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Brazil: International Adoption

(Mar. 28, 2014) On March 24, 2014, Brazil’s National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) approved an amendment to Resolution No. 54 of April 29, 2008, that created the National Register of Adoption (Cadastro Nacional de Adoção, CNA). The CNA is a tool developed by the CNJ to assist judges when they conduct […]

Moldova: New Rules for Child Adoption Proposed

(Dec. 31, 2012) On November 1, 2012, the Parliament of Moldova passed at the first reading amendments to the legislation governing adoption of children. (Tatiana Gurzu, Parliament Changes Child Adoption Procedure in Moldova [in Russian], KOMMERSANT.MD (Nov.1, 2012).) As described by <?Moldova's Minister of Social Protection, Labor, and Family Affairs, the bill is aimed at […]

European Court of Human Rights; France: Adoption for Same Sex Couples

(Mar. 30, 2012) On March 15, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) determined that there is no right of a person in a same-sex union to adopt a partner's child under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. (CETS No. 005, as in force on June 1, 2010, […]

Sri Lanka: Law on Adoption to Be Reviewed

(Jan. 17, 2012) Tissa Karalliyadde, Sri Lanka's Minister of Child Development and Women's Affairs, has announced plans to amend the country's law on adoption. The law will be reviewed by a recently appointed eight-member committee, in response to complaints about existing issues in connection with both domestic and foreign adoptions. One children's home, run by […]

South Korea: International Adoption Rates Fall

(Nov. 29, 2011) While the number of intercountry adoptions throughout the world sharply declined last year, the number of children adopted from South Korea remained the same. As a result, South Korea regained its position as the number one country of origin for intercountry adoptions in the United States. (Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department […]

Israel: Adoptee’s Best Interest and Parental Consent

(Dec. 29, 2010) On December 13, 2010, the Knesset (Israel's Parliament) passed an amendment to the Adoption of Children Law, 5741-1948. The amendment provides guidance for evaluation of the principle of the “best interest of the adoptee,” a top consideration in adoption proceedings under the law. According to the amendment, such an evaluation must take […]

France: Constitutional Council Validates Provision Indirectly Barring Member of Same-Sex Couple from Adopting Partner’s Child

(Dec. 6, 2010) On October 6, 2010, the French Constitutional Council ruled on an application for a priority preliminary ruling lodged by the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, on the issue of the constitutionality of article 365 of the Civil Code (Conseil Constitutionnel, Decision No. 2010-39 QPC of October […]

South Korea: Conflicting Decisions on Adoption by Grandparents

(Oct. 7, 2010) Two conflicting rulings have been made in South Korean provincial courts on the issue of whether grandparents may adopt their grandchildren. On September 16, 2010, the Family Division (three-judge bench) of Ulsan District Court affirmed the decision by a single-judge bench of the same Court that grandparents may not adopt a grandchild. […]

France: French Supreme Court Recognizes Same-Sex Couple Adoption Judgment Rendered by U.S. Court

(July 23, 2010) On July 8, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled that a judgment rendered by the Superior Court of the County of Dekalb, Georgia, authorizing the adoption of a child by the female partner of the mother, is not contrary to French public order and, […]

Nepal: International Call for Improvement of Adoption Process

(Mar. 2, 2010) The International Adoption Working Group (IAWG), an ad hoc organization comprising diplomatic mission representatives of countries that have or are considering having adoption agencies (private or state-run) in Nepal, recently called upon the Nepali government to improve the inter-country adoption process. A press release issued on February 24, 2010, by the U.S. […]