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Nigeria: Bill on Discriminating Against Persons Living with AIDS

(Mar. 10, 2009) It was reported on March 3, 2009, that a bill that makes discriminating against people living with HIV and AIDS a criminal offense is under consideration by Nigeria's House of Representatives. The bill underwent a second reading on March 2, 2009, and was referred to the Joint Committees on Human Rights and […]

United States: New Law Overturns Supreme Court Ruling on Statute of Limitations in Pay Discrimination Lawsuits

(Feb. 26, 2009) On January 29, 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which reverses a 2007 Supreme Court decision interpreting the statute of limitations for lawsuits under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The new law clarifies that the statute of limitations for employment […]

Nepal: PM Pledges to Ban Dowry System, Criminalize Caste-Based Discrimination

(Feb. 2, 2009) It was reported on January 26, 2009, that Nepal's Prime Minister, the Maoist leader Pushpa Kamal Dhal, known as Prachanda (“the fierce one”), had announced his government's intention to ban the dowry system and to criminalize caste-based discrimination. There has apparently been a surge in dowry-related violence against women over the last […]

United States: Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 Signed into Law

(June 2, 2008) On May 21, 2008 the President signed into law House bill H.R. 493, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (“GINA”). GINA provides broad protection from discrimination against individuals based on their genetic information. To accomplish its purpose in the area of health insurance discrimination, GINA amends the Employee Retirement Income Security […]

United States: Supreme Court Rules 1866 Civil Rights Provision Encompasses Retaliation Claims

(June 2, 2008) On May 27, the Supreme Court ruled that a provision of the Civil Rights Act of 1866 codified at 42 U.S.C. § 1981, which protects against racial discrimination in the making and enforcing of contracts, also prohibits retaliation against persons who complain of violations of this law. Section 1981 provides in part […]

European Union: Anti-Discrimination Legislation for Homosexuals Abandoned

(May 2, 2008) It has recently been reported that the European Commission has given up its intention to introduce a directive to safeguard the rights of homosexuals, to the dismay of gay and lesbian activists. The Commission has the legal authority to proceed with such a horizontal instrument, based on article 13 of the Treaty […]

India: Prohibition of Women as Bartenders Voided

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 6, 2007, the Supreme Court of India annulled on grounds of discrimination section 30 of the Punjab Excise Act, 1914, as applicable to the National Capital Territory of Delhi, which prohibited hiring men below 25 years of age and women as bartenders in restaurants. As a result of its deliberations […]

South Korea: Breast Cancer Survivor Regained Position in the Military

(Nov. 2, 2007) The Seoul Administrative Court rendered a judgment on October 4, 2007, that revoked the Defense Ministry's decision to discharge a female lieutenant colonel in the first reserve, Pi Ujin. Pi is a breast cancer survivor. After a mastectomy, Pi took a physical test and passed it, and kept working as a helicopter […]