Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

European Parliament: Stricter Rules on Toy Safety

(Nov. 14, 2008) On November 5, 2008, the Internal Market Committee of the European Parliament voted unanimously on a new directive that establishes stricter criteria on toy safety and prohibits the use in toys of certain dangerous substances, such as mercury and lead. Imports from countries outside the EU are subject to the same requirements. […]

Italy: Lawsuit Seeks to End Large Lottery Payoff

(Oct. 23, 2008) Codacons, a consumer rights organization in Italy, has filed suit against the Italian lottery, with the goal of having the current large jackpot divided into several smaller pots for separate lotteries. No date has yet been set for the hearing. No one has won the Italian lottery prize since April 2008, and […]

Bhutan: Consumer Protection

(May 2, 2008) It was reported on April 14, 2008, that Bhutan's Department of Trade (DOT) has drafted a consumer protection bill. Efforts to develop consumer awareness date back to 1999, when consumer education research officials from India had first conducted a workshop in Bhutan on consumer protection. According to DOT Director Sonam P Wangdi, […]

Israel: Consumer Protection

(May 2, 2008) On April 2, 2008, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Consumer Protection Law, 5741-1981. The amendment prevents an automatic extension of contractual relations between consumers and providers. It requires full awareness of the contractual time period and the expressed consent on the part of the consumer for its extension. […]

Taiwan: Consumer Insolvency Proceedings Law Takes Effect

(May 2, 2008) On April 11, 2008, the Statute on Consumer Insolvency Proceedings took effect in Taiwan; the law was promulgated on July 11, 2007. Its four chapters, in 159 articles, cover general provisions, rebirth, liquidation, and supplementary provisions. The aim of the measures is to protect debtors who are unable to pay off their […]

Germany: Reform of Law on Insurance Contracts

(Apr. 2, 2008) A major reform of the German laws governing insurance contracts was enacted on November 23, 2007 (Gesetz zur Reform des Versicherungsvertragsrechts, BUNDESGESETZBLATT I at 2631). It aims primarily at increasing consumer rights and providing more transparency of the contractual terms. The reform affects virtually all branches of contractual insurance except for health […]

Japan: Executives Responsible for Damage Caused by Concealing Use of Unauthorized Food Additive

(Apr. 2, 2008) Shareholders of a Japanese company recently sued the company's former president and directors, alleging that they caused damage to the company by concealing the use of an unauthorized food additive for pork buns and continuing to sell the inventory of buns containing the additive. The company was blackmailed by a person who […]

Austria: Consumer Protection

(Feb. 2, 2008) On November 13, 2007, Austria enacted a major reform of its Act Against Unfair Competition (UWG-Novelle 2007, BUNDESGESETZBLATT no. 79/2007), which implements the European Union Directive 2005/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Concerning Unfair Business-to-Consumer Commercial Practices (2005 OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (L 149) [May 11, 2005]). […]

Sri Lanka: Rice Designated Essential Commodity

(Feb. 2, 2008) On January 23, 2008, the Sri Lankan government designated rice an "essential commodity" in accordance with provisions of the Consumer Protection Act. The move, which will allow the authorities to take actions against any traders who hoard and hide rice, follows reports that rice stocks were being withheld from the market by […]

Russia: New Consumer Protection Law

(Jan. 2, 2008) On December 10, 2007, newly adopted amendments to the Russian Consumer Protection Law entered into force. The Law includes provisions aimed at introducing the right of a consumer to return an item of inferior quality to the seller and obtain a full refund. The right to almost unlimited return is expanded to […]