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United Nations: Criminal Justice Measures Proposed, Prevention of Violence Against Children Stressed

(Apr. 29, 2015) The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and Public Participation (Doha Declaration) was adopted by the Thirteenth U.N. Congress on Crime and Prevention and […]

Israel: Court Rejects Request for Recognition of Contract-Based Parenthood

(Apr. 15, 2015) On April 1, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision by an extended bench of seven justices, rejected a petition by an unmarried woman with a muscle atrophy disease to adopt a child born to a surrogate mother. The child was born in Israel from a donated sperm and a donated […]

Thailand: New Surrogacy Law

(Apr. 6, 2015) On February 19, 2015, the National Legislative Assembly of Thailand enacted the Protection for Children Born Through Assisted Reproductive Technologies Act (ART Act), which will be enforced after it is published in the Royal Thai Government Gazette. (Senate Meeting Minutes (Feb. 19, 2015), Thai Senate website; text of the Act, Thai Senate […]

Israel: Prohibition of Images of Children in Election Propaganda

(Feb. 5, 2015) On January 20, 2015, the Chairman of the Central Election Committee, Supreme Court Judge Salim Joubran, issued an injunction prohibiting the dissemination of an election advertisement that included images of children. (Knesset Elections Case, No. 5/20, The Movement for Quality of Government in Israel v. Binyamin Netanyahu and the Likud Party, Central […]

Pakistan: Punjab Government Considers Anti-Child Marriage Law

(Jan. 30, 2015) On January 29, 2015, the Chairperson of the Punjab Provincial Commission on the Status of Women, while speaking at a conference on child marriages in Pakistan, stated that the Punjab Cabinet was considering several amendments to provincial-level marriage laws. According to a news report, the proposed changes include: raising the minimum age […]

United Nations: Joint Committee Call to End Harmful Practices Against Women and Children

(Nov. 13, 2014) On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states “to prevent, respond to and eliminate harmful practices, wherever and in whichever form they occur,” that affect “women and […]

Russia: HIV-Infected Individuals Cannot Adopt Children

(Nov. 6, 2014) On September 23, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the legality of the list of illnesses that prohibit individuals from adopting children, establishing guardianship, or forming a foster family. (Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Docket case AKPI 14-890 [in Russian], Supreme Court website (Sept. 23, 2014).) The List […]

Mexico: Senate Committees Approve Draft Legislation to Protect Children

(Oct. 6, 2014) Draft legislation to enhance legal protections of children by amending the General Law of the Rights of Children and Adolescents was approved unanimously on September 25, 2014, by six committees of the Federal Senate. The legislation was drafted by the Mexican Executive Branch under President Enrique Peña Nieto, but it was significantly […]

Italy: Prospective Legislation on the Election and Change of Names

(Oct. 6, 2014) The Italian Parliament is considering a bill that would amend the existing rules regarding the election of first and last names by Italian citizens. The current rules are contained in Regulations from November 2000. (Decree of the President of the Republic No. 54, of March 13, 2012, Regulations on the Amendments of […]

Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military

(Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]