Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Germany: Regional Court Ruling Criminalizes Circumcision of Young Boys

(July 3, 2012) According to a decision handed down by the Cologne regional court (Landgericht Köln) on June 26, 2012, circumcision of young boys is a criminal act, prohibited by law, even if parents have consented to the procedure. The decision is grounded on the reasoning that such circumcisions cause “illegal bodily harm” to the […]

Netherlands: Overhaul of Rules on Review of Criminal Cases

(July 2, 2012) On June 12, 2012, the Upper House (Eerste Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament (Staten-Generaal) adopted draft legislation reforming the rules on criminal case review, which are deemed to have become obsolete and “too limited in legal practice.” (Criminal Cases Review Rules Reformation Bill Passed by the Upper House of Parliament, Government of […]

European Union: Notice of Rights for Suspects and the Accused in Criminal Proceedings

(June 27, 2012) On June 1, 2012, Directive 2012/13/EU on the Right to Information in Criminal Proceedings entered into force. (2012 OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (142/1) (May 22, 2012), EUR-LEX.) Directive 2012/13/EU establishes rules pertaining to the right to information about the procedural rights of accused persons and suspects in criminal proceedings, irrespective […]

Japan: Two Laws Adopted to Improve Use of Autopsies

(June 25, 2012) Among corpses handled by police in 2011, only 11%were autopsied. This number is much lower than that of most of developed countries, except for the United States. (Cabinet Committee, House of Representatives, Minutes No. 7 of 180th Diet Session (May 18, 2012).) In King County, Washington State, in the United States, for […]

Georgia: Jurors in Tbilisi Court Pronounce Guilty Verdicts

(June 21, 2012) On June 15, 2012, a guilty verdict was pronounced by jurors in a case of premeditated murder tried in Tbilisi City Court. (Davit Rusishvili to Be Sent to 21-Year Imprisonment, RUSTAVI 2 TV CHANNEL (June 15, 2012).) This appears to be the third case resolved by jurors since jury trials were introduced […]

Turkey: Defense Lawyers Boycott Major Trial

(June 19, 2012) On June 15, 2012, defense lawyers in Turkey boycotted a high profile trial in protest over a judicial ruling in a case that began with press revelations in 2010. It involves hundreds of military officers charged with plotting an anti-government coup in 2003. The lawyers in the trial were unhappy with the […]

Mexico: Federal Tribunal Approves Extradition of

(June 19, 2012) On June 7, 2012, a Mexican federal tribunal authorized the extradition to the United States of Sandra Ávila Beltrán, known as the “Queen of the Pacific,” to be tried for the delivery of 100 kilograms of cocaine in the city of Chicago in 2001, one of the charges on the basis of […]

China; Mexico: Extradition Treaty Ratified

(June 19, 2012) Marisella Morales, the Attorney General of the Mexican Republic, and China's ambassador to Mexico, Zeng Gang, exchanged the documents of ratification on the extradition treaty between the two countries. (Héctor Vargas, México y China Ratifican Tratado de Extradicción, EL FINANCIERO (June 11, 2012) [cut and past article title in Google if link […]

France: Foreign Nationals Cannot Be Placed in Police Custody for Lack of Documentation

(June 15, 2012) In an opinion rendered on June 5, 2012, the Criminal Chamber of the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, found that foreign nationals cannot be placed in police custody (garde à vue) for the sole reason that they are undocumented. (Avis n° 9002 du 5 juin 2012 […]

Tunisia: Former President Convicted of Attempted Murder

(June 14, 2012) In June 2012, the Military Court of Tunisia found former President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali guilty in absentia of inciting violence and attempted murder. The court sentenced Ben Ali to 20 years of imprisonment. It convicted him for ordering police forces to open fire on protesters during the Tunisian revolution, in the […]