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Italy: Nuclear Security Legislation Now in Force

(Nov. 7, 2017) On October 10, 2017, legislation implementing a 2014 amendment to the European Union accord on nuclear security entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 137 of September 15, 2017, Implementation of Council Directive 2014/87/Euratom of 8 July 2014 Amending Directive 2009/71/Euratom Establishing a Community Framework for the Nuclear Safety of Nuclear […]

United Nations/World Bank: Updated Partnership Framework to Reduce Human Vulnerability to Violent Conflict

(Apr. 28, 2017) On April 22, 2017, the United Nations and the World Bank signed a partnership framework aimed at “building resilience for the most vulnerable people by reducing poverty, promoting shared prosperity, enhancing food security, and sustaining peace in crisis-affected situations.” (Press Release, U.N. Secretary-General, Joint Statement on Signing of New UN-World Bank Framework […]

Cuba/United States: Agreement on Oil Spill Preparedness

(Jan. 17, 2017) On January 9, 2017, it was announced that authorities from the United States and Cuba had signed an agreement covering matters related to preparedness for and responses to incidents of hazardous substance pollution and oil spills in the Straits of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. (Press Release, United States and Cuba […]

Italy: Legislative Measures in Aid of Earthquake Victims

(Dec. 30, 2016) On December 18, 2016, new legislation aimed at providing assistance to earthquake victims and aid for the restoration of damaged property entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 229 of December 15, 2016, Conversion into Law, with Amendments, of Decree-Law No. 189 of October 17, 2016, Concerning Urgent Interventions to Benefit the […]

Germany: Government Publishes Civil Defense Concept

(Sept. 9, 2016) On August 28, 2016, the German Federal Government published a Civil Defense Concept in which it set out a federal strategy to facilitate non-military defense measures in Germany in a national emergency such as an attack against the country or a natural disaster. (Bundesministerium des Innern [Federal Ministry of the Interior], Konzeption […]

Italy: Legislation Addressing Difficult Financial Situation of Territorial Entities

(July 19, 2016) On June 25, 2016, new legislation establishing urgent financial measures for territorial entities within the country entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 113 of June 24, 2016, Urgent Financial Measures for Territorial Entities and the Territory (D.L. No. 113), GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 146 (June 24, 2016), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) This […]

Japan: Active Volcanoes Special Measures Act Amended

(Sept. 11, 2015) In September 2014, Mt. Ontake, located in central Japan, erupted and resulted in the loss of 57 lives. (Mount Ontake Volcanic Eruption, NHK World (Oct. 27, 2014).) Experts called for improved measures for managing government reactions to eruptions. (Id.) In response, the government discussed enhanced countermeasures. (Disaster Management in Japan, Cabinet Office […]

Bangladesh: High Court Orders Property of Collapsed Building Owner Confiscated

(May 14, 2013) On April 24, 2013, a multi-story building collapsed in Bangladesh, killing over 1,000 people. Five garment factories were operating inside the building, and more than 3,000 people were believed to be working in it when it collapsed. (Julfikar Ali Manik & Jim Yardley, 17 Days in Darkness, a Cry of ‘Save Me,’ […]