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Germany / European Court of Human Rights: Caning of Children Justifies Withdrawal of Parental Authority

(Apr. 19, 2018) On March 22, 2018, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) unanimously held in the cases of Tlapak and Others v. Germany and Wetjen and Others v. Germany that the withdrawal of the applicants’ parental authority did not violate article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which grants the […]

Ethiopia: Federal Family Code Amended, Ending Intercountry Adoption

(Mar. 26, 2018) The Ethiopian House of Representatives voted on January 9, 2018, to adopt legislation amending the Federal Revised Family Code of 2000 to ban intercountry adoption.  (Amy Held, Ethiopian Lawmakers Vote To Ban Foreign Adoptions, NPR (Jan. 10, 2018); REVISED FAMILY CODE, No. 213, FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETTA, Extra Ordinary (Issue No. 1, 2000), University […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Reversal of Order to Return Children with Dual Citizenship

(Jan. 12, 2018) On December 21, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court affirmed a High Court decision that reversed a previous order for the mother of four children with dual Japan-US citizenship to return the children to their father in the United States. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (kyo) 9 (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese; click characters […]

United Kingdom: Proposals for Greater Online Protection for Children

(Dec. 14, 2017) The Government of the United Kingdom has recently proposed an amendment to the Data Protection Bill to provide for greater protection for the privacy of children who engage in online activities. The Data Protection Bill is currently progressing through Parliament and will implement the European Union’s Data Protection Directive, which will apply […]

Israel: Establishment of the Council for Preschoolers

(Oct. 19, 2017) On July 26, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Council for Preschoolers Law, 5777-2017 (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, official gazette, SH] 5777 No. 2658 p. 1129, available at KNESSET NATIONAL LEGISLATION DATABASE (in Hebrew).) The Law will enter into effect on February 7, 2018, six months after its August 7, […]

Vietnam: New Rules on Media for Children

(Oct. 13, 2017) On October 1, 2017, a new Ministry of Information and Communications circular, issued by Minister Truong Minh Tuan on June 23, 2017, came into force in Vietnam. It has provisions on media designed for children and requires warnings for viewer or reader discretion related to material not suitable for them.  The rules […]

South Africa: Constitutional Court Confirms Right of a Child not to be Detained Except as a Measure of Last Resort

(Aug. 26, 2016) On August 11, 2016, South Africa’s Constitutional Court found unconstitutional the arrest and detention of a 15-year-old child by the police and upheld her claim for damages for wrongful arrest and detention against the Minister of Safety and Security.  (The Right of a Child Not to Be Detained Prevails, BUSINESS DAY LIVE […]

United Nations: Ban Ki-moon Decries Increase in Child Soldiers

(June 10, 2016) The United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, expressing shock at the marked increase in violations of children’s rights, has called for changes in law and policy to better protect young people. His concern was focused on the use of child soldiers in a number of countries, particularly Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, and […]

Indonesia: Harsher Punishment for Sex Crimes Considered

(May 16, 2016) On May 11, 2016, Indonesia’s Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture, Puan Maharani, announced that a new regulation on sexual violence against children will be issued in the near future. According to Maharani, “[i]t is the commitment of the President, who believes that sexual violence is an extraordinary crime and the […]

France: New Legal Protections for Children

(Apr. 1, 2016) On March 14, 2016, the French government promulgated a new law on child protection. (Loi no. 2016-297 du 14 mars 2016 relative a la protection de l’enfant (1) [Law No. 2016-297 of March 14, 2016, Regarding the Protection of the Child], LEGIFRANCE.) It amends existing French legislation with the overall goal of increasing protection for children, especially […]