Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

European Union: New Toy Safety Rules Enter into Force

(July 28, 2011) On July 20, 2011, Directive 2009/48/EC on the Safety of Toys, which repeals Directive 88/368/EEC on toy safety rules, entered into force in the European Union. (Directive 2009/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the Safety of Toys, OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (L […]

Australia: New National Consumer Law Comes into Force

(Jan. 6, 2011) On January 1, 2011, the Australian Consumer Law, which is incorporated in the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (previously called the Trade Practices Act 1974), came into effect. This Law “brings together a number of national, state and territory consumer protection laws to ensure consistency in the rights of consumers regardless of […]

European Union: New Labeling Rules and EU Organic Logo Adopted

(July 9, 2010) July 1, 2010, marked the entrance into force of new rules adopted by the European Union on organic food labeling, along with the mandatory display of a new organic logo, the “Euro-leaf.” The new logo, which displays the stars derived from the EU flag in the shape of a leaf against a […]

Japan: Catalog/Online Shopping and Door-to-Door Sales Regulation Enhanced

(Nov. 27, 2009) The 2008 amendment of Japan's Act on Specified Commercial Transactions (Act No. 57 of 1976, as amended by Act No. 74 of 2008) will be fully effective on December 1, 2009. The Consumer Affairs Agency is publicizing the amendment. Among other changes, adopted in regard to such matters as e-mail advertisement and […]

European Union: Introduction of Stricter Requirements for Nursery Products

(Oct. 23, 2009) On October 21, 2009, the European Commission took measures to ensure that the youngest consumers across the European Union (EU) enjoy safe nursery products, including sleeping bags, crib mattresses, and duvets. The proposed new rules are designed to eliminate the risk of death or injury due to loose parts, entrapment from bad […]

South Africa: Consumer Protection Law to Allow Preemptive Blocking of Telemarketers

(July 27, 2009) It was reported on July 15, 2009, that a new South African consumer protection law, already passed by parliament and signed into law by the President of the country but not in effect until April 29 of 2010, will provide tools for consumers to reject unwanted sales solicitations by traders and to […]

Canada: New Consumer Product Safety Act Proposed

(Feb. 23, 2009) Canada's Conservative government recently introduced a bill in the House of Commons to create a Canada Consumer Product Safety Act to replace extant legislation that has not been thoroughly reviewed in over 40 years. (Bill C-6, 40th Parl. 2d Sess., available at http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=3633883&Language=e&Mode=1 (last visited Feb. 13, 2009).) The key provisions of […]

South Africa: Product Recall Law

(Jan. 28, 2009) It was reported on January 22, 2009, that a consumer protection bill, which seeks to impose strict liability on suppliers of goods for any damage caused by goods that they distribute, is under consideration by the South African Parliament. Under this bill, claimants are only expected to prove a causal link between […]

European Parliament: Stricter Rules on Toy Safety

(Nov. 14, 2008) On November 5, 2008, the Internal Market Committee of the European Parliament voted unanimously on a new directive that establishes stricter criteria on toy safety and prohibits the use in toys of certain dangerous substances, such as mercury and lead. Imports from countries outside the EU are subject to the same requirements. […]

Italy: Lawsuit Seeks to End Large Lottery Payoff

(Oct. 23, 2008) Codacons, a consumer rights organization in Italy, has filed suit against the Italian lottery, with the goal of having the current large jackpot divided into several smaller pots for separate lotteries. No date has yet been set for the hearing. No one has won the Italian lottery prize since April 2008, and […]