International School, an independent school in the city of Norrköping. Four thousand of Sweden’s 16,000 schools […]

Germany: University Admission Rules for Medical Studies Partially Unconstitutional

(Jan. 16, 2018) On December 19, 2017, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the federal framework and state implementing provisions regulating university admissions for medical studies at Germany’s public universities are partially incompatible with the German Basic Law, the country’s Constitution. The Court stated that the provisions infringe the applicants’ constitutional right […]

Japan: Supreme Court Dismisses Appeal Concerning Noises from Daycare

(Jan. 8, 2018) On December 19, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by a man who had complained about noises from a daycare center for preschool-age children. (Gen Okamoto, “Noisy” Voices of Children Playing at Daycare, Loss of Lawsuit by Man Affirmed, ASAHI SHIMBUN (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese) (it appears that the decision […]

Belarus: Decree Introduces Common-Law Principles and Tax Exempts Mining of Cryptocurrencies

(Jan. 3, 2018) On December 21, 2017, the President of Belarus signed the Decree on Developing the Digital Economy, which is aimed at “creating conditions, under which world-class IT companies would come to Belarus to work on developing new products and technologies that would be in demand worldwide.”  (Decree No. 8 of Dec. 21, 2017, […]

Sweden: Mandatory Kindergarten Approved

(Dec. 14, 2017) On November 15, 2017, the Swedish Parliament voted approval of a law to make förskoleklass (similar to kindergarten) mandatory.  The law is set to enter into force in January 2018, with the first mandatory förskoleklass to start in August of 2018.  (Skolstart vid sex års ålder [School Starts at Age Six], Utbildningsutskottets betänkande […]