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Brazil: Law Amended to Require Domestic Violence Aggressors to Pay for Victims’ Treatment

(Sept. 23, 2019) A bill requiring perpetrators of domestic violence to reimburse the Unified Health System (Sistema Unico de Saúde, SUS) for the costs of the victim’s medical and hospital care was approved on August 20, 2019, by the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies. The bill (Projeto de Lei 2438/2019) amended Law No. 11, 340 of […]

Italy: New Law Enters into Force to Protect Victims of Domestic and Gender Violence

(Sept. 9, 2019) On August 9, 2019, new legislation related to protecting victims of domestic and gender violence entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 69 of July 19, 2019, Amendments to the Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure and other Provisions on the Protection of Victims of Domestic and Gender Violence (in Italian).) Changes […]

England and Wales: Man Receives First Conviction Under the Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act For Stabbing Police Dog

(Sept. 4, 2019) On August 5, 2019, a man from the West Midlands of England became the first person convicted under the recently enacted Animal Welfare (Service Animals) Act for stabbing a police dog in the head while resisting arrest from the dog’s handler. The defendant, who was under the influence of drugs at the […]

Italy: Mandatory Confiscation in Security Violation Ruled Unconstitutional

(Aug. 16, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 187-sexies of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 1998, which provides for the mandatory confiscation of the proceeds of an insider trading offense and the instruments used to commit it. (Decision No. 112 of March 6, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background […]

Italy: Law on Legitimate Defense in Criminal Cases Enters into Force

(June 10, 2019) On May 18, 2019, a new law amending Criminal Code provisions on legitimate defense in criminal cases entered into force in Italy. (Law No. 36 of April 26, 2019, Amending the Criminal Code and Other Provisions on Legitimate Defense) (Law No. 36), GAZZETTA UFFICIALE [G.U., OFFICIAL GAZETTE], May 3, 2019, G.U. website […]

Italy: Revocation of Driver’s License in Cases of Vehicular Homicide Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 28, 2019) On April 17, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional a provision of Legislative Decree No. 285 of April 30, 1992 (New Traffic Code) because it did not provide for an alternative administrative penalty of suspending the driver’s license of persons convicted of vehicular homicide (omicidio stradale) and causing serious traffic injuries […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Issues Decision on Illicit Trafficking and Possession of Drugs or Psychotropic Substances

(Apr. 15, 2019) On March 13, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the production, trafficking, and illicit possession of narcotic and psychotropic substances, declaring part of article 73(1) of Presidential Decree No. 309 of 1990 (D.P.R. No. 309) unconstitutional in that it set the minimum sentence for such crimes at eight years of […]

Egypt: Female Tourist Convicted of Spreading False Rumors That Damage Country’s Reputation

(Sept. 12, 2018) In July 2018, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court found a Lebanese female tourist, Mona el-Mazbouh, guilty of deliberately spreading false rumors against Egypt that damage the country’s reputation. The court had initially sentenced the defendant to 11 years in prison before reducing the sentence later on the same day to eight years of […]

Brazil: State of Rio de Janeiro Enacts New Law for the Support of Victims of Rape

(July 11, 2018) The State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, has enacted a Law to create a program for the support of victims of rape in the state. According to article 2(§ 1) of Law No. 8,007 of June 26, 2018, the testimony of the female victim and the information collected in the health unit […]