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Germany: Court Holds That Bitcoin Trading Does Not Require a Banking License

(Oct. 19, 2018) On September 29, 2018, the Higher Regional Court of Berlin (Kammergericht Berlin, KG Berlin) held that trading in Bitcoin does not require a banking license because Bitcoin is not a financial instrument, in particular, not a unit of account, within the meaning of the German Banking Act. The defendant was therefore not […]

Egypt: President Ratifies Anti-Cybercrime Law

(Oct. 5, 2018) In August 2018, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ratified Law No. 175 of 2018, the “Anti-Cyber and Information Technology Crimes” law. (Law No. 175 of 2018, AL-JARIDAH AL- RASMIYAH [OFFICIAL GAZETTE], vol. 32 (bis) (c), 14 Aug. 2018 (in Arabic).) The newly enacted law, published in the Official Gazette on August 19, […]

Egypt: First Lady Melania Trump Visiting Egypt to Promote Child Welfare Campaign

(Oct. 2, 2018) On October 1, 2018, First Lady Melania Trump embarked on a visit of four African countries, including Egypt, with the purpose of promoting her “Be Best” child welfare campaign. The campaign focuses on the protection of children’s rights and welfare. (Melania Trump Departs America to Visit Egypt, VETOGATE (Oct. 1, 2018) (in […]

Italy: Right to Strike in Essential Public Services

(Oct. 2, 2018) On July 27, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision incidentally on the constitutional legitimacy of the right to strike by certain government employees (in this case, public defenders) providing essential public services. (Decision No. 180 of July 27, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure (the Decision), […]

Japan: Law to Establish Casino Resorts Enacted

(Sept. 20, 2018) The Act on Development of Specified Complex Tourist Facilities Areas was enacted in Japan in July 2017. (Integrated Resort Development Act, Act No. 80 of 2018, KANPOU [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] Extra ed. No. 166 (July 27, 2018), at 18, National Printing Bureau website (in Japanese).) This Act corresponds to the Act on Promotion […]

Liechtenstein: Government Adopts Consultation Report on Draft Blockchain Act

(Sept. 20, 2018) On August 28, 2018, the government of Liechtenstein adopted a consultation report on a proposed Blockchain Act. The goal of the Blockchain Act is to take advantage of the potential of blockchain technology, create legal certainty for market participants, protect users of blockchain technology from potential abuse, and reduce potential reputation risks […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Rules on Constitutionality of Prison Benefits Provisions

(Sept. 17, 2018) On July 11, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court issued a decision on the constitutional legitimacy of article 58-quater of Law No. 354 of 1975 regarding prison benefits for persons sentenced to life imprisonment for certain crimes. (Decision No. 149 of July 11, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure […]

Egypt: Female Tourist Convicted of Spreading False Rumors That Damage Country’s Reputation

(Sept. 12, 2018) In July 2018, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court found a Lebanese female tourist, Mona el-Mazbouh, guilty of deliberately spreading false rumors against Egypt that damage the country’s reputation. The court had initially sentenced the defendant to 11 years in prison before reducing the sentence later on the same day to eight years of […]

United Kingdom: Cliff Richard Wins Privacy Case Against BBC and South Yorkshire Police

(Sept. 11, 2018) On July 18, 2018, Sir Cliff Richard OBE was awarded £210,000 (about US$270,360) in general damages after the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was held liable for infringing his privacy rights over the filming and broadcast of a search of his UK property by South Yorkshire Police (SYP) in relation to allegations of […]