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Italy: Public Security

(Oct. 22, 2008) On July 24, 2008, the Italian Parliament converted into Law 125 of 2008 the Decree-Law 92 of May 23, 2008, on Urgent Matters of Public Security. The conversion includes amendments to the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. Highlights of the changes are as follows. Amendments to the Criminal Code […]

Peru: Crimes Against Copyright and Against the Environment

(Oct. 22, 2008) On October 1, 2008, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law 29263, which amends several articles of the Criminal Code as well as several articles of the General Law on the Environment. The amended articles of the Criminal Code are on copyright. They deal with penalties for the reproduction, publication, distribution, […]

Mongolia: Trials Underway for Those Arrested in Riots

(Oct. 14, 2008) Courts in Mongolia have started to hear the cases of the 182 people charged with crimes in connection with July 1, 2008, riots in the country's capital city, Ulaanbaatar. The disorder had followed allegations of election fraud. Four district courts are trying 26 cases, covering 115 of the defendants. In one case […]

China: Draft Amendment of the Criminal Law

(Oct. 6, 2008) On August 29, 2008, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress conducted the first reading of Amendment Seven of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft). Amendment Six of the Law was promulgated and effective on June 29, 2006. The 12 provisions set forth in the draft Amendment […]

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Nine Convicted of Conspiracy

(Oct. 6, 2008) On September 30, 2008, a court in Matadj County, in the western part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, sentenced nine people convicted of criminal conspiracy, taking part in a movement, and rebellion. Four others were acquitted. The nine were followers of the Bundu Dia Kongo sect, a political and religious […]

France; Gabon: Gabonese President Ordered to Pay Restitution

(Oct. 6, 2008) On September 29, 2008, a court of appeal in Bordeaux, France, confirmed a June 2007 ruling ordering Omar Bongo, the President of Gabon, to return €457,347 (about US$654,000) to the son of a French company director. This ruling is enforceable even if a further appeal is initiated. The company director, Rene Cardona, […]

Moldova: Prison Term for Begging

(Oct. 2, 2008) On September 26, 2008, the Parliament of Moldova adopted amendments to the nation's Criminal Code that make begging and other related activities a felony. Under the new provisions, those who organize begging will be imprisoned for a period of up to five years upon conviction and fined up to US$2,000. The punishment […]

Iraq: U.S. Forces and the Iraqi Government Succeed in Implementing the General Amnesty Law

(Sept. 25, 2008) Since the enactment of the General Amnesty Law on March 3, 2008, by the Iraqi Parliament, the United States forces in Iraq began the process of releasing Iraqis being detained in Camp Cropper (a detention site in Baghdad for high-profile detainees)and Camp Bucca (a holding facility in southern Iraq). As part of […]

Italy: Investigation of the Mafia Phenomenon

(Sept. 16, 2008) The Italian Parliament promulgated Law No. 132 on August 4, 2008, creating a parliamentary commission to investigate “the Mafia phenomenon” and other criminal associations, including those involving foreigners. The Law assigns to the commission the functions of: • verifying the implementation and relevance of specified legal provisions concerning the Mafia and other […]

Mexico: Historic Anti-Crime Agreement Signed

(Sept. 10, 2008) Representatives of the three branches of the Mexican government, the 31 state governors, the mayor of Mexico City, labor union representatives, church representatives, business representatives, and leaders of civil organizations and the media, signed the National Security, Justice and Legality Agreement at the National Palace on August 21, 2008. The Agreement is […]