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Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Extradition of Colombian Drug Trafficker to United States

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 13, 2008, the Federal Supreme Court (FSC) of Brazil authorized the extradition of Colombian national Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, who is considered by the Brazilian Federal Police to be one of the biggest drug traffickers in the world. The request for Abadia's extradition was made by the Government of the […]

France: Security Measure Against Violent Offenders

(Apr. 2, 2008) A French law of February 25, 2008, provides, in exceptional cases, for keeping certain categories of violent offenders in specialized detention centers after the offenders have served their sentences if they are still deemed to pose a public threat and there is a high probability that they will relapse. The law applies […]

Japan: Videotaping Questioning of Suspects

(Apr. 2, 2008) It has sometimes been argued in court proceedings that police officers or public prosecutors forced or led certain contents of written declarations of suspects. In Japan, police officers or public prosecutors draft written declarations of suspects while questioning them and suspects sign the declarations. To prove that a suspect voluntarily stated the […]

Kazakhstan: Judicial Authorization of Arrests Required

(Apr. 2, 2008) On February 21, 2008, the legislature of Kazakhstan amended the nation's Code of Criminal Procedure and the Law on the Prosecutor's Office in regard to the application of preventive punishment in the form of arrest. According to the newly introduced procedure, when choosing arrest as a preventive measure, an investigator is supposed […]

Iran: New Law Punishes Illegal Audiovisual Activities

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Iranian Islamic House (Majlisi Showra'i Islami Iran) passed a law on January 16, 2008, on the punishment of those involved in illegal audiovisual activities. According to article 1 of the law, any legal entity or individual that engages in introducing illegal audiovisual products as legal or undermines the rights of the […]

Japan: Victims to Receive Money Deposited by Criminals

(Mar. 2, 2008) New legislation, the Law Concerning the Distribution in Payments to Victims of Crime-Related Deposits in Financial Institutions, was promulgated in Japan on December 21, 2007. This Law facilitates financial institutions' freezing of accounts in which funds were deposited by victims because of fraud, deception, or coercion. Financial institutions can distribute the money […]

Mozambique: Government Inefficiency Leads to Increase in Lynching

(Mar. 2, 2008) Tired of the government inefficiency in the fight against crime, the population of Beira, the second largest city in Mozambique, is taking justice into its own hands and lynching people allegedly guilty of committing crimes, including robbery and murder. That is the conclusion reached by analysts after seven people have been beaten […]

Russia: Bailiffs Now Have Housebreaking Right

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of property evaluation, even if the residents are absent. A written order issued by the chief of […]

Netherlands: Efficiency of Drugs Policy Under Scrutiny

(Mar. 2, 2008) For three decades, the Netherlands has had a tolerant policy towards drugs, having decided in the mid 1970s to distinguish between cannabis and hard drugs, "which no other country does officially." According to Bert Bieleman of the Intraval Research Bureau, "[t]he Dutch drugs policy seems reasonably successful in comparison with that of […]

Brazil: Judges Will Have to Make Monthly Inspections in Penitentiaries

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 18, 2007, the Brazilian National Council of Justice issued a resolution (Resolução No. 47 de 18 de Dezembro de 1007) determining that the judges responsible for the execution of criminal sentences (juízes de execução criminal) will have to make monthly personal inspections in the penitentiaries under their jurisdiction. According to […]