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Iran: New Law Punishes Illegal Audiovisual Activities

(Mar. 2, 2008) The Iranian Islamic House (Majlisi Showra'i Islami Iran) passed a law on January 16, 2008, on the punishment of those involved in illegal audiovisual activities. According to article 1 of the law, any legal entity or individual that engages in introducing illegal audiovisual products as legal or undermines the rights of the […]

Japan: Victims to Receive Money Deposited by Criminals

(Mar. 2, 2008) New legislation, the Law Concerning the Distribution in Payments to Victims of Crime-Related Deposits in Financial Institutions, was promulgated in Japan on December 21, 2007. This Law facilitates financial institutions' freezing of accounts in which funds were deposited by victims because of fraud, deception, or coercion. Financial institutions can distribute the money […]

Mozambique: Government Inefficiency Leads to Increase in Lynching

(Mar. 2, 2008) Tired of the government inefficiency in the fight against crime, the population of Beira, the second largest city in Mozambique, is taking justice into its own hands and lynching people allegedly guilty of committing crimes, including robbery and murder. That is the conclusion reached by analysts after seven people have been beaten […]

Russia: Bailiffs Now Have Housebreaking Right

(Mar. 2, 2008) On February 1, 2008, an amended version of the Federal Law on Execution of Judgments of the Russian Federation entered into force. The newly passed amendments allow bailiffs to enter private residences with the purpose of property evaluation, even if the residents are absent. A written order issued by the chief of […]

Netherlands: Efficiency of Drugs Policy Under Scrutiny

(Mar. 2, 2008) For three decades, the Netherlands has had a tolerant policy towards drugs, having decided in the mid 1970s to distinguish between cannabis and hard drugs, "which no other country does officially." According to Bert Bieleman of the Intraval Research Bureau, "[t]he Dutch drugs policy seems reasonably successful in comparison with that of […]

Brazil: Judges Will Have to Make Monthly Inspections in Penitentiaries

(Feb. 2, 2008) On December 18, 2007, the Brazilian National Council of Justice issued a resolution (Resolução No. 47 de 18 de Dezembro de 1007) determining that the judges responsible for the execution of criminal sentences (juízes de execução criminal) will have to make monthly personal inspections in the penitentiaries under their jurisdiction. According to […]

Egypt: Police Officers Jailed for Parading Detainee

(Feb. 2, 2008) On January 5, 2008, an Egyptian court sentenced a police major, Yousri Ahmed Issa, to five years in prison and two police officers to one year each for parading a male detainee up and down a street after forcing him to wear women's underwear. A judicial official said Issa arrested the detainee […]

Germany: Sentencing

(Feb. 2, 2008) On August 23, 2007, the Third Criminal Panel of the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof) proposed a sentencing decision to the Court's Great Panel for Criminal Matters, a procedure that is employed when a decision would constitute a significant departure from existing case law (Docket No. 3 StR 50/07, http://juris.bundesgerichtshof.de/cgi-bin/rechtsprechung/document.py?Gericht=bgh&Art=en&sid=47566001b6dd70533b8bba929dda2739&nr=41098&pos=0&anz=1(last visited […]

India: Anticipatory Bail and Proposed Change in Criminal Procedure Law

(Feb. 2, 2008) In criminal cases in India, an accused may petition a court to grant bail in anticipation of an arrest by the police on the basis of registration of a complaint against him. However, the law requires the petitioner to be present in court at the hearing of the petition so that the […]

Ireland: New Minimum Sentences for Certain Drug Offenses

(Feb. 2, 2008) The Government of Ireland has passed legislation creating stiff new penalties for drug trafficking. Under the new law, persons convicted of dealing in drugs having a value in excess of €13,000 (approximately US$19,240) must be sentenced to at least ten years' imprisonment, except in certain special cases, and they may be sentenced […]