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France: New Legal Protections for Children

(Apr. 1, 2016) On March 14, 2016, the French government promulgated a new law on child protection. (Loi no. 2016-297 du 14 mars 2016 relative a la protection de l’enfant (1) [Law No. 2016-297 of March 14, 2016, Regarding the Protection of the Child], LEGIFRANCE.) It amends existing French legislation with the overall goal of increasing protection for children, especially […]

Uganda: Parliament Passes Amendments to Children Act

(Mar. 17, 2016) On March 2, 2016, the 388–member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Children (Amendment) Bill, 2015, the goal of which is “to amend the Children Act, Cap. 59; enhance protection of a child; provide for the guardianship of children; provide for inter country adoption; prohibit corporal punishment and provide for related matters.”  (The Children (Amendment) […]

Germany: Allowing Juvenile to Stop Medical Treatment for Cystic Fibrosis Constitutes Torture

(Sept. 11, 2015) On August 4, 2015, the German Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) held that letting a 12-year-old boy decide if he wants to continue treatment for the genetic disease cystic fibrosis, from which he had suffered since early childhood and for which he needed constant medical treatment, constitutes neglect of the custodian’s […]

Indonesia: Death of Child Brings Calls for Reform of Child Protection, Adoption Legislation

(June 18, 2015) An infamous case of violence against a child has led to calls for reform in child protection and adoption legislation in Indonesia. On June 10, 2015, the body of an eight-year old girl was found in Bali; she had been buried in the backyard of her adoptive mother’s house. (Unlawful Child Adoption […]

Iceland: Family Fined over Daughter’s Name

(Mar. 20, 2015) Icelandic parents of a young girl are facing daily fines of ISK1.47 (about US$0.01) because they gave their daughter a name not previously used in Iceland for a girl. (Anita Rienstra, Icelandic Parents Facing Daily Fines over Daughter’s Name, ICE NEWS (Mar. 15, 2015).) Iceland’s Personal Names Act requires all names to […]

China: New Measures on Foster Families

(Dec. 12, 2014) On September 24, 2014, China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs promulgated new measures on foster care, which took effect on December 1, 2014. They replace temporary measures that have been applied since 2004. (Jiating jiyang guanli banfa [Measures for the Management of Family Fosterage] (adopted on Sept. 14, 2014), Ministry of Civil Affairs […]

South Africa: Child Restraint and Seat Belt Regulations Tightened

(Dec. 2, 2014) On October 31, 2014, South Africa’s Minister of Transportation issued amendments to the National Road Traffic Regulations of 2000, which are made under the National Road Traffic Act of 1996. (Amendment of the National Road Traffic Regulations, § 52, Government Gazette [GG], No. 38142 (Oct. 31, 2014), SOUTH AFRICA GOVERNMENT ONLINE; Correction […]

Tanzania; United Nations: Protection Needed for Albinos

(Sept. 8, 2014) On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with the condition in state-run care centers, to protect them from being targeted by those who believe […]

Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military

(Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]