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China: Central Bank Warns Businesses Not to Refuse Cash

(July 26, 2018) On July 13, 2018, China’s central bank, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) issued a circular stating that businesses and individuals must not refuse or discriminate against cash payments. (Zhongguo Renmin Yinhang Gonggao [2018] Di 10 Hao [PBOC Circular [2018] No. 10] (July 13, 2018), PBOC website; Amanda Lee, As China Goes […]

European Union: 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive Enters into Force

(July 16, 2018) On July 9, 2018, the amendment of the European Union (EU) Anti-Money Laundering Directive (5th AMLD) entered into force. The AMLD obligates certain entities to fulfill customer due diligence requirements when they conduct business transactions and have in place policies and procedures to detect, prevent, and report money laundering and terrorist financing. […]

Switzerland: Swiss Voters Reject Popular Initiative on Sovereign Money

(June 12, 2018) On June 10, 2018, Swiss voters rejected by a vote of 75.7% to 24.3% the “Sovereign Money Initiative.” Voter turnout was 33.8%. (Vorlage Nr. 618. Vorläufige amtliche Endergebnisse. Volksinitiative vom 01.12.2015 “Für krisensicheres Geld: Geldschöpfung allein durch die Nationalbank! (Vollgeld-Initiative)” [Proposal No. 618, Preliminary Official Results: Popular Initiative of Dec. 1, 2015 “For Crisis-Proof Money: […]

Brazil: Penal Code Amended to Stop Attacks on ATM Machines

(May 2, 2018) In an effort to curb attacks on ATM machines throughout Brazil, President Michel Temer on April 23, 2015, promulgated Law No. 13,654 (Lei No. 13.654, de 23 de Abril de 2018, Presidency of the Republic of Brazil website), which amends the Penal Code (CÓDIGO PENAL, Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de Dezembro […]

Iran: IMF Evaluates Iran’s Legislative and Institutional Efforts to Combat Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing

(Apr. 13, 2018) In its March 2018 report assessing the economic situation in Iran, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) found that Iran had made progress in reforming its policies on combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism and was taking steps to improve the country’s connections to the international banking and trade system. (IMF, […]

Mexico: Financial Technology Law Enacted

(Mar. 28, 2018) Mexico’s Law to Regulate Financial Technology Companies, enacted in March 2018, includes a chapter on operations with “virtual assets,” commonly known as cryptocurrencies. (Ley para Regular las Instituciones de Tecnología Financiera [Law to Regulate Financial Technology Companies] arts. 30–34, DIARIO OFICIAL DE LA FEDERACIÓN [D.O.F], Mar. 9, 2018, Mexican House of Representatives website.) […]

Israel: Supreme Court Grants Temporary Injunction Ordering Israeli Bank to Provide Banking Services to Bitcoin-Related Account

(Mar. 16, 2018) On February 25, 2018, Israel’s Supreme Court issued a temporary injunction prohibiting a bank from blocking activities in an account, held by a company trading in bitcoin, until an appeal over the district court ruling recognizing the legitimacy of a permanent authorization for such blockage has been decided. (CA 6389/17 Bits of […]

European Union: New EU Legislative Framework to Regulate Financial Markets Enters into Force

(Feb. 27, 2018) On January 3, 2018, the European Union’s (EU’s) Second Directive on Markets in Financial Instruments (MiFID II) entered into force with the main objective of strengthening investor protection and increasing transparency in financial markets. (Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on Markets in Financial […]

China: New Rules Increase Restrictions on Overseas Cash Withdrawals

(Jan. 24, 2018) On December 29, 2017, China’s foreign exchange regulator, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE), issued a circular regulating overseas cash withdrawals using Chinese bank cards. (Guojia Waihui Guanliju Guanyu Guifan Yinhangka Jingwai Da’e Tiqu Xianjin JIaoyi de Tongzhi [SAFE Circular on Regulating Large Overseas Cash Withdrawals on Bank Cards] (SAFE Circular) […]

China: Regulators Ban Companies from Raising Money Through Virtual Currencies

(Oct. 19, 2017) On September 4, 2017, seven government administrations in China – the People’s Bank of China, the Office of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the China Banking Regulatory Commission, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, and the China […]