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Uganda: Parliament Passes Amendments to Children Act

(Mar. 17, 2016) On March 2, 2016, the 388–member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Children (Amendment) Bill, 2015, the goal of which is “to amend the Children Act, Cap. 59; enhance protection of a child; provide for the guardianship of children; provide for inter country adoption; prohibit corporal punishment and provide for related matters.”  (The Children (Amendment) […]

Brazil: National Integrated Policy for Early Childhood Approved

(Mar. 15, 2016) On March 8, 2016, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 13,257 (Lei No. 13.257, de 8 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO (Mar. 8, 2016)), which establishes principles and guidelines for the preparation and implementation of public policies for early childhood.  The policies pay special attention to the relevance of the early […]

Pakistan: Child Marriage Bill Withdrawn

(Jan. 25, 2016) On January 14, 2016, Pakistan’s National Assembly Standing Committee on Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony met to discuss the Child Marriage Restraint (Amendment) Bill 2014.  According to a press release, the bill, which was moved by National Assembly Member Marvi Memon, was withdrawn at the end of the discussion. (Press Release, National […]

Germany: Allowing Juvenile to Stop Medical Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis Constitutes Torture

(Sept. 11, 2015) On August 4, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that letting a 12-year-old boy decide if he wants to continue treatment for the genetic disease cystic fibrosis, from which he had suffered since early childhood and for which he needed constant medical treatment, constitutes neglect of the custodian’s […]

Estonia: Access to Abortions Simplified for Minors

(July 28, 2015) On February 12, 2015, the President of Estonia signed into law amendments to the Act on Termination of Pregnancy and on Sterilization, which entered into force on March 2, 2015. (Act on the Termination of Pregnancy and on Sterilization (as amended on Jan. 29, 2015), RIIGI TEATAJA [Estonia’s official gazette] I, 11/2015, […]

Indonesia: Court Rejects Two Challenges to Marriage Act

(June 25, 2015) On June 18, 2015, the Indonesian Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi) released its decisions on two petitions for judicial review of Law No. 1 of 1974 on Marriage (Marriage Law). (Undang-undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan, Ministry of Religious Affairs website,(in Indonesian); Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 1 of the […]

Indonesia: Curfew for Women in Provincial Capital

(June 16, 2015) Women in Banda Aceh, the capital city of Indonesia’s Aceh Province, are now subject to a partial curfew. Under a June 4, 2015, order from Mayor Illiza Sa’aduddin Djamal, restaurants, sports venues, Internet cafes, and tourist attractions are forbidden to host or serve women after 11:00 p.m., unless those women are accompanied […]

Canada: Province of Ontario to Ban ‘Conversion Therapy’ for LGBT Children

(June 12, 2015) On June 4, 2015, the Canadian province of Ontario passed Bill 77 (Affirming Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Act, 2015, S.O. 2015 C.18, http://www.ontla.on.ca/web/bills/bills_detail.do?locale=en&BillID=3197 ), which bans conversion therapy treatment for children under the age of 18. Conversion therapy, which is also known as reparative therapy, is any treatment whose purpose is […]

India: Cabinet Has Approved Amendments to Child Labor Law

(May 20, 2015) On April 14, 2015, India’s Union Cabinet approved amendments to the child labor law among which is the inclusion of an exception that would allow minors, which the law defines as children under the age of 14, to work in certain family enterprises or industries, provided they are not hazardous occupations and […]

United Nations: Criminal Justice Measures Proposed, Prevention of Violence Against Children Stressed

(Apr. 29, 2015) The Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice into the Wider United Nations Agenda to Address Social and Economic Challenges and to Promote the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels, and Public Participation (Doha Declaration) was adopted by the Thirteenth U.N. Congress on Crime and Prevention and […]