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Australia; China; France: Extradition Treaties

(May 2, 2008) On April 24, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (PRC) ratified extradition treaties with France and Australia. Each treaty has 23 articles. The treaties cover, among other matters, extradition obligations, extraditable offenses, reasons that can be used and reasons that should be used […]

Lebanon: Government Justifies Detention of Officers

(May 2, 2008) On April 15, 2008, the Lebanese government asserted that the arrest of four high-ranking military officers in connection with the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri is legal under Lebanese and international law. The assertion came in response to criticism of the government by the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights […]

Saudi Arabia: Rights of the Accused

(May 2, 2008) The National Association for Human Rights in Saudi Arabia published a booklet in Arabic titled Know Your Rights, to inform people of their rights guaranteed under the Criminal Procedure Law issued by a royal decree on August 22, 2006. The booklet refers to 39 legal rights that an accused has in cases […]

Pakistan: Death Sentence for Cyber Crimes

(Apr. 2, 2008) The death sentence may be awarded under Pakistan's new Cyber Crimes Ordinance, 2007, which took effect on December 31, 2007. Crimes set forth in the Ordinance include serious cyber crimes, such as damaging nuclear assets by hacking; cyber terrorism; and swindling and commission of other offenses through cellular phones. A cyber crimes […]

Switzerland: Crime Victim Compensation

(Apr. 2, 2008) On April 8, 2008, Switzerland promulgated an Act on Crime Victim Compensation (Opferhilfegesetz, Mar. 23, 2007, AMTLICHE SAMMLUNG (AS) 1607 (2008)) that will become effective on January 1, 2009. The Act replaces the former Crime Victim Compensation Act of October 4, 1991 (AS 2465 (1992)) and contains some reforms. In particular, the […]

Brazil: Federal Supreme Court Authorizes Extradition of Colombian Drug Trafficker to United States

(Apr. 2, 2008) On March 13, 2008, the Federal Supreme Court (FSC) of Brazil authorized the extradition of Colombian national Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia, who is considered by the Brazilian Federal Police to be one of the biggest drug traffickers in the world. The request for Abadia's extradition was made by the Government of the […]

France: Security Measure Against Violent Offenders

(Apr. 2, 2008) A French law of February 25, 2008, provides, in exceptional cases, for keeping certain categories of violent offenders in specialized detention centers after the offenders have served their sentences if they are still deemed to pose a public threat and there is a high probability that they will relapse. The law applies […]

Japan: Videotaping Questioning of Suspects

(Apr. 2, 2008) It has sometimes been argued in court proceedings that police officers or public prosecutors forced or led certain contents of written declarations of suspects. In Japan, police officers or public prosecutors draft written declarations of suspects while questioning them and suspects sign the declarations. To prove that a suspect voluntarily stated the […]

Kazakhstan: Judicial Authorization of Arrests Required

(Apr. 2, 2008) On February 21, 2008, the legislature of Kazakhstan amended the nation's Code of Criminal Procedure and the Law on the Prosecutor's Office in regard to the application of preventive punishment in the form of arrest. According to the newly introduced procedure, when choosing arrest as a preventive measure, an investigator is supposed […]

Iran: New Law Punishes Illegal Audiovisual Activities

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Iranian Islamic House (Majlisi Showra'i Islami Iran) passed a law on January 16, 2008, on the punishment of those involved in illegal audiovisual activities. According to article 1 of the law, any legal entity or individual that engages in introducing illegal audiovisual products as legal or undermines the rights of the […]