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Egypt: Decree Enhancing President’s Powers Challenged Before Constitutional Court

(July 30, 2015) On July 27, 2015, lawyers representing the Egyptian Central Auditing Organization, a government body legally assigned to audit the budget, public funds, and expenses of other government agencies, including the office of the presidency, filed a lawsuit before the Supreme Constitutional Court challenging the constitutionality of a decree issued by President Abdel […]

Italy: Updated Legislation on Territorial Entities and their Financial Stability

(July 22, 2015) On June 20, 2015, Decree-Law No. 78, on sub-national territorial entities, entered into effect in Italy. (Decree-Law No. 78 of June 19, 2015, Urgent Provisions on Territorial Entities [D.L. No. 78], GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 140 (June 19, 2015), NORMATTIVA (in Italian).) Fresh Funds for Disaster Relief The new legislation approves the goals […]

Mongolia: Decision on Increasing Civil Servant Salaries and Pensions

(Feb. 2, 2015) It was reported on January 19, 2015, that on January 15, the Mongolian government issued a decision to increase salaries and pensions for the country’s civil servants by 10%. The move is based on the Agreement of Labor and Society, a municipal labor concession agreement reached by the Trilateral National Commission for […]

Sweden: Opposition Budget Passed, Government Announces Extraordinary Election

(Dec. 23, 2014) On December 3, 2014, the Swedish Parliament voted on 2015 budget legislation, adopting a budget proposed by an alliance of opposition parties. (Betänkande 2014/15:FiU1 Utgiftsramar och beräkning av statsinkomsterna, RIKSDAGEN (Dec. 3, 2014); Mari Forssblad, Anna H. Svensson, & Iva Horvatovic, Regeringskrisen: Detta händer nu, SVT.SE (updated Dec. 3, 2014).) Three budgets […]

Italy: Measures to Reactivate the Economy, Promote Development, and Reduce Bureaucracy

(Nov. 19, 2014) The Italian legislature recently passed legislation to strengthen the national economy and to reduce bureaucracy. (Decree-Law No. 133, of September 12, 2014 (D.L. 133), Urgent Measures for the Opening of Construction Sites, the Construction of Public Works, Digitization of the Country, Reduction of Bureaucracy, the Mitigation of Hydrogeological Instability, and for the […]

Australia: Budget Includes Introduction of $7 Co-pay for Doctor Visits

(May 22, 2014) On May 13, 2014, the Australian Treasurer, Joe Hockey, published the federal government’s annual budget for the period July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015. (BUDGET 2014-1 (last visited May 14, 2014); for information on the Australian appropriations process, see The Commonwealth’s Appropriation Framework – An Introduction, Department of Finance website, […]

Ukraine: New Measures to Save Government Spending

(Mar. 21, 2014) On March 1, 2014, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted a resolution aimed at implementing urgent measures to save government funds and decrease future government spending. (Government Resolution No. 65 of March 1, 2014 on Saving State Funds and Prevention of Further Expenditures [in Ukrainian], Cabinet of Ministers website (click on […]

Israel: Reduction of Deficit and Limitation on Public Spending

(July 30, 2013) On June 13, 2013, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Reduction of Deficit and Limitation on Budgetary Expense (Amendment No. 13) Law, 5773-2013 (hereinafter the 2013 Amendment Law). This Law increases the proportion of deficit that can be taken into account by the government in determining the yearly state budget for 2013-2014. […]

Israel: Parliament Approves State Budget for 2013-2014

(July 30, 2013) On July 30, 2013, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Budget Law for 2013-2014. (Press Release, State Budget and the Arrangements for the Years 2013 and 2014 Were Approved at the [Knesset] Plenum [in Hebrew] (July 30, 2013), Knesset website.) Fifty-eight of the 120 Knesset Members voted in favor of the Law, […]

France: 2012 Finance Law Amendment

(July 13, 2012) On July 4, 2012, Pierre Moscovici, France's Minister of Economy, presented a revision of the 2012 Finance Law to the Council of Ministers. (Loi de finances rectificative pour 2012, Portail du Gouvernement (July 4, 2012).) The amended budget is designed to meet the promise of holding the budget deficit to 4.5% of […]