Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Brazil: National Integrated Policy for Early Childhood Approved

(Mar. 15, 2016) On March 8, 2016, Brazilian President Dilma Roussef sanctioned Law No. 13,257 (Lei No. 13.257, de 8 de Março de 2016, PLANALTO (Mar. 8, 2016)), which establishes principles and guidelines for the preparation and implementation of public policies for early childhood.  The policies pay special attention to the relevance of the early […]

Indonesia: Plan to Issue ID Cards to Children

(Mar. 3, 2016) In February 2016, Indonesia’s Home Minister, Tjahjo Kumolo, announced that under Home Ministerial Regulation No. 2 of 2016 the government will begin issuing identity cards to children in March. The cards, to be called Kartu Identitas Anak [Child Identity Cards] (KIAs), will have unique numbers that will be issued to all Indonesians […]

Australia/Nauru: High Court Rules Offshore Detention of Asylum Seekers Is Lawful

(Feb. 5, 2016) On February 3, 2016, the High Court of Australia, Australia’s highest court, held in a 6-1 decision that the government is legally able to participate in the detention of asylum seekers in the Pacific island country of Nauru; this means that a number of people who were brought to Australia to receive […]

Israel: State Funding of Child Savings Accounts

(Jan. 13, 2016) On November 18, 2015, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed legislation providing for the transfer of funds by the National Insurance Institute (NII) into child savings accounts (CSAs).  (Economic Improvement (Amendments for Reaching Budget Goals for Budget Years 2015 and 2016) Law, 5776-2015, §§ 28–29, SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS (the official gazette), […]

China: Two Child Policy Becomes Law

(Jan. 8, 2016) On December 27, 2015, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted a decision amending the Population and Family Planning Law. Effective January 1, 2016, the “two child policy” became law applicable nationwide. (Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Renkou yu Jihua Shengyu Fa [People’s Republic of China Population and Family Planning Law] (2015 […]

Israel: Parents May be Required to Provide Good Behavior Guarantee for Juvenile Offenders

(Nov. 18, 2015) On November 2, 2015, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed an amendment to the Juveniles (Penalties and Treatment Methods) Law 5731-1971. The amendment authorizes the juvenile court to order that the parents of minors who have been convicted of crimes provide a guarantee of their minor child’s future good behavior or pay a […]

Brazil: New Law Creates Program to Combat Bullying Nationwide

(Nov. 13, 2015) On November 6, 2015, Brazil’s legislature enacted Law No. 13,185 on the creation of a national program to combat systematic intimidation (bullying) (Programa de Combate à Intimidação Sistemática). (Lei No. 13.185, de 6 de Novembro de 2015, art. 1, PLANALTO.) Law No. 13,185 defines systematic intimidation (intimidação sistemática) as any act of […]

Japan: Supreme Court Gives Out-of-Wedlock Children Equal Inheritance Rights

(Sept. 24, 2013) Japan’s Supreme Court ruled on September 4, 2013, that a Civil Code provision granting half inheritance to children born out of wedlock, compared with what is inherited by their siblings born in wedlock, is unconstitutional. The Court stated that the article in the Civil Code “violates the principle of equality under the […]

Italy: Tax Incentives and Other Measures to Tackle Youth Unemployment

(Sept. 9, 2013) Italy adopted a Decree-Law in June 2013, which was amended in August 2013, that is designed to promote youth employment in the country. (DECRETO-LEGGE, 28 giugno 2013, n. 76 [Decree-Law No. 76, June 28, 2013], effective the same day, NORMATTIVA; LEGGE, 9 agosto 2013, n. 99, NORMATTIVA.) To meet its purpose, the […]