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Brazil: Proposed Law Defines Child Pornography and Punishes Pedophilia

(Nov. 25, 2008) On November 11, 2008, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies approved a proposed law designed to improve the fight against the production, sale, and distribution of child pornography and to criminalize the acquisition and possession of such material and other actions related to pedophilia on the Internet. The proposed law originated in the […]

Peru: Joint Custody Determinations

(Nov. 24, 2008) On October 16, 2008, Peru's President Alan Garcia Perez promulgated Law No. 29269, amending articles 81 and 84 of the Code of the Child and the Adolescent to incorporate a provision dealing with joint custody. The new version of article 81 states that when the parents are “de facto” (actually) separated, the […]

Israel: Supreme Court Allows Minor’;s Move to Germany, Subject to Conditions

(Oct. 8, 2008) On October 2, 2008, the Supreme Court of Israel accepted an appeal on a decision of the Tel-Aviv District Court to prohibit the return of a mother to Germany accompanied by her minor child. The Court approved the relocation of the minor subject to the conditions that the mother would travel to […]

Zambia: Ineffective Law Enforcement Weakens Child Protection Enforcement

(July 2, 2008) AFP reported on June 18, 2008, that Catherine Namugala, Zambia's Minister of Community Development and Social Services, has blamed the failure of child protection efforts in Zambia on “weak legislation.” Namugala declared that the government intends to “review child-related” laws to make them more effective. (Weak Legislation Hinders Child Protection Efforts, AFP, […]

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; International Criminal Court: Accusations Connected with Child Soldiers

(May 2, 2008) Thomas Lubanga Dyilo will be tried in June 2008 by the International Criminal Court (ICC). He is accused of recruiting child soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The trial is seen by the United Nations Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Radhika Coomaraswamy, as "a crucial step in […]

Israel: Assistance to Minors Who Are Victims of Sexual or Other Violent Offenses

(May 2, 2008) On April 2, 2008, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed the Assistance to Minors Who Are Victims of Sexual or Other Violent Offenses Law, 5768-2008. The Law is designed to determine by legislation the rights of minors subjected to these offenses to receipt of primary assistance in centers that will be established specifically […]

South Korea: Stricter Measures for Those Convicted of Sexual Violence Against Children

(May 2, 2008) Ten- and eight-year-old girls (Hye-jin and Yae-seul) vanished in South Korea on Christmas day in 2007. A suspect was arrested in March 2008. He confessed that he raped and killed the girls. In the same month, a man tried to kidnap a ten-year-old girl from an elevator in her apartment building by […]

South Africa: Child Law

(May 2, 2008) 41 of 2007, which includes provisions on “partial care of children, early childhood development, prevention and early intervention, foster care, child and youth care centers, protection of children, children in alternative care, and creates new offences relating to children.” (Children's Amendment Act, 513:30884 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE: REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA (Mar. 18, 2008), […]

Taiwan: Child and Juvenile Welfare Law Amended

(May 2, 2008) On April 22, 2008, Taiwan's Legislative Yuan approved amendments to the Child and Juvenile Welfare Law that impose fines on anyone who encourages the young to commit suicide. The revised Law stipulates that persons who “force, lure, allow, or act as a go-between for” a child or minor to end his or […]