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Brazil: New Law Creates System of Guarantees for Protection of Young Victims of Violence

(Apr. 20, 2017) On March 31, 2017, Brazil’s government adopted Law No. 13,431 to put in place a system of guarantees for children and adolescents who are witnesses to or victims of violence, to create mechanisms to prevent violence, and to establish measures of assistance and protection for children and adolescents in situations of violence. […]

Italy: Right to Use Maternal Last Name

(Jan. 25, 2017) On December 28, 2016, a decision by the Constitutional Court of Italy declared unconstitutional several provisions of the Civil Code and other legislation, concerning the attribution of the maternal last name to children. (Decision No. 286 of November 8, 2016, Related to Provisions of the Civil Code and Other Legislation (Decision No. […]

India: Decision Not to Sign Hague Treaty on Child Abduction

(Jan. 23, 2017) In a decision made by the Women and Child Development (WCD) Minister, Maneka Gandhi, and agreed to by the Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has decided not to ratify the Hague Convention on Child Abduction. (Shalini Nair, India Will Not Ink Hague Treaty on Civil Aspects of Child Abduction, […]

South Africa: Constitutional Court Confirms Right of a Child not to be Detained Except as a Measure of Last Resort

(Aug. 26, 2016) On August 11, 2016, South Africa’s Constitutional Court found unconstitutional the arrest and detention of a 15-year-old child by the police and upheld her claim for damages for wrongful arrest and detention against the Minister of Safety and Security.  (The Right of a Child Not to Be Detained Prevails, BUSINESS DAY LIVE […]

Vietnam: Five-Year Program to Reduce Child Labor

(June 22, 2016) On June 7, 2016, Vietnam’s Prime Minister issued Decision No. 1023/QD-TTg on the country’s program to combat illegal child labor. The program, which covers the period 2016-2020, focuses “on preventing and minimizing child labor while timely detecting and assisting child laborers and vulnerable children in accessing opportunities for development.”  (Gov. Determines To […]

Israel: New Rules on Medical Care of a Minor Victimized by Parent

(June 14, 2016) On March 29, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed an amendment to the Patient’s Rights Law that obviates the need for parental consent and delivery of medical information in certain cases of the medical treatment of minors. (Patient’s Rights Law (Amendment No. 9), 5776-2016 (Amendment Law), SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, the […]

Kenya: Law on Registration of Out-of-Wedlock Children Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 27, 2016) On May 26, 2016, the Kenyan High Court found unconstitutional a provision in the Birth and Death Registration Act banning the inclusion in an out-of-wedlock child’s birth certificate of the name of the child’s putative father without his consent.  (Kids Born Out of Wedlock to Have Father’s Name in Birth Certificate – […]

Sri Lanka: Proposal to Raise Minimum Age of Criminal Liability

(May 23, 2016) It was announced on May 19, 2016, that the Cabinet of ministers of Sri Lanka has approved a proposal to amend the country’s Penal Code, to change the age of criminal responsibility. (Sri Lanka to Amend Penal Code to Increase Minimum Age for Criminal Responsibility, COLOMBO PAGE (May 19, 2016).) At present, […]

United Nations/United States: Rights Experts Criticize Conditions in Flint

(May 12, 2016) On May 3, 2016, three human rights experts from the United Nations called the contamination of the water supply in Flint, Michigan a human rights issue and called for swift action to correct the situation. They mentioned the potential long-term adverse effects on the children of the city and stated, “[t]he Flint […]

Mongolia: Legislation Prohibiting All Corporal Punishment

(May 4, 2016) The advocacy group Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children reported in March 2016 that Mongolia has passed two new laws that contain prohibitions against all corporal punishment of children. The Mongolian State Great Hural (parliament) passed the Law on Child Protection 2016 and the Law on the Rights of […]