Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Sweden: Separate Swimming Hours by Gender Justifiable

(Jan. 12, 2017) The Swedish Diskrimineringsombudsmannen (DO, Equality Ombudsman) has issued two decisions on the legality of separate hours for men and women at public indoor pools. (Press Release, Könsseparerade simhallstider kan vara diskriminering [Gender-Segregated Pool Hours May Be Discriminatory], DO website (Dec. 14, 2016).) The role of the Equality Ombudsman is regulated by the […]

Israel: Naturalization Procedures for Gay and Non-Gay Partners to Be Harmonized

(Dec. 9, 2016) On December 8, 2016, Israel’s Attorney General, Avichai Mandelblit, announced that the government would make the procedures for naturalization of gay partners of Israeli nationals the same as those for non-gay partners.  Mandelblit’s announcement was made in response to a petition filed with the High Court of Justice by the Israeli Gay […]

Australia: Police Response to Aboriginal Death in Custody and Ensuing Riot Ruled Discriminatory

(Dec. 9, 2016) On December 5, 2016, the Federal Court of Australia found in favor of an Aboriginal community from Palm Island, Queensland, in a class action case involving claims that officers of the Queensland Police Service (QPS) engaged in racial discrimination in responding to a riot that took place in 2004 following the death […]

Israel: Labor Court Orders Compensation for Age-Based Discrimination

(Sept. 7, 2016) On August 21, 2016, the Regional Labor Court in Tel Aviv Yafo accepted a suit for compensation for unlawful dismissal of an employee in violation of the prohibition on age discrimination under Israel’s Equal Opportunities in Labor Law (EOL Law), 5748-1988. (Sefer HaHukim [BOOK OF LAWS, the official gazette] No. 1240 p. […]

Japan: New Act Targets Hate Speech Against Persons from Outside Japan

(Aug. 31, 2016) In Japan, “hate speech” against people with a specific ethnic origin has become a social issue. (Summary of Press Conference by Minister of Justice After Cabinet Meeting (Jan. 16, 2015), Ministry of Justice (MOJ) (in Japanese).)  The MOJ released a report on hate speech in March 2016 that stated that there were […]

Australia: State Legislation to Remove Barriers to Changing Sex on Birth Certificate

(Aug. 22, 2016) On August 18, 2016, the Attorney-General of the Australian State of Victoria introduced the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Amendment Bill 2016 in the state parliament.  The bill “removes the need for applicants to have undergone sex affirmation surgery before being able to apply for a new birth certificate.”  (Press Release, Martin […]

Belize: Anti-Homosexuality Legal Provision Struck Down for First Time in Caribbean

(Aug. 19, 2016) On August 10, 2016, the Supreme Court of Belize declared unconstitutional the country’s legal provision banning sodomy. (Jaclyn Belczyk, Belize Top Court Strikes Down Anti-Homosexuality Law, PAPER CHASE (Aug. 11, 2016); Adele Ramos, “Sex” Redefined 20 Years Ago, and Belizeans Didn’t Know It!, AMANDALA(Aug. 17, 2016).) In Caleb Orozco v. The Attorney […]

India: Maharashtra Passes Legislation Against Social Boycott

(Apr. 28, 2016) On April 13, 2016, the state legislature of Maharashtra passed the Maharashtra Prohibition of People from Social Boycott (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2016. (Betwa Sharma, Maharashtra’s New Law Against Social Boycott Could Spark A Renaissance, Say Activists, HUFFINGTON POST (Apr. 14, 2016).) The legislation prohibits the social boycott of individuals or […]

United Nations: Rights Expert Reports on Problems of Albinos

(Apr. 1, 2016) The United Nation’s first independent expert on the enjoyment of human rights by persons with albinism, Ikponwosa Ero, who was appointed in June 2015, has submitted her initial report to the U.N. Human Rights Council. The report describes increasing violence against those with albinism, who are reportedly hunted, murdered, and dismembered for […]