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Kenya: Parliament Considering Amendment to the Country’s 2001 Children Act

(Oct. 5, 2018) Kenya’s Parliament is currently reviewing a new bill—the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018—which seeks to introduce key amendments to the 2001 Children Act. The Bill has recently gone through its first reading in the National Assembly, one of the two houses of the Kenyan Parliament. (Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018, […]

United Kingdom: Supreme Court Rules on Widowed Parent’s Allowance for the Surviving Unmarried Partner

(Sept. 18, 2018) On August 30, 2018, the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom issued a ruling stating that “section 39A of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992 [the Act] is incompatible with article 14 of the ECHR [European Convention on Human Rights], read with article 8, insofar as it precludes […]

Portugal: Change of Gender in the Civil Register for Certain Minors Vetoed by the President

(May 31, 2018) On May 9, 2018, the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, vetoed a decree that had been approved by the Portuguese Parliament allowing a change of gender to be entered in the civil register for minors aged 16 to 18. (Decreto No. 203/XIII; Marieta Cazarré, Portugal Veta Mudança de Gênero no […]

Germany / European Court of Human Rights: Caning of Children Justifies Withdrawal of Parental Authority

(Apr. 19, 2018) On March 22, 2018, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) unanimously held in the cases of Tlapak and Others v. Germany and Wetjen and Others v. Germany that the withdrawal of the applicants’ parental authority did not violate article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which grants the […]

Ethiopia: Federal Family Code Amended, Ending Intercountry Adoption

(Mar. 26, 2018) The Ethiopian House of Representatives voted on January 9, 2018, to adopt legislation amending the Federal Revised Family Code of 2000 to ban intercountry adoption.  (Amy Held, Ethiopian Lawmakers Vote To Ban Foreign Adoptions, NPR (Jan. 10, 2018); REVISED FAMILY CODE, No. 213, FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETTA, Extra Ordinary (Issue No. 1, 2000), University […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Reversal of Order to Return Children with Dual Citizenship

(Jan. 12, 2018) On December 21, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court affirmed a High Court decision that reversed a previous order for the mother of four children with dual Japan-US citizenship to return the children to their father in the United States. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (kyo) 9 (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese; click characters […]

United Kingdom: Proposals for Greater Online Protection for Children

(Dec. 14, 2017) The Government of the United Kingdom has recently proposed an amendment to the Data Protection Bill to provide for greater protection for the privacy of children who engage in online activities. The Data Protection Bill is currently progressing through Parliament and will implement the European Union’s Data Protection Directive, which will apply […]

Israel: Establishment of the Council for Preschoolers

(Oct. 19, 2017) On July 26, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Council for Preschoolers Law, 5777-2017 (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette, SH] 5777 No. 2658 p. 1129, available at KNESSET NATIONAL LEGISLATION DATABASE (in Hebrew).) The Law will enter into effect on February 7, 2018, six months after its August 7, […]

Vietnam: New Rules on Media for Children

(Oct. 13, 2017) On October 1, 2017, a new Ministry of Information and Communications circular, issued by Minister Truong Minh Tuan on June 23, 2017, came into force in Vietnam. It has provisions on media designed for children and requires warnings for viewer or reader discretion related to material not suitable for them.  The rules […]

South Africa: Constitutional Court Confirms Right of a Child not to be Detained Except as a Measure of Last Resort

(Aug. 26, 2016) On August 11, 2016, South Africa’s Constitutional Court found unconstitutional the arrest and detention of a 15-year-old child by the police and upheld her claim for damages for wrongful arrest and detention against the Minister of Safety and Security.  (The Right of a Child Not to Be Detained Prevails, BUSINESS DAY LIVE […]