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Malaysia: Court Decision on Review of Pardon Petitions

(Jan. 25, 2017) On January 18, 2017, the Malaysian Court of Appeal ruled that the question of whether or not a rejection of a petition for a royal pardon can be appealed should be considered by a higher court. Anwar Ibrahim, a currently imprisoned opposition leader, can now petition the Federal Court to determine if […]

Netherlands: New Offense Tailored to Police Officers’ Use of Force

(Jan. 13, 2017) The House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament is considering legislation that addresses the special position of investigating officers in criminal law. (Bill Sent to House of Representatives: Special Position of Investigating Officers in Criminal Law, Ministry of Security and Justice website (Dec. 23, 2016).) Under the draft legislation, “[p]olice […]

Egypt/Saudi Arabia: Bilateral Agreement on Maritime Demarcation Approved by Ministers

(Jan. 12, 2017) On December 29, 2016, the Council of Ministers of Egypt approved a maritime demarcation agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. According to the agreement, Saudi Arabia will assume control over two islands in the Red Sea that have been under the control of Egypt. Following its approval of the […]

Australia: Amendments to War Crimes Provisions Relate to Fight Against Islamic State

(Oct. 17, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the Australian government introduced a bill into the Parliament to amend provisions related to war crimes contained in the Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth).  (Criminal Code Amendment (War Crimes) Bill 2016, PARLIAMENT OF AUSTRALIA (last visited Oct. 13, 2016).) The proposed changes were first announced by the Prime […]

Germany: Heavier Sanctions Against Sexual Offenders Adopted

(Oct. 3, 2016) On September 23, 2016, the German Bundesrat, the constitutional body through which the German states participate in the legislative process, passed an amendment to the German Criminal Code that expands criminal liability relating to sexual assault, rape, and sexual harassment in order to close the existing liability gaps. (Gesetz zur Änderung des […]

Egypt: New Law Enhancing the Penalties for FGM Approved by Parliament

(Sept. 14, 2016) On August 31, 2016, the Egyptian People’s Assembly approved the amendment of article 242 (bis) of the Penal Code. Article 242 (bis) criminalizes the act of female genital mutilation (FGM). (People’s Assembly Strengthens the Penalty Against Female Genital Mutilation, AL YOUM7 (Aug. 31, 2016) (in Arabic); Law No. 58 of 1937 Promulgating […]

Italy: Legislation Implementing the EU Criminal Mutual Assistance Convention

(Aug. 26, 2016) On August 5, 2016, new legislation ratifying and implementing the European Union Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, in particular concerning extradition, entered into effect in Italy. (Law No. 149 of July 21, 2016, Ratifying and Implementing the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Between Member States of the European […]

Russia: Strengthening of Punishment for Extremism

(July 18, 2016) On July 6, 2016, the President of the Russian Federation signed into law the recently adopted Federal Law No. 375 on Amending the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation in Regard to Creating Additional Measures Aimed at Countering Terrorism and Protecting Public […]

Afghanistan: Government Announces New Draft Penal Code

(July 1, 2016) On May 1, 2016, Afghanistan’s Ministry of Justice announced that a draft of the first part of a new penal code has been finalized. (Maryam Hussaini, Peshnawais Code Jazaee Afghanistan Nehaee Shod [The Draft of the Afghanistan Penal Code Is Finalized], 8AM.AF, (May 13, 2016).) At a press conference in Kabul, Minister […]

Cameroon: Revision of Adultery Law

(June 30, 2016) On June 22, 2016, the lower house of the Parliament of Cameroon voted to amend the country’s criminal provisions on adultery. (Matthew Santiago, Cameroon Parliament Votes for Gender-Balanced Adultery, PAPER CHASE (June 26, 2016).) While the Penal Code had already penalized adultery as a crime for both men and women, responsibility was […]