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Zimbabwe: Court Declares Law Empowering Police to Ban Public Demonstrations Indefinitely Unconstitutional

(Nov. 20, 2018) On October 18, 2018, the Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe, the highest court in the land on all constitutional matters, found unconstitutional a provision in the 2002 Public Order and Security Act (POSA) that essentially empowers local police to indefinitely ban public demonstrations in their jurisdictions.  (Carmel Richkard, A New Chapter for Human Rights […]

Ethiopia: Activists Sentenced for Inciting Violence

(Jan. 2, 2008) Two Ethiopian anti-poverty activists were recently convicted and sentenced to two–and-a-half years in prison for inciting violence in connection with the civil unrest that claimed about 190 lives in the aftermath of the Ethiopia's 2005 elections. Because the defendants have been in prison for more than two years during their trial, their […]

Bangladesh: Supreme Court Ruling on General Strikes

(Dec. 2, 2007) The Supreme Court of Bangladesh has reversed a 1999 High Court Bench ruling that violence or coercion for or against a general strike, known in Bangladesh as a "hartal," is illegal. In Bangladesh, the hartal is recognized as an instrument to articulate political demands. On February 15, 1999, a High Court Bench […]