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Japan: Cyber Security Basic Act & Information Processing Promotion Act Amended

(June 15, 2016) In order to enhance the nation’s cybersecurity, in November 2014 the Diet (Japan’s parliament) adopted the Cybersecurity Basic Act (Act No. 104 of 2014).  (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Cybersecurity Basic Act Adopted, GLOBAL LEGAL MONITOR (Dec. 10, 2014).)  An amendment to the Act was promulgated on April 22, 2016.  The Act on Promotion […]

Turkey: Constitutional Court Rulings on “Reasonable Suspicion” in Criminal Procedure Code and on 2014 Changes to Internet Law

(Dec. 30, 2015) The Constitutional Court of Turkey issued two key decisions in December 2015, on amending provisions of a “package” law adopted in December 2014 and on amendments to Turkey’s Internet Law that had been introduced in February 2014.  (Top Court Rejects Appeal Against ‘Reasonable Suspicion’ Clause in Security Law, TODAY’S ZAMAN (Dec. 23, […]

Brazil: New Law Creates Program to Combat Bullying Nationwide

(Nov. 13, 2015) On November 6, 2015, Brazil’s legislature enacted Law No. 13,185 on the creation of a national program to combat systematic intimidation (bullying) (Programa de Combate à Intimidação Sistemática). (Lei No. 13.185, de 6 de Novembro de 2015, art. 1, PLANALTO.) Law No. 13,185 defines systematic intimidation (intimidação sistemática) as any act of […]

New Zealand: Legislation Aimed at Preventing and Punishing Cyberbullying Passed

(July 6, 2015) On June 30, 2015, the New Zealand Parliament passed the Harmful Digital Communications Bill. (Harmful Digital Communications Bill Passes, PARLIAMENT TODAY (June 30, 2015); Harmful Digital Communications Bill, New Zealand Parliament website (last visited July 6, 2015).) The legislation, which was originally introduced in November 2013, will establish complaint mechanisms for victims […]

Tanzania: Cybercrimes Bill Enacted

(June 15, 2015) It was reported recently that Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete has signed into law the Cyber Crimes Bill, 2015. (Kikwete Signs Cybercrime Bill, PESA TIMES (May. 9, 2015).) As indicated in its “Objectives and Reasons” section, the legislation makes provision for “offences related to computer systems and Information Communication Technologies [as well as] […]

European Union: Member States Disagree over Proposed Cybersecurity Directive

(June 12, 2015) A proposal by the European Commission, adopted in 2013, for a Directive on Network and Information Security (NIS) has recently failed to be endorsed by the Council of the European Union, due to disagreements among the Member States. (European Commission, Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council […]

Saudi Arabia: Cyber-Crime Conviction

(Mar. 19, 2015) The Criminal Court of Qatif in Saudi Arabia recently convicted a 32-year-old woman on charges of defaming another Saudi citizen on the WhatsApp private messaging service and sentenced her to two months’ imprisonment, 70 lashes, and a fine of 20,000 riyals (about US$5,334). (Qatif: Imprisonment, Lashing, and Fine for a Woman in […]

Germany: Ministry of the Interior Publishes Draft Cybersecurity Act

(Sept. 10, 2014) On August 18, 2014, the German Federal Ministry of the Interior published a draft of a new Cybersecurity Act. (Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Erhöhung der Sicherheit informationstechnischer Systeme (IT-Sicherheitsgesetz), Federal Ministry of the Interior website (Aug. 18, 2014).) If the draft is adopted, the Act would be in part an implementation of […]

India: Possible Amendment of IT Law to Address Cybercrimes Against Women

(Aug. 21, 2014) It was reported on August 15, 2014, that the Indian government has taken preliminary steps to introduce amendments to India’s information technology law that would specifically treat cybercrimes against women. The move comes in the wake of reports of men recording rapes of women and girls with their smartphones and using the […]

Nigeria: Cybercrime Bill Proposed

(Feb. 5, 2014) Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan recently introduced the Cybercrime Bill, 2013 in the National Assembly. (Nuruddeen M. Abdallah & Musa Abdullahi Krishi, Cybercrime Bill: FG Seeks Powers to Intercept SMS, Emails, BBMS, Fax, DAILYTRUST (Jan. 28, 2014).) The objectives of the legislation include, among other goals, protecting the country’s national information structure and […]