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Italy: Electronic Card for Access to Cultural Activities

(Oct. 12, 2017) On September 19, 2017, regulations on special electronic cards to be used to access cultural activities entered into effect in Italy.  (Decree No. 187 of the President of the Council of Ministers of September 15, 2016, Regulations on the Criteria and Modalities for the Allocation and Use of the Electronic Card as […]

Namibia: Bill on Access to Biological and Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge

(June 1, 2017) In April 2017, the Namibian National Assembly reportedly passed the Access to Biological and Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge Bill and sent it to the other chamber of Parliament, the National Council, for review.  (Absalom Shigwedha, NA Passes Bill on Use of Genetic Resources, NAMIBIAN (May 11, 2017).)  If the bill is confirmed by […]

New Zealand: Bill Establishing River as Having Own Legal Personality Passed

(Mar. 22, 2017) On March 14, 2017, the New Zealand Parliament voted to pass the Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River) Claims Settlement Bill (the Bill). (Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River) Claims Settlement Bill, Government Bill 129-2, as reported by the Māori Affairs Committee, New Zealand Legislation website.) The Bill “gives effect to the Whanganui River Deed […]

China: Law to Improve Public Cultural Services Passed

(Mar. 13, 2017) On December 25, 2016, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) passed the Public Cultural Services Guarantee Law.  (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Gonggong Wenhua Fuwu Baozhang Fa (the Law) (promulgated on Dec. 25, 2016, effective on Mar. 1, 2017), Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council website; English translation available at […]

Mongolia: New Mining Law Being Drafted

(Jan. 17, 2017) Mongolia’s Ministry of Mining and Heavy Industry is working on new legislation on mining. The Mining Law now being drafted would regulate all aspects of mine businesses, from their establishment to closure. (Mongolia Considers New Mining Law, NEWS.MN (Jan. 4, 2017).) It thus reportedly would cover a wider range of topics than […]

Indonesia: Official Support for Fatwa Banning Christmas-Themed Clothing

(Dec. 28, 2016) On December 14, 2016, the Indonesian Ulama Council, a group of Muslim scholars from a number of Islamic organizations, issued a religious ruling, a fatwa, advising Muslims not to wear Christmas-themed clothing.  While urging respect for the rights of Christians to wear attire such as Santa hats, the document said that it […]

Italy: Legislation Addressing Difficult Financial Situation of Territorial Entities

(July 19, 2016) On June 25, 2016, new legislation establishing urgent financial measures for territorial entities within the country entered into effect in Italy. (Decree Law No. 113 of June 24, 2016, Urgent Financial Measures for Territorial Entities and the Territory (D.L. No. 113), GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 146 (June 24, 2016), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) This […]

Germany: Act to Protect Cultural Property Passed

(July 19, 2016) On June 23, 2016, the German Bundestag (parliament) adopted a revised Act to Protect Cultural Property which protects certain national cultural property from being exported, restricts illegal trade in cultural goods, and facilitates the retrieval of cultural goods that were exported unlawfully. (Gesetz zur Neuregelung des Kulturgutschutzrechts [Act To Amend the Law […]

Vietnam: New Provisions on Cultural Treasures Sent Abroad

(June 23, 2016) Under Decision No. 23/2016/QD-TTg, issued by the Prime Minister of Vietnam on June 7, 2016, items formally designated as national treasures may be transported abroad “to serve state-level diplomatic activities of the Party General Secretary, the President, the Prime Minister and the National Assembly Chairperson.” (PM Allows Transport of National Treasures Abroad, […]

Italy: New Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape

(May 20, 2016) On March 31, 2016, an updated version of the 2004 Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape entered into effect in Italy.  (Legislative Decree No. 42 of January 22, 2004, Code of Cultural Heritage and Landscape, as Mandated by Article 10 of Law No. 137 of July 6, 2002 (L.D. No. 42), GAZETTA UFFICIALE […]