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Sri Lanka: Decision to Ratify Amendment to Montreal Protocol

(Oct. 25, 2017) It was reported on October 11, 2017, that the Government of Sri Lanka intends to ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.  (Sri Lanka to Ratify Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Hydrofluorocarbons (HGC) Phase-down, COLOMBO PAGE (Oct. 11, 2017).)  The Montreal Protocol […]

Iran: Law to Protect Wetlands

(July 10, 2017) In an effort to counteract the combined effects of climate change, water crises, and human activities that have turned Iran’s once-thriving wetlands into sources of dust and sand storms, the Iranian Parliament has passed the Law to Protect, Restore, and Manage the Country’s Wetlands (Wetlands Protection Law). (Law on Wetlands Protection Ready, […]

European Union: Ratification of Treaty of Paris on Climate Change

(Oct. 12, 2016) On October 4, 2016, the European Parliament (EP) ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change. The majority of the Members of the EP, 610, voted in favor of ratification, with 38 against and 31 abstentions.  (Aline Robert, MEPs Vote to Ratify Paris Agreement, EURACTIV (Oct. 4, 2016); The Paris Agreement, United Nations […]

Peru: Paris Accord on Climate Change Ratified

(Sept. 2, 2016) On July 21, 2016, Peru ratified the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, adopted in Paris, France, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (Ratifican el Acuerdo de París [Ratification of the Paris Agreement], EL PERUANO (July 25, 2016); Paris Agreement (Dec. 12, 2015), UNFCCC website.) On July 25, 2016, Peru deposited […]

International: Paris Agreement Parties to Consider Human Rights Issues

(May 20, 2016) The parties that signed the 2015 Framework Convention on Climate Change, popularly called the Paris Agreement, are meeting from May 16 to May 25, 2016, in Bonn, Germany, to consider the human rights implications of aspects of the climate change plan. (Adoption of the Paris Agreement, FCCC/CP/2015/L.9, United Nations website (Dec. 12, […]

Italy: Comprehensive Legislation on the “Green Economy”

(Feb. 24, 2016) On December 28, 2015, Italy passed historic and wide-ranging legislation for the promotion of the “green economy.” Law No. 221 entered into effect on February 2, 2016.  (Law No. 221 of December 28, 2015, Provisions on the Environment to Promote the Green Economy and to Restrict the Excessive Use of Natural Resources […]

European Union: The Netherlands in Charge of EU Presidency

(Jan. 29, 2016) On January 1, 2016, the Netherlands took over the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union and will be in charge of the Council agenda for the next six months. (The Netherlands and the EU Presidency, Netherlands EU Presidency 2016 website (last visited Jan. 29, 2016).)  The 2009 Lisbon EU […]

Portugal: Active Participation in EU Agreement on Climate and Energy

(Oct. 30, 2014) The Portuguese Minister of Environment, Territory Order, and Energy was quoted as saying that the agreement on Climate and Energy 2030 (reached at the European Council meeting of October 23-24, 2014) had the active participation of the Portuguese Prime Minister and is of the utmost importance, given that the European Union will […]

Cape Verde; Portugal: Signature of Protocol on Sustainable Energy

(Sept. 25, 2014) Portugal and Cape Verde signed a protocol in the area of sustainable energy on September 23, 2014, during the United Nations Summit on Climate Change in New York. The protocol aims to strengthen recovery in the context of sustainable energy. It was also signed by Luxembourg, Spain, and Austria. (Press Release, Ministério […]

Australia: Government Releases Climate Change Policy Details

(Apr. 29, 2014) On April 24, 2014, the Australian federal government released the Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper, which provides information on the design of the fund that is to be the central element of the government’s climate change policy. (Press Release, Hon. Greg Hunt MP, Emissions Reduction Fund White Paper Released (Apr. 24, 2014).) […]