Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Israel: Court Rejects Mother’s Request to Rename Child Against Father’s Will

(Nov. 8, 2019) On October 4, 2019, the Nazareth Family Court in Israel rejected a mother’s request to add an additional first name to her minor daughter’s name against the will of her father. The minor’s parents are divorced. (File No. 53030-09-17 C.S. v. Y.A. (decision by Deputy Court President Asaf Zaguri, Oct. 4, 2019, […]

Austria: Legal Right to Paternity Leave Expanded

(Oct. 29, 2019) On September 1, 2019, an amendment to the Austrian Paternity Leave Act (VKG) entered into force. (VKG § 14, para. 19.) The amendment gives fathers of babies born after December 1, 2019, the legal right to take unpaid early paternity leave for one month immediately following the birth of the child (“daddy month”). The […]

China: Regulation on Online Protection of Children’s Personal Information Issued

(Oct. 28, 2019) On August 22, 2019, the central internet information regulator of the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China), the Cyberspace Administration of China, issued the Provisions on Online Protection of Children’s Personal Information. The new data privacy regulation “sets forth high-level requirements for the collection, storage, use, transfer, and disclosure of the […]

European Union: New Directive on Work-Life Balance for Parents and Caregivers

(July 29, 2019) On July 12, 2019, the European Union (EU) published a Directive on Work-Life Balance for Parents and Carers in the Official Journal of the European Union (O.J.). (Directive (EU) 2019/1158 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on Work-Life Balance for Parents and Carers and Repealing Council […]

Switzerland: Parliament Takes Significant Step Toward Adopting Paid Paternity Leave

(July 3, 2019) On June 20, 2019, the Swiss Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung), the Swiss parliament, took a significant step toward adopting paid paternity leave provisions. The Swiss Council of States (Ständerat), the upper chamber of parliament, agreed to a parliamentary initiative that would introduce two weeks of paid paternity leave. (Parlamentarische Initiative SGK-SR. Indirekter Gegenentwurf […]

Germany: De Facto Complete Exclusion of Stepchild Adoption for Unmarried Couples Held Unconstitutional

(May 15, 2019) In a decision published on May 2, 2019, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) held that the fact that an unmarried stepparent cannot adopt his or her partner’s child without terminating the child’s legal relationship to the latter, thereby de facto excluding stepchild adoption in such cases, violates the equal treatment […]

Germany: Federal Court of Justice Rules on Legal Motherhood of Surrogate

(Apr. 29, 2019) In a decision published on April 23, 2019, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH), Germany’s supreme court for civil and criminal cases, held that German law must be used to determine the parentage of a child born to a surrogate in Ukraine and brought to Germany immediately after birth to […]

Brazil: Brazilian President Signs Acts Addressing Bureaucracy, Corruption, and Drug Policy

(Apr. 23, 2019) On April 11, 2019, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed 18 acts, including measures relating to corruption, modernization, bureaucracy, drug policy, and literacy policy. (Assinados 18 Atos para Modernizar e Desburocratizar o País, NOTÍCIAS, GOVERNO DO BRASIL (Apr. 12, 2019).) Five of the most significant of the acts signed by Bolsonaro are as […]

Brazil: New Law Prohibits Marriage of Persons Under 16 Years of Age

(Mar. 22, 2019) On March 12, 2019, Brazil enacted legislation to prohibit underage persons from marrying. The new law—Law No. 13,811 (Lei No. 13.811, de 12 de Março de 2019, Presidency of the Republic website)—amends article 1,520 of the Civil Code to establish that only persons who have reached the age of marriage determined in […]