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Italy: Repeal of Capital Punishment

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 2, 2007 the Italian Parliament approved Constitutional Law no.1, which amends article 27 of the Constitution, concerning the repeal of capital punishment. The previous reading of the fourth paragraph of article 27 was "Capital punishment is not permitted, except in cases foreseen in the military laws of war" (unofficial translation). […]

Mali: Cabinet Abolishes Death Penalty

(Nov. 2, 2007) L'Essor, a government newspaper in Mali, reported on its Web site on October 18, 2007, that the Cabinet had passed a bill on the abolition of capital punishment, replacing it with life imprisonment. It had been a penalty that could be imposed under article 4 of the August 20, 2001, penal code. […]

Chile: Regulations of the Law Establishing a Criminal Responsibility System for Juvenile Delinquents

(Nov. 2, 2007) On 13 December 2006, the President of Chile issued Supreme Decree 1,378 approving the Regulations of Law 20,084 of 2005, which establishes a Criminal Responsibility System for Juvenile offenders. The regulations address the rights of adolescents in the Chilean criminal law system, including, among other things, their right to a treatment which […]

China: Implementation of Court Rulings

(Nov. 2, 2007) It was reported on September 26, 2007, that China's Supreme People's Court (SCP), Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP), and Ministry of Public Security (MPS) recently jointly issued the Circular on Problems Related to Seriously Investigating and Punishing Criminal Acts of Refusing to Implement Judgments or Rulings and of Violently Resisting Court Enforcement. The […]

Italy: Iraq Murder Case Against U.S. Soldier Dismissed

(Nov. 2, 2007) On October 25, 2007, an Italian trial court dismissed a criminal case against U.S. Army Specialist Mario Lozano, who was charged with the murder in Iraq of Italian intelligence agent Nicola Calipari and the attempted murder of agent Andrea Carpani and Italian journalist Giuliana Sgrena. The court cited lack of jurisdiction over […]

Mexico; United States: Memorandum of Understanding on Exchange of Criminal Information

(Nov. 2, 2007) On September 19, 2007, Mexico and the United States signed a memorandum of understanding to collaborate in areas of training and exchange of information on criminal matters and experience in oral trials. The memorandum was signed by American prosecutors Gary King and Lawrence Wasden from New Mexico and Idaho, respectively, and by […]

Brazil: Congress Analyzes Changes to Code of Criminal Procedure

(Nov. 2, 2007) The Commission of Constitution, Justice and Citizenship of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a proposed law amending the Code of Criminal Procedure. The proposed law is part of a body of proposals previously sent in 2001 to the National Congress by the Brazilian Presidency. Among the many changes to the Code, […]