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France: Law to Help Youth Transition to Adulthood and to Further Equality

(Mar. 20, 2017) At the end of January 2017, the French President promulgated a new law aimed at helping young people successfully transition into adulthood. (Loi n° 2017-86 du 27 janvier 2017 relative à l’égalité et à la citoyenneté [Law No. 2017-86 of 27 January 2017 Regarding Equality and Citizenship], LEGIFRANCE.) The law is organized […]

Andorra: Tax Crimes to Be Introduced

(Mar. 17, 2017) Andorra’s government submitted draft legislation to the General Council (the country’s parliament) on March 1, 2017, to introduce tax crimes into the Andorran Criminal Code for the first time. (Jose María Alfin, Andorra: Government Submits Draft Bill for Introducing Tax Crimes to Criminal Code, TAX NEWS SERVICE (Mar. 13, 2017), International Bureau […]

Italy: Security of Cities

(Mar. 10, 2017) On February 21, 2017, new legislation on the security of cities in Italy entered into effect.  (Decree-Law No. 14 of February 20, 2017, Urgent Provisions on the Security of the City (D. L. No. 14), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE (G.U.) (Feb. 20, 2017), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).)  The new legislation regulates the methods for coordination […]

Kenya: High Court Declares Penal Code Provision on Criminal Defamation Unconstitutional

(Feb. 14, 2017) On February 6, 2017, the Constitutional and Human Rights Division of the High Court of Kenya at Nairobi found unconstitutional article 194 of the country’s 1930 Penal Code, which relates to criminal defamation.  (Jacqueline Okuta & another v Attorney General & 2 others [2017] eKLR, Kenya Law website.)  Two individuals, Jacqueline Okuta and […]

Malaysia: Court Decision on Review of Pardon Petitions

(Jan. 25, 2017) On January 18, 2017, the Malaysian Court of Appeal ruled that the question of whether or not a rejection of a petition for a royal pardon can be appealed should be considered by a higher court. Anwar Ibrahim, a currently imprisoned opposition leader, can now petition the Federal Court to determine if […]

Netherlands: New Offense Tailored to Police Officers’ Use of Force

(Jan. 13, 2017) The House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament is considering legislation that addresses the special position of investigating officers in criminal law. (Bill Sent to House of Representatives: Special Position of Investigating Officers in Criminal Law, Ministry of Security and Justice website (Dec. 23, 2016).) Under the draft legislation, “[p]olice […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Bilateral Agreement on Maritime Demarcation Approved by Ministers

(Jan. 12, 2017) On December 29, 2016, the Council of Ministers of Egypt approved a maritime demarcation agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. According to the agreement, Saudi Arabia will assume control over two islands in the Red Sea that have been under the control of Egypt. Following its approval of the […]

Australia: Amendments to War Crimes Provisions Relate to Fight Against Islamic State

(Oct. 17, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the Australian government introduced a bill into the Parliament to amend provisions related to war crimes contained in the Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth).  (Criminal Code Amendment (War Crimes) Bill 2016, PARLIAMENT OF AUSTRALIA (last visited Oct. 13, 2016).) The proposed changes were first announced by the Prime […]

Germany: Heavier Sanctions Against Sexual Offenders Adopted

(Oct. 3, 2016) On September 23, 2016, the German Bundesrat, the constitutional body through which the German states participate in the legislative process, passed an amendment to the German Criminal Code that expands criminal liability relating to sexual assault, rape, and sexual harassment in order to close the existing liability gaps. (Gesetz zur Änderung des […]

Egypt: New Law Enhancing the Penalties for FGM Approved by Parliament

(Sept. 14, 2016) On August 31, 2016, the Egyptian People’s Assembly approved the amendment of article 242 (bis) of the Penal Code. Article 242 (bis) criminalizes the act of female genital mutilation (FGM). (People’s Assembly Strengthens the Penalty Against Female Genital Mutilation, AL YOUM7 (Aug. 31, 2016) (in Arabic); Law No. 58 of 1937 Promulgating […]