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Turkey: Landmark Trial of 1980 Military Coup Leaders Begins

(Apr. 12, 2012) Two retired generals have been placed on trial for their role in the September 12, 1980, coup d'etat in Turkey, which imposed military rule on the country for three years and reportedly saw 50 people executed and 500,000 arrested. The Ankara 12th High Criminal Court began proceedings on April 4, 2012, having […]

International Criminal Court: Landmark ICC Ruling Finds Congo Militia Leader Guilty

(Apr. 11, 2012) The International Criminal Court (ICC), established in July 2002, issued its first decision on March 14, 2012. In the landmark case, “The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo,” the three-judge panel comprising Trial Chamber I found military leader Lubanga guilty of war crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). (Dan Taglioli, Congo […]

India: State of Jammu and Kashmir Amends Public Safety Act

(Apr. 11, 2012) On April 5, 2012, the legislature of Jammu and Kashmir, a state in northern India, amended the state's 1978 Public Safety Act (PSA), limiting its strict provisions. (Act No. 6, 1978, REFWORLD.) The PSA has been used to arrest thousands of people in past years. The revisions include reducing some pre-trial detention […]

China: Amendment of Criminal Procedure Law

(Apr. 9, 2012) On March 14, 2012, China's National People's Congress (NPC) adopted an amendment to the country's 1979 Criminal Procedure Law. The Law was first extensively revised in 1996; this second revision also affects a large number of articles, and expands the Law from 225 to 290 articles. The newly amended Law will enter […]

European Union: Proposal to Establish a European Cybercrime Center

(Apr. 9, 2012) On March 28, 2012, the European Commission re-introduced a 2010 proposal to create a European Cybercrime Center (ECC), designed to protect the interests of individuals and businesses from ever-increasing cyber threats. (Press Release, European Commission, An EU Cybercrime Centre to Fight Online Criminals and Protect e-Consumers(Mar. 28, 2012).) The ECC will be […]

Sweden: Proposal to Do Away with Penalty of Compulsory Institutional Care

(Apr. 6, 2012) It was reported on April 3, 2012, that a government-appointed committee has presented a proposal to the Ministry of Social Affairs to eliminate the possibility of sentencing criminals to compulsory institutional care. The committee has been studying the relevant laws on the subject since 2008, and it recommended that Sweden follow the […]

Moldova: Pedophiles to Be Punished with Chemical Castration

(Apr. 2, 2012) On March 6, 2012, the Parliament of Moldova amended the country's Criminal Code and introduced chemical castration as a mandatory punishment for violent sexual crimes committed against children under 15 years of age. Application of this measure will be determined by courts and the castration procedure will be performed by injection, in […]

Mexico; United States: Agreement on Forfeited Funds

(Apr. 2, 2012) On March 26, 2012, it was announced that the United States and Mexican Attorneys General had signed a letter of intent whereby the United States will share about $6 million in forfeited money resulting from an anti-money laundering operation with Mexico's Department of Justice, in order to bolster Mexican operations aimed at […]

European Union: New Regulation on Export, Import, and Transit of Firearms

(Mar. 30, 2012) On March 8, 2012, the European Union (EU) adopted a new Regulation to ratify the UN Protocol on Firearms. (UN Protocol General Assembly Resolution A/RES/55/255, June 8, 2001, UN website.) The Commission had signed the Protocol in 2002 on behalf of the EU. (Press Release, European Commission, Council Adopts Commission Proposal to […]

Tunisia: Move to Criminalize Normalization of Relations with Israel in the New Penal Code

(Mar. 27, 2012) Some political factions have demanded that the ruling Islamic party in Tunisia, al Nahdah, should insert a provision in the country's penal code criminalizing the act of normalization of relations with Israel. These organizations also asked the Constituent Assembly to introduce a provision in the new constitution banning any transactions with the […]