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Turkey: More Emergency Decrees Issued

(Sept. 8, 2017) On August 25, 2017, the Turkish government issued two new emergency decrees, numbers 693 and 694. Decree Law 693 continues the pattern in earlier decrees of providing for the dismissal of public servants and the closure of institutions and organizations deemed to be a threat to national security or affiliated with terrorist […]

Italy: Amendment to Armed Forces Personnel Law

(July 26, 2017) On July 7, 2017, new legislation on the Armed Forces entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 94 of May 29, 2017, Provisions Concerning the Reorganization of the Roles and the Career of the Armed Forces Personnel, as Provided in Article 1, Paragraph 5, Second Point, of Law No. 244 of […]

Lithuania: Military Conscription Reinstated

(Dec. 16, 2016)  On September 1, 2016, the Law on Compulsory Military Duty, which was signed by the President of Lithuania in June, entered into force, and it will be valid for the next five years.  The Law will require legislative reauthorization every five years in order to remain in effect.  (Press Release, Office of […]

Iraq: Legislating the Status of the Popular Mobilization Forces

(Dec. 7, 2016) On November 26, 2016, the Iraqi Parliament institutionalized the people’s fighting forces known as Al-Hashd al-Shaabi, or the Popular Mobilization (PM), by passing a special law on the matter. (Law of the Popular Mobilization Authority (2016 Law), Iraqi Parliament website (Nov. 26, 2016) (in Arabic).) Under the new law, the PM is […]

Georgia: Military Conscription Terminated

(Oct. 31, 2016) On June 27, 2016, the Minister of Defense of Georgia signed an order cancelling compulsory military service and creating armed forces based solely on voluntary recruitment. The order was issued almost a year ahead of a planned legislative amendment on creating a professional Georgian military that was debated in the Georgian Parliament. […]

Israel: Criminalization of Incitement of Volunteer Soldiers to Defect

(July 28, 2016) On July 12, 2016, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) passed the Penal Law (Amendment No. 127) (Incitement of Defection of a Person Who Volunteered for an Armed Force) 5776-2016. (Amendment No. 127, SEFER HAHUKIM [BOOK OF LAWS, the official gazette, SH] 5756 No. 2561, p. 140, as amended, Knesset website (last visited July […]

Turkey: Immunity for Soldiers Involved in Counterterrorism Operations

(July 5, 2016) On June 24, 2016, the Grand National Assembly (Turkey’s parliament) adopted a law amending the Turkish Armed Forces Personnel Law, along with some other laws, to provide for immunity from prosecution, in some cases, of armed forces personnel engaged in counterterrorism operations; prosecution of soldiers will require the permission of “the military […]

Italy: Legislation on Structure and Organization of Italian Armed Forces

(June 24, 2016) On June 15, 2016, new legislation on the structure and organization of the Italian Armed Forces entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 91 of April 26, 2016, Provisions Integrating and Correcting Legislative Decrees No. 7 and No. 8 of January 28, 2014, Adopted in Accordance with Article 1, Paragraph 5, of […]

Germany: Court Clarifies Scope of Parliamentary Right to Approve Deployment of Troops

(Oct. 20, 2015) On September 23, 2015, the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) ruled that the German government does not need to seek retroactive parliamentary approval for the deployment of troops in cases of imminent danger. The Court reiterated its view that the German government is under a general obligation to seek parliamentary approval […]

Italy: Updated Legislation on International Military Cooperation

(Mar. 26, 2015) On February 20, 2015, Italy’s Parliament passed new legislation, Decree-Law No. 7, regulating the involvement of the Italian Armed Forces in international cooperative activities. (Decree-Law No. 7 of February 18, 2015, Urgent Measures for the Fight Against Terrorism, Including International Terrorism (D.L. No. 7), GAZETTA UFFICIALE, No. 41 (Feb. 19, 2015), NORMATTIVA.) […]