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Bahrain: Penalties Increased for Attacking Military Personnel

(July 20, 2012) Pursuant to articles 221 and 339 of the Bahrain Criminal Law No. 15 of 1976, an assault on the person of a public employee (including military personnel) during or because of the discharge of his duties is a crime punishable by incarceration of up to three years (habs) or a fine of […]

Malaysia: Sedition Law to Be Repealed

(July 19, 2012) On July 12, 2012, Malaysia's government announced that it will repeal a law that has been on the books since the colonial era and been used to repress political dissent. (Kevin Drew, Malaysia Vows to Repeal Controversial Sedition Law, THE JAKARTA GLOBE (July 13, 2012).) The Sedition Act (Act 15, 1948, LAWS […]

Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan): Implementation of Jury Trials Postponed

(July 16, 2012) Kyrgyzstan will soon become another former Soviet republic in which courts with jurors will be introduced, based on an amendment to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts adopted by the national legislature, the Zhogorku Kenesh, on May 30, 2012. (Bill on Amendments to the Law on Jurors in Kyrgyz Courts Is […]

Brazil: New Law Strengthens Fight Against Money Laundering

(July 16, 2012) On July 9, 2012, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 12,683 (Lei No. 12.683, de 9 de Julho de 2012, PLANALTO ), which amends the law that provides, inter alia, for the punishment of crimes involving money laundering as well as concealment of the utilization of assets, legal rights, and valuables […]

Organization of American States: Firearms Marking Equipment

(July 13, 2012) On June 25, 2012, the Organization of American States (OAS) announced that it will donate equipment to mark firearms to the Argentinean government. The equipment is to be utilized by Argentina's Ministry of Security in combating illicit trafficking in firearms. (Press Release, OAS, OEA donará máquina de marcaje de armas de fuego […]

Germany: Regional Court Ruling Criminalizes Circumcision of Young Boys

(July 3, 2012) According to a decision handed down by the Cologne regional court (Landgericht Köln) on June 26, 2012, circumcision of young boys is a criminal act, prohibited by law, even if parents have consented to the procedure. The decision is grounded on the reasoning that such circumcisions cause “illegal bodily harm” to the […]

Netherlands: Overhaul of Rules on Review of Criminal Cases

(July 2, 2012) On June 12, 2012, the Upper House (Eerste Kamer) of the Dutch Parliament (Staten-Generaal) adopted draft legislation reforming the rules on criminal case review, which are deemed to have become obsolete and “too limited in legal practice.” (Criminal Cases Review Rules Reformation Bill Passed by the Upper House of Parliament, Government of […]

European Union: Notice of Rights for Suspects and the Accused in Criminal Proceedings

(June 27, 2012) On June 1, 2012, Directive 2012/13/EU on the Right to Information in Criminal Proceedings entered into force. (2012 OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (142/1) (May 22, 2012), EUR-LEX.) Directive 2012/13/EU establishes rules pertaining to the right to information about the procedural rights of accused persons and suspects in criminal proceedings, irrespective […]

Japan: Two Laws Adopted to Improve Use of Autopsies

(June 25, 2012) Among corpses handled by police in 2011, only 11%were autopsied. This number is much lower than that of most of developed countries, except for the United States. (Cabinet Committee, House of Representatives, Minutes No. 7 of 180th Diet Session (May 18, 2012).) In King County, Washington State, in the United States, for […]

Georgia: Jurors in Tbilisi Court Pronounce Guilty Verdicts

(June 21, 2012) On June 15, 2012, a guilty verdict was pronounced by jurors in a case of premeditated murder tried in Tbilisi City Court. (Davit Rusishvili to Be Sent to 21-Year Imprisonment, RUSTAVI 2 TV CHANNEL (June 15, 2012).) This appears to be the third case resolved by jurors since jury trials were introduced […]