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Egypt: Bill to Provide Judicial Immunity to Military Commanders

(July 23, 2018) On July 3, 2018, the Egyptian Parliament approved a bill granting judicial immunity to officers of the highest rank in the Egyptian armed forces for military acts committed during the two-and-a-half-year period beginning with the military coup of July 2013. The bill, which will now be sent to President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi […]

Israel: State Not Authorized to Block Release of Terrorists’ Bodies to Families

(Dec. 28, 2017) On December 14, 2017, Israel’s Supreme Court, sitting as a High Court of Justice, by a two-to-one majority accepted petitions against the State’s holding the bodies of perpetrators of terrorist acts to enable future negotiations on the release of Israeli prisoners and bodies held by terrorist organizations. (HCJ 4466/16 Alian v. IDF […]

Israel: Implementation of Status of Forces Agreement with Greece

(Dec. 21, 2017) On November 20, 2017, the Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed the Law for Implementation of the Agreement Between the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Greece Regarding the Status of Their Forces, 5778-2017 (the Law) (SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, SH] 5778 No. 2671 p. 44, RESHUMOT [OFFICIAL GAZETTE] (enter  2671 […]

Turkey: More Emergency Decrees Issued

(Sept. 8, 2017) On August 25, 2017, the Turkish government issued two new emergency decrees, numbers 693 and 694. Decree Law 693 continues the pattern in earlier decrees of providing for the dismissal of public servants and the closure of institutions and organizations deemed to be a threat to national security or affiliated with terrorist […]

Italy: Amendment to Armed Forces Personnel Law

(July 26, 2017) On July 7, 2017, new legislation on the Armed Forces entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 94 of May 29, 2017, Provisions Concerning the Reorganization of the Roles and the Career of the Armed Forces Personnel, as Provided in Article 1, Paragraph 5, Second Point, of Law No. 244 of […]

Sweden: Mandatory Military Education Re-Introduced

(May 5, 2017) On March 2, 2017, the Swedish Government re-introduced mandatory military education for its citizens. (Regeringen återaktiverar mönstring och grundutbildning med värnplikt [Government Re-Activates Conscription and Mandatory Basic [Military] Education], REGERINGEN (Mar. 2, 2017).) The reason cited by the Swedish government is that the current “volunteer only” solution to military conscription and staffing […]

Lithuania: Military Conscription Reinstated

(Dec. 16, 2016)  On September 1, 2016, the Law on Compulsory Military Duty, which was signed by the President of Lithuania in June, entered into force, and it will be valid for the next five years.  The Law will require legislative reauthorization every five years in order to remain in effect.  (Press Release, Office of […]

Iraq: Legislating the Status of the Popular Mobilization Forces

(Dec. 7, 2016) On November 26, 2016, the Iraqi Parliament institutionalized the people’s fighting forces known as Al-Hashd al-Shaabi, or the Popular Mobilization (PM), by passing a special law on the matter. (Law of the Popular Mobilization Authority (2016 Law), Iraqi Parliament website (Nov. 26, 2016) (in Arabic).) Under the new law, the PM is […]

Georgia: Military Conscription Terminated

(Oct. 31, 2016) On June 27, 2016, the Minister of Defense of Georgia signed an order cancelling compulsory military service and creating armed forces based solely on voluntary recruitment. The order was issued almost a year ahead of a planned legislative amendment on creating a professional Georgian military that was debated in the Georgian Parliament. […]

Israel: Criminalization of Incitement of Volunteer Soldiers to Defect

(July 28, 2016) On July 12, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Penal Law (Amendment No. 127) (Incitement of Defection of a Person Who Volunteered for an Armed Force) 5776-2016. (Amendment No. 127, SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, the official gazette, SH] 5756 No. 2561, p. 140, as amended, Knesset website (last visited July […]