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Peru: President Enacts Decree Changing Requirements for Foreigners Convicted of Crimes to Serve Sentences Abroad

(Jan. 31, 2020) On January 23, 2020, the president of Peru, Martín Vizcarra, with the approval of the Council of Ministers, enacted Emergency Decree 018-2020 to change the prerequisites for foreigners to serve a Peruvian criminal sentence in their own country. (Decreto de Urgencia 018-2020 (DU 018-2020) que Optimiza  los Criterios y Requisitos para que […]

Mexico: Executive Branch to Propose Criminal Justice System Reforms to Senate

(Jan. 27, 2020) On January 15, 2020, the Mexican Senate announced that it will receive a proposal from the executive branch aimed at comprehensively reforming aspects of Mexico’s criminal justice system in an effort to improve its performance. The proposal will be formally filed and text of the proposed bills released on February 1, 2020, […]

European Court of Justice: Court Confirms French, Belgian, and Swedish Prosecutors Can Issue European Arrest Warrants

(Jan. 17, 2020) In a series of decisions issued on December 12, 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) confirmed that the public prosecutor’s offices of France, Belgium, and Sweden could issue European arrest warrants on their own. These decisions were issued for cases C-625/19 PPU, C-627/19 PPU and, jointly, C-56ed76 6/19 […]

Belgium: Parliament Votes to Remove Statute of Limitations for Sexual Crimes Against Minors

(Dec. 19, 2019) On November 28, 2019, the Belgian Chamber of Representatives adopted a bill to remove the statute of limitations for “serious sexual crimes committed against minors” (délits sexuels graves commis sur des mineurs). Under articles 21 and 21bis of the current version of the Belgian Code of Criminal Procedure, the statute of limitations […]

Italy: Requirement to Complete Two-Thirds of Sentence to Obtain Early Release for Certain Kidnapping Crimes Ruled Unconstitutional

(Dec. 16, 2019) On November 8, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Law No. 354 of July 26, 1975 (article 58-quater, paragraph 4) requiring that persons convicted of kidnapping for the purposes of robbery, extortion, terrorism, or subversion, during the perpetration of which the victim died, be ineligible for early release […]

Niger: ECOWAS Court of Justice Rejects Appeal of Former Niger Prime Minister and Presidential Candidate in Baby Trafficking Case

(Nov. 18, 2019) On October 30, 2019, the Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) rejected the appeal of Hama Amadou against the Republic of Niger in an alleged baby trafficking case. Amadou was Niger’s prime minister from 1995 to 1996 and again from 2000 to 2007, and was the […]

Turkey: AKP Submits Draft “Judicial Reform Package” to Grand National Assembly

(Oct. 17, 2019) On October 7, 2019, the Justice Commission of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT, Turkey’s parliament) accepted a draft bill constituting a “judicial reform package” that was submitted to the GNAT by Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (the AKP) on September 30, 2019. A press statement released by the AKP stated […]

Brazil: New Law Criminalizing Abuse of Authority Enacted

(Oct. 15, 2019) On September 5, 2019, Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, promulgated Law No. 13,869 (Lei No. 13.869, de 5 de Setembro de 2019), which provides for crimes of abuse of authority and amends and revokes other laws. President Bolsonaro had initially issued 19 vetoes that encompassed 36 provisions of the Law, and the National Congress […]

Italy: Mandatory Confiscation in Security Violation Ruled Unconstitutional

(Aug. 16, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 187-sexies of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 1998, which provides for the mandatory confiscation of the proceeds of an insider trading offense and the instruments used to commit it. (Decision No. 112 of March 6, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background […]