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Canada: Quebec Court Ruling Prolongs Stay of Uncovered-Face Provision

(July 27, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the Superior Court of Quebec ruled to stay the operation of section 10 of An Act to Foster Adherence to State Religious Neutrality and, in Particular, to Provide a Framework for Requests for Accommodations on Religious Grounds in Certain Bodies. The stay allows veiled Muslim women in the […]

Brazil: National Supervisory of Justice Authorizes Transgender Persons to Change Name and Gender at Civil Registries Without Judicial Approval

(July 11, 2018) On June 28, 2018, the National Supervisory of Justice (Corregedoria Nacional de Justiça) issued Administrative Act No. 73 (Provimento CNJ No. 73, de 28 de Junho de 2018, National Supervisory of Justice website), which provides in article 1 for registering the change of name and gender in the birth and marriage records […]

Brazil: Registrar Offices Not Allowed to Record Affective Relationships Between Multiple Persons as Stable Unions

(July 5, 2018) The National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) decided by a majority of votes that registrar offices (cartórios) cannot register affective relationships between multiple persons as stable unions. The decision was made on June 26, 2018, in response to a request made in 2016 by the Association of Family Law […]

Brazil: Supreme Court Allows Satire of Political Candidates

(June 26, 2018) On June 21, 2018, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal, STF) ruled as unconstitutional provisions of the Elections Law that prevented radio and television broadcasters from running humorous programs ridiculing or lampooning candidates, political parties, and coalitions in the three months prior to an election. (Lei das Eleições, Lei No. […]

Sweden: Law Providing Compensation to Sterilized or Infertile Gender-Change Surgery Recipients Takes Effect

(May 10, 2018) On May 1, 2018, the Swedish Act on State Compensation in Certain Cases to Persons Who Have Had Their Changed Gender Verified took effect. (Lag om statlig ersättning till personer som har fått ändrad könstillhörighet fastställd i vissa fall (Svensk författningssamling [SFS] 2018:162), Sverges Riksdag [Swedish Parliament] website.) This new temporary legislation […]

Sweden: School Inspectorate Says School Uniforms Are Human Rights Violation

(Feb. 1, 2018) On December 4, 2017, the Swedish Schools Inspectorate declared school uniforms a violation of students’ human rights. (Skolinspektionen [Swedish Schools Inspectorate], Dnr 401-2017:7883, Dec. 4, 2017.) The Swedish School Inspectorate had decided to inspect the Nordic International School, an independent school in the city of Norrköping. Four thousand of Sweden’s 16,000 schools […]

France: Constitutional Court Strikes Down Prohibition on Accessing Terrorist Websites

(Jan. 17, 2018) On December 15, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) struck down a legislative provision prohibiting access to websites that support terrorism. (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2017-682 QPC, Dec. 15, 2017, CONSEIL CONSTITUTIONNEL.) The provision, which was part of a security law adopted in February 2017, prohibited “habitual” access to websites that supported […]

Sudan: Women Arrested for Wearing Pants Are Released

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 10, 2017, Sudanese authorities released 24 women arrested by morality police four days earlier for wearing pants at a party in the El Mamoura area of south Khartoum. (Sudanese Women Arrested ‘for Wearing Trousers’ Released, NEW ARAB (Dec. 11, 2017).) The women, who had been arrested despite obtaining a permit […]

France: Special Security Measures Declared Unconstitutional

(Dec. 20, 2017) In a decision handed down on December 1, 2017, France’s Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Court) examined the legality of security measures that allowed local prefects to establish special security zones within which law enforcement officers could check people’s identification papers and search their bags and vehicles without cause. (Conseil Constitutionnel [CC] Decision No. […]

China: First Step Towards Adoption of a New Civil Code

(Mar. 30, 2017) On March 15, 2017, the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) passed the General Provisions of the Civil Law. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Minfa Zongze [General Provisions of the Civil Law of the PRC], NPC website; General Provisions of the Civil Law, CHINA LAW TRANSLATE (Mar. 15, 2017).) […]