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Kenya: Law on Registration of Out-of-Wedlock Children Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 27, 2016) On May 26, 2016, the Kenyan High Court found unconstitutional a provision in the Birth and Death Registration Act banning the inclusion in an out-of-wedlock child’s birth certificate of the name of the child’s putative father without his consent.  (Kids Born Out of Wedlock to Have Father’s Name in Birth Certificate – […]

Sri Lanka: Proposal to Raise Minimum Age of Criminal Liability

(May 23, 2016) It was announced on May 19, 2016, that the Cabinet of ministers of Sri Lanka has approved a proposal to amend the country’s Penal Code, to change the age of criminal responsibility. (Sri Lanka to Amend Penal Code to Increase Minimum Age for Criminal Responsibility, COLOMBO PAGE (May 19, 2016).) At present, […]

United Nations/United States: Rights Experts Criticize Conditions in Flint

(May 12, 2016) On May 3, 2016, three human rights experts from the United Nations called the contamination of the water supply in Flint, Michigan a human rights issue and called for swift action to correct the situation. They mentioned the potential long-term adverse effects on the children of the city and stated, “[t]he Flint […]

Mongolia: Legislation Prohibiting All Corporal Punishment

(May 4, 2016) The advocacy group Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children reported in March 2016 that Mongolia has passed two new laws that contain prohibitions against all corporal punishment of children. The Mongolian State Great Hural (parliament) passed the Law on Child Protection 2016 and the Law on the Rights of […]

Brazil: Registration of Babies Born from In Vitro Fertilization or Surrogacy

(Apr. 28, 2016) On March 14, 2016, Brazil’s National Internal Affairs Office (Corregedoria Nacional de Justica, CNJ) published Act No. 52,  regulating the issuance of a birth certificate for children whose parents opted for reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and “pregnancy by substitution” (barriga de aluguel), which is better known as “surrogacy.” (Provimento No. […]

Pakistan: Senate Passes Bill to Criminalize Child Sexual Abuse and Child Pornography

(Mar. 22, 2016) On March 11, 2016, the Senate, the upper house of Pakistan’s federal legislature, passed a bill that includes a number of amendments to Pakistan’s Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure. The legislation adds provisions criminalizing child sexual abuse, child pornography, and domestic human trafficking.  (Senate Passes Law Against Child Sexual Abuse, […]

Uganda: Parliament Passes Amendments to Children Act

(Mar. 17, 2016) On March 2, 2016, the 388–member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Children (Amendment) Bill, 2015, the goal of which is “to amend the Children Act, Cap. 59; enhance protection of a child; provide for the guardianship of children; provide for inter country adoption; prohibit corporal punishment and provide for related matters.”  (The Children (Amendment) […]

Brazil: National Integrated Policy for Early Childhood Approved

(Mar. 15, 2016) On March 8, 2016, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 13,257 (Lei No. 13.257, de 8 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO (Mar. 8, 2016)), which establishes principles and guidelines for the preparation and implementation of public policies for early childhood.  The policies pay special attention to the relevance of the early […]

Pakistan: Child Marriage Bill Withdrawn

(Jan. 25, 2016) On January 14, 2016, Pakistan’s National Assembly Standing Committee on Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony met to discuss the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Bill 2014.  According to a press release, the bill, which was moved by National Assembly Member Marvi Memon, was withdrawn at the end of the discussion. (Press Release, National […]

Germany: Allowing Juvenile to Stop Medical Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis Constitutes Torture

(Sept. 11, 2015) On August 4, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that letting a 12-year-old boy decide if he wants to continue treatment for the genetic disease cystic fibrosis, from which he had suffered since early childhood and for which he needed constant medical treatment, constitutes neglect of the custodian’s […]