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China: New Measures on Foster Families

(Dec. 12, 2014) On September 24, 2014, China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs promulgated new measures on foster care, which took effect on December 1, 2014. They replace temporary measures that have been applied since 2004. (Jiating jiyang guanli banfa [Measures for the Management of Family Fosterage] (adopted on Sept. 14, 2014), Ministry of Civil Affairs […]

Russia: HIV-Infected Individuals Cannot Adopt Children

(Nov. 6, 2014) On September 23, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation upheld the legality of the list of illnesses that prohibit individuals from adopting children, establishing guardianship, or forming a foster family. (Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, Docket case AKPI 14-890 [in Russian], Supreme Court website (Sept. 23, 2014).) The List […]

France: Denial of Adoption for Same-Sex Parents of Child Conceived Through Medically Assisted Reproduction

(May 23, 2014) A court in Versailles has denied a same-sex couple the adoption of a child conceived through medically assisted reproduction (M.A.R.). [Gaëlle Dupont, Premier refus d’adoption à un couple de femmes ayant conçu un enfant par PMA [First Refusal for the Adoption of a Child Conceived through M.A.R. by Two Women], LE MONDE […]

Brazil: International Adoption

(Mar. 28, 2014) On March 24, 2014, Brazil’s National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoção, CNA). The CNA is a tool developed by the CNJ to assist judges when they conduct […]

Moldova: New Rules for Child Adoption Proposed

(Dec. 31, 2012) On November 1, 2012, the Parliament of Moldova passed at the first reading amendments to the legislation governing adoption of children. (Tatiana Gurzu, Parliament Changes Child Adoption Procedure in Moldova [in Russian], KOMMERSANT.MD (Nov.1, 2012).) As described by <?Moldova's Minister of Social Protection, Labor, and Family Affairs, the bill is aimed at […]

New Zealand: Same-Sex Marriage Bill Passes First Vote

(Aug. 30, 2012) On August 29, 2012, the New Zealand Parliament voted on the First Reading of a bill that seeks to make provision for same-sex marriage in the country. (John Hartevelt, Bill Passes First Reading, STUFF.CO.NZ (Aug. 29, 2012).) The 80-40 vote in favor of the bill means that it will now be referred […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Adoption for Same Sex Couples

(Mar. 30, 2012) On March 15, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) determined that there is no right of a person in a same-sex union to adopt a partner's child under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. (CETS No. 005, as in force on June 1, 2010, […]

Sri Lanka: Law on Adoption to Be Reviewed

(Jan. 17, 2012) Tissa Karalliyadde, Sri Lanka's Minister of Child Development and Women's Affairs, has announced plans to amend the country's law on adoption. The law will be reviewed by a recently appointed eight-member committee, in response to complaints about existing issues in connection with both domestic and foreign adoptions. One children's home, run by […]

South Korea: International Adoption Rates Fall

(Nov. 29, 2011) While the number of intercountry adoptions throughout the world sharply declined last year, the number of children adopted from South Korea remained the same. As a result, South Korea regained its position as the number one country of origin for intercountry adoptions in the United States. (Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department […]

Israel: Adoptee’s Best Interest and Parental Consent

(Dec. 29, 2010) On December 13, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Adoption of Children Law, 5741-1948. The amendment provides guidance for evaluation of the principle of the “best interest of the adoptee,” a top consideration in adoption proceedings under the law. According to the amendment, such an evaluation must take […]