Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

European Court of Justice/Sweden: Invalidation of Data Retention Obligations

(Jan. 19, 2017) On December 21, 2016, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered a judgment striking down Sweden’s Data Retention Act as inconsistent with provisions of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. (Joined Cases C-203/15 & C-698/15, Tele 2, Sverige AB v Post-och Telestyrelsen and Secretary of State for the Home Department […]

Turkey: Three New Decree-Laws Issued Under State of Emergency

(Jan. 11, 2017) Three new decree-laws pursuant to Turkey’s state of emergency were published in the country’s official gazette on January 6, 2017.  Decree-Law 679 provides for additional dismissals of thousands of civil servants, police officers, armed forces personnel, and university professors and staff; at the same time, over 200 individuals who had been dismissed […]

Egypt: New Council to Regulate and Supervise Media Outlets

(Jan. 10, 2017) On December 24, 2016, the President of the Arab Republic of Egypt issued Law No. 92 of 2016 on the Institutional Organization of the Press and the Media (OFFICIAL GAZETTE, No. 51 bis (Dec. 24, 2016), available at VETO GATE (in Arabic)). The Law provides for the establishment of the Supreme Council […]

Brazil: New Law Taxes Online Audio and Video Streaming Services

(Jan. 10, 2017) A complementary law enacted on December 29, 2016, by the Brazilian federal government amended the services tax law (Imposto sobre Serviços de Qualquer Natureza, ISS, Lei Complementar No. 116, de 31 de Julho de 2003, PLANALTO) to allow for the taxation of online audio and video streaming services at a minimum rate […]

United Kingdom: Surveillance Activity by UK Intelligence Agencies Ruled Unlawful

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Tribunal ruled on October 17, 2016, that the British Intelligence Agencies unlawfully collected the confidential personal data of British citizens in bulk for 17 years, from 1998 to 2015, when the activities were publicly acknowledged.  (Privacy International v. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, [2016] UKIPTrib 15_110-CH.) The ruling was […]

United Kingdom: Controversial Surveillance Act Receives Royal Assent

(Dec. 8, 2016) The Investigatory Powers Act, which has been under consideration for the past year and in various forms for the past few years, was recently enacted into law when it received Royal Assent.  It was introduced in draft form in autumn of 2015 (Draft Investigatory Powers Bill 2015, 2015-16 Cm. 9152, GOV.UK), as […]

Bahrain: Lawyer Charged with Insulting Government

(Dec. 7, 2016) On November 10, 2016, public prosecutors in Bahrain brought three charges against Mohamed al-Tajer, an attorney and human rights activist.  The charges are insulting government institutions, inciting hatred against a religious group, and misusing telecommunications. (Bahrain: Human Rights Lawyer Charged, Human Rights Watch website (Dec. 1, 2016).)  These charges are based on […]

Tanzania: New Law on Media Services

(Nov. 15, 2016) Tanzania’s legislature passed the Media Services Act, 2016, on November 5, 2016. (Tanzania: MPs Endorse Media Services Bill, ALL AFRICA (Nov. 6, 2016).) The text had been published as a bill in the country’s Gazette on August 26. (Media Services Act, 2016, 97 GAZETTE OF THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA (Aug. 26, […]

Madagascar: Controversial Mass Media Code Approved

(Sept. 9, 2016) A draft law on a Code of Media Communication was adopted by Madagascar’s Senate and National Assembly on July 13, 2016, and July 14, 2016, respectively. (Loi no 2016-029 portant Code de la Communication Médiatisée [Law 2016-029 Establishing the Code of Media Communication] (Code de la Communication Médiatisée), National Assembly website (July […]

Russia: New Electronic Surveillance Rules

(July 18, 2016) On July 6, 2016, the President of the Russian Federation signed the recently adopted Federal Law No. 374 on Amending the Federal Law on Counterterrorism and Select Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Concerning the Creation of Additional Measures Aimed at Countering Terrorism and Protecting Public Safety (Federal Law No. 374, PRAVO.GOV.RU […]