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China: Eight Laws Amended to Require New, Unified National Legal Profession Qualification Examination

(Nov. 10, 2017) On September 1, 2017, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) of China passed a decision on amending eight laws to institute a new unified national legal profession qualification exam, officially retiring the current unified national judicial exam established in 2010.  (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuan Hui Guanyu Xiugai Zhongguo Renmin […]

Nigeria: Government Reconstitutes the Investment and Securities Tribunal

(Oct. 12, 2017) On September 19, 2017, the Nigerian Minister of Finance announced the reconstitution of the Investment and Securities Tribunal (IST) in order “to sanitise the capital market, restore investors’ confidence and reposition the country’s economy.”  (Bassey Udo, Nigerian Govt. Moves to Sanitise Capital Market; Reconstitutes Investment & Securities Tribunal, PREMIUM TIMES (Sept. 20, 2017).)  […]

Saint Lucia: Awareness Campaign on Mediation Launched

(June 12, 2017) In a press release issued by the Saint Lucia Registry of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC), the Registry has launched an island-wide sensitization and awareness campaign on mediation as an alternative means of dispute resolution. The press release states, “[m]ediation is a structured dispute resolution process where an impartial third party, […]

Qatar: New Arbitration Law Passed

(June 5, 2017) On March 13, 2017, Qatar passed Law No. 2 of 2017 on rules of arbitration.  The new Law is based on the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Law, which is designed to assist countries in reforming their domestic arbitration laws in the field of international commercial arbitration.  Law […]

France: Justice Reforms Adopted

(Dec. 6, 2016) On October 12, 2016, the French Parliament adopted a law reforming various aspects of the French justice system. The President promulgated the law on November 18.  (Loi n° 2016-1547 du 18 novembre 2016 de modernisation de la justice du XXIe siècle (1) [Law No. 2016-1547 of 18 November 2016 to Modernize XXIst […]

Brazil: Too Many Appeals Slow Down the Judiciary, Says Federal Supreme Court President

(Nov. 29, 2016) On November 21, 2016, the President of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, Minister Cármen Lúcia, decried the excessive use of appeals in Brazil, which she said is a main reason for delays in concluding legal proceedings.  Her remarks were given during the launch of National Conciliation Week in the city of Belo Horizonte, located […]

UN: Call to Include Human Rights Provisions in Trade Agreements and Dispute Resolution

(Sept. 27, 2016) On September 13, 2016, the United Nations Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order, Alfred de Zayas, called for all future trade agreements to include provisions extolling the primary importance of human rights. He also said that the treaties should be aligned with the duty that states […]

Uruguay: Arbitration Panel Affirms Enforcement of Anti-Tobacco Legislation

(Aug. 26, 2016) On July 8, 2016, an International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) arbitration panel, meeting in Washington, D.C., decided an arbitration case filed by Philip Morris International (PMI) against the government of Uruguay in which PMI sought compensation for economic damages as a result of Uruguay’s enforcement of its anti-tobacco laws. (El Estado […]

Permanent Court of Arbitration/China/Philippines: Plan to Consider South China Sea Dispute

(Nov. 4, 2015) On October 29, 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), located in The Hague, issued an Award on Jurisdiction and Admissibility to hear the dispute brought before it by the Philippines against China concerning rights over contested areas in the South China Sea. The central issue in the case, according to the […]

Brazil: New Mediation Law Approved by Federal Senate

(June 5, 2015) The Brazilian Federal Senate on June 2, 2015, approved a new law that regulates judicial and extrajudicial mediation. The main purpose of the new law is to reduce the number of cases brought before the judiciary by enabling parties to reach an agreement through mediation. (Mariana Jungmann, Projeto de Lei que Regulamenta […]