Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Sweden: School Inspectorate Says School Uniforms Are Human Rights Violation

(Feb. 1, 2018) On December 4, 2017, the Swedish Schools Inspectorate declared school uniforms a violation of students’ human rights. (Skolinspektionen [Swedish Schools Inspectorate], Dnr 401-2017:7883, Dec. 4, 2017.) The Swedish School Inspectorate had decided to inspect the Nordic International School, an independent school in the city of Norrköping. Four thousand of Sweden’s 16,000 schools […]

France: Constitutional Court Strikes Down Prohibition on Accessing Terrorist Websites

(Jan. 17, 2018) On December 15, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) struck down a legislative provision prohibiting access to websites that support terrorism. (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2017-682 QPC, Dec. 15, 2017, CONSEIL CONSTITUTIONNEL.) The provision, which was part of a security law adopted in February 2017, prohibited “habitual” access to websites that supported […]

Sudan: Women Arrested for Wearing Pants Are Released

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 10, 2017, Sudanese authorities released 24 women arrested by morality police four days earlier for wearing pants at a party in the El Mamoura area of south Khartoum. (Sudanese Women Arrested ‘for Wearing Trousers’ Released, NEW ARAB (Dec. 11, 2017).) The women, who had been arrested despite obtaining a permit […]

France: Special Security Measures Declared Unconstitutional

(Dec. 20, 2017) In a decision handed down on December 1, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) examined the legality of security measures that allowed local prefects to establish special security zones within which law enforcement officers could check people’s identification papers and search their bags and vehicles without cause. (Conseil Constitutionnel [CC] Decision No. […]

China: First Step Towards Adoption of a New Civil Code

(Mar. 30, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) passed the General Provisions of the Civil Law. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Minfa Zongze [General Provisions of the Civil Law of the PRC], NPC website; General Provisions of the Civil Law, CHINA LAW TRANSLATE (Mar. 15, 2017).) […]

France: Law to Help Youth Transition to Adulthood and to Further Equality

(Mar. 20, 2017) At the end of January 2017, the French President promulgated a new law aimed at helping young people successfully transition into adulthood. (Loi n° 2017-86 du 27 janvier 2017 relative à l’égalité et à la citoyenneté [Law No. 2017-86 of 27 January 2017 Regarding Equality and Citizenship], LEGIFRANCE.) The law is organized […]

Pakistan: Sindh Provincial Assembly Passes Law to Establish Commission for Protection of Minority Rights

(Dec. 19, 2016) In what Assembly-member Nand Kumar Goklani called “a victory for the entire province,” Pakistan’s Sindh Province Assembly has unanimously adopted a private bill to establish a commission to protect the rights of religious minorities.  (Sindhi Assembly Stamps Commission for Minorities, NATION (Nov. 18, 2016).)  The Sindh Minorities Rights Commission Bill, 2015, was […]

Australia: Police Response to Aboriginal Death in Custody and Ensuing Riot Ruled Discriminatory

(Dec. 9, 2016) On December 5, 2016, the Federal Court of Australia found in favor of an Aboriginal community from Palm Island, Queensland, in a class action case involving claims that officers of the Queensland Police Service (QPS) engaged in racial discrimination in responding to a riot that took place in 2004 following the death […]

Malaysia: National Security Council Act Comes into Force

(Aug. 4, 2016) On August 1, 2016, the National Security Council Act 2016 came into force in Malaysia.  (National Security Council Act 2016 (Act 776) (NSC Act), e-Federal Gazette website (official portal); National Security Act 2016 Appointment of Date of Coming into Operation, P.U. (B) 310, FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GAZETTE (July 14, 2016), e-Federal Gazette website.)  The Act, […]

Indonesia: Proposal to Resurrect Law Against Insulting President

(Aug. 14, 2015) Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo has recently proposed reviving a provision that criminalizes insulting the president. The provision was in effect during the regime of Suharto, whose dictatorial rule lasted from 1967 to 1998, and punished public insults to the president with prison terms of up to five years. It was repealed by […]