Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Bolivia: Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination

(Nov. 18, 2010) On October 8, 2010, the President of Bolivia signed the Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination (Law 45, Gaceta Oficial de Bolivia (Oct. 8, 2010, The Law is designed to establish mechanisms and procedures to prevent and punish racist or discriminatory behavior within the legal framework of the Political […]

Finland: Supreme Court Decides Sex Discrimination Case

(Oct. 26, 2010) On October 22, 2010, Finland's Supreme Court decided that a Lutheran clergyman was guilty of discrimination based on gender. The case stemmed from a 2007 incident in which the clergyman, a member of the conservative Lutheran Evangelical Association, refused to serve alongside a female pastor, Petra Pohjanraitio, when he was invited to […]

United Nations: New Mechanism to Focus on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women

(Oct. 7, 2010) The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted by consensus on October 1, 2010, at its 15th session, a resolution (A/HRC/15/L.15) to create a new mechanism for the acceleration of the elimination of discrimination against women in law and practice. The mechanism is a Working Group, comprising five independent experts “of balanced […]

United States: Court Rules Fair Housing Act Protects Condominium Residents from Religious Discrimination

(Dec. 17, 2009) A U.S. federal appellate court has ruled that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) protects from religious discrimination not only purchasers of a home at the time of sale, but also existing residents of a condominium building who experience discrimination post-sale. The case involved alleged religious discrimination by a condominium association and its […]

England and Wales: Amnesty International Worker Wins Discrimination Case

(Oct. 9, 2009) An employment tribunal upheld a claim by a worker for Amnesty International that she was discriminated against on the basis of race and ethnic origin. The worker, a Sudanese national, had applied for a promotion as a Sudanese researcher for the organization but was unsuccessful due to concerns that “her ethnic origin […]

United States: Divided Supreme Court Addresses Reverse Discrimination Claim

(July 15, 2009) On June 29, 2009, a divided Supreme Court ruled that under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, an employer may engage in racially disparate treatment of employees to avoid a racially disparate impact only if there is a “strong basis in evidence” that the disparate impact will subject the […]

Bosnia-Herzegovina: Draft Anti-Discrimination Law Creates Controversy over Gay Marriage Rights

(July 10, 2009) It was reported on June 3, 2009, that the Inter-Religion Council of Bosnia, a representative body of the Catholic, Orthodox, Muslim, and Jewish communities established after the 1992-1995 civil war in that country in order to foster better cooperation among ethnic groups, has taken an uncharacteristic unified stance against a draft law […]

Australia: Red Cross Can Refuse Blood from Homosexual Donors

(June 1, 2009) On May 27, 2009, the Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania, a division of the Australian island state's Magistrates Court, found that the Australian Red Cross policy of refusing blood donations from sexually active homosexual males was not discriminatory. The Tribunal was established in conformity with the Tasmanian Anti-Discrimination Act 1998. It may consist […]

Nigeria: Discrimination Against the Disabled Outlawed

(Mar. 19, 2009) On March 9, 2009, the Nigerian Senate passed into law a bill outlawing discrimination against the disabled. This law, which was sponsored by Senator Bode Olajumoke of Ondo State, requires government and public organizations to make their premises accessible to the disabled. It states that “a public building shall be constructed with […]

United Nations: Criticism of Israel and Religions Dropped from Racism Conference Agenda

(Mar. 19, 2009) A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to “defamation of religion.” According to U.N. officials, the resolution now speaks only of concern about the negative stereotyping of religions and does not […]