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Iceland: Family Fined over Daughter’s Name

(Mar. 20, 2015) Icelandic parents of a young girl are facing daily fines of ISK1.47 (about US$0.01) because they gave their daughter a name not previously used in Iceland for a girl. (Anita Rienstra, Icelandic Parents Facing Daily Fines over Daughter’s Name, ICE NEWS (Mar. 15, 2015).) Iceland’s Personal Names Act requires all names to […]

China: New Measures on Foster Families

(Dec. 12, 2014) On September 24, 2014, China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs promulgated new measures on foster care, which took effect on December 1, 2014. They replace temporary measures that have been applied since 2004. (Jiating jiyang guanli banfa [Measures for the Management of Family Fosterage] (adopted on Sept. 14, 2014), Ministry of Civil Affairs […]

South Africa: Child Restraint and Seat Belt Regulations Tightened

(Dec. 2, 2014) On October 31, 2014, South Africa’s Minister of Transportation issued amendments to the National Road Traffic Regulations of 2000, which are made under the National Road Traffic Act of 1996. (Amendment of the National Road Traffic Regulations, § 52, Government Gazette [GG], No. 38142 (Oct. 31, 2014), SOUTH AFRICA GOVERNMENT ONLINE; Correction […]

Tanzania; United Nations: Protection Needed for Albinos

(Sept. 8, 2014) On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with the condition in state-run care centers, to protect them from being targeted by those who believe […]

Afghanistan: Steps Toward Ending Use of Children in the Military

(Aug. 6, 2014) According to a United Nations report, Afghanistan has endorsed a 15-article “Road Map Toward Compliance” for protecting children from military recruitment. This step follows the January 30, 2011, agreement between Afghanistan and the U.N., which was a commitment to protect children affected by war and prevent their recruitment into the armed forces. […]

United Nations: Global Strategy to End Detention of Refugees Includes Suggested Legal Reforms

(July 10, 2014) On July 3, 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) issued a global strategy designed to encourage countries to end the detention of asylum-seekers, refugees, and stateless persons who arrive at their borders. The strategy is in response to the fact that, as the UNHCR observed, many […]

European Union: New Rules on Unaccompanied Minors Entering the EU Illegally

(July 9, 2014) On June 26, 2014, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend EC Regulation No. 343/2003, the Dublin Regulation, which establishes that only one EU Member is responsible for handling each asylum application. It also lays down the criteria and ways to determine which Member State of the European Union is responsible […]

Japan: Support for Raising Children of the Next Generation

(June 24, 2014) Because of the country’s low birthrate and problems arising from a shrinking population, since 1994 the Government of Japan has implemented measures to boost the birthrate. One set of measures is aimed at supporting child rearing. (Kuni no torikumi [Government Actions], Cabinet Office website (last visited June 24, 2014).) In 2003, the […]

Brazil: New Law Punishes Parents for Spanking Children and Adolescents

(June 17, 2014) On June 4, 2014, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved a draft law that would punish families who use physical violence to educate their children. The legislation must be sanctioned, without a veto, by Brazilian President Dilma Roussef, within 15 days to come into effect. (Mariana Jungmann, Senado Aprova Lei da Palmada Sem […]