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Brazil: City of Rio de Janeiro Enacts Decree Allowing Compulsory Hospitalization for Drug Users and Homeless Persons

(Aug. 21, 2019) On August 5, 2019, the city of Rio de Janeiro published Decree No. 46,314, which enables compulsory hospitalization for drug users and homeless persons. Decree No. 46,314 supplements Federal Law No. 11,343 of August 23, 2006, which establishes the National System of Public Policy on Drugs; prescribes measures to prevent drug abuse […]

Italy: Mandatory Confiscation in Security Violation Ruled Unconstitutional

(Aug. 16, 2019) On March 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional article 187-sexies of Legislative Decree No. 58 of 1998, which provides for the mandatory confiscation of the proceeds of an insider trading offense and the instruments used to commit it. (Decision No. 112 of March 6, 2019 (the Decision) (in Italian).) Background […]

Israel: New Categories of Killing Offenses Go into Effect

(Aug. 9, 2019) On July 10, 2019, new penal law categories of offenses causing death went into effect, replacing the former categories that previously applied. (Penal Law (Amendment No. 137), 5779-2019, Sefer HaHukim [SH] 5779 No. 2779 p. 230 (Amendment Law), amending Penal Law, 5733-1977, SH 5733 No. 864 p. 226, as amended, as applied […]

Israel: Court Blocks Access to 1,700 Pedophilia Websites

(Aug. 8, 2019) On June 17, 2019, the Tel Aviv District Court issued a decision requiring internet access providers to prevent their users from accessing internet sites involved in publication of pedophilic photos and videos that had been accessible to all internet users in Israel. An order issued in accordance with the decision requires blockage […]

European Union: New Rules to Fight Crimes Against the EU’s Budget Take Effect

(Aug. 7, 2019) On July 6, 2019, Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the Fight Against Fraud to the Union’s Financial Interests by Means of Criminal Law (PIF Directive) took effect. The PIF Directive is part of the European Commission’s Anti-Fraud Strategy to strengthen the […]

Afghanistan: Ministry of Mines and Petroleum Launches Campaign to Stop Illegal Extraction of Mineral Resources

(July 26, 2019) On June 19, 2019, Afghanistan’s Acting Minister of the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MOMP), Narges Nehan, announced that the Ministry had begun a country-wide survey to identify and ban the illegal extraction of major metals and mineral resources, whose value, according to the Afghanistan Geological Survey, is estimated to be worth […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Refuses Chinese Extradition Request

(July 23, 2019) On July 9, 2019, the Swedish Supreme Court issued a judgment declining to extradite a Chinese man to China because he risked political persecution there. (Press Release, Högsta Domstolen, Extradition to China Is Refused (July 7, 2019), Supreme Court website; Högsta domstolens beslut [Supreme Court Decision], Mål nr [Case No.] Ö 2479-19 […]

Israel: Knesset Passes Amendment Law Recognizing Role of National Cyber Directorate in Protecting Cyberspace

(July 22, 2019) On December 27, 2018, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed an Amendment Law that gives a statutory basis to the unification of the Cyber National Bureau and the National Cyber Security Authority into the Israel National Cyber Directorate (INCD), which operates directly under the Prime Minister. (Law for the Regulation of Security in […]

Sweden: Supreme Court Defines Negligent Rape

(July 17, 2019) On July 11, 2019, Sweden’s Supreme Court issued its first judgment in relation to the country’s amended rape legislation, finding that a defendant had been negligent in having intercourse with a woman for not being sure that she was participating freely. (Högsta Domstolen [Supreme Court], Case No. B 1200-19 (July 11, 2019).) […]