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Austria: Constitutional Court Holds That Civil Code Provision May Not Be Interpreted to Restrict Same-Sex Couples’ Power to Adopt After Separation

(Nov. 27, 2018) On October 3, 2018, the Austrian Constitutional Court (Verfassungsgerichtshof Österreich, VfGH) held that after a same-sex couple separates, one former partner must remain able to adopt the other’s biological child. The Court stated that section 197, paragraph 3 of the Civil Code must be interpreted in conformity with the Constitution so that […]

Kenya: Parliament Considering Amendment to the Country’s 2001 Children Act

(Oct. 5, 2018) Kenya’s Parliament is currently reviewing a new bill—the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018—which seeks to introduce key amendments to the 2001 Children Act. The Bill has recently gone through its first reading in the National Assembly, one of the two houses of the Kenyan Parliament. (Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2018, […]

Ethiopia: Federal Family Code Amended, Ending Intercountry Adoption

(Mar. 26, 2018) The Ethiopian House of Representatives voted on January 9, 2018, to adopt legislation amending the Federal Revised Family Code of 2000 to ban intercountry adoption.  (Amy Held, Ethiopian Lawmakers Vote To Ban Foreign Adoptions, NPR (Jan. 10, 2018); REVISED FAMILY CODE, No. 213, FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETTA, Extra Ordinary (Issue No. 1, 2000), University […]

Switzerland: Revision of Adoption Law Enters into Force

(Jan. 4, 2018) On January 1, 2018, a revision of the Swiss adoption law entered into force. The amendment of the Civil Code allows stepchild adoption for same-sex registered partners and couples in a de facto marriage (cohabitation), lowers the minimum age for persons eligible to adopt, introduces a maximum age difference between adopted child […]

Solomon Islands: Adoption Act Amended to Enhance Requirements for Intercountry Adoptions

(Mar. 15, 2017) On February 21, 2017, the National Parliament of Solomon Islands voted to pass the Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016. (Press Release, National Parliament of Solomon Islands, Parliament Passes the Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016 (Feb. 23, 2017); Adoption (Amendment) Bill 2016, National Parliament of Solomon Islands website.) The Bill, which amends the Adoption Act 2004, […]

Japan: Adoption of Grandchild in Order to Save on Inheritance Tax Can Be Valid

(Feb. 23, 2017) Japan’s Supreme Court decided, on January 31, 2017, that adoption of a grandchild can be valid even if the main purpose of the adoption is to save part of the heirs’ inheritance tax upon the grandparent’s death.  (Heisei 28 (ju) 1255, S. Ct. (Jan. 31, 2017), COURTS IN JAPAN (click on the […]

Uganda: Parliament Passes Amendments to Children Act

(Mar. 17, 2016) On March 2, 2016, the 388–member unicameral Ugandan Parliament passed the Children (Amendment) Bill, 2015, the goal of which is “to amend the Children Act, Cap. 59; enhance protection of a child; provide for the guardianship of children; provide for inter country adoption; prohibit corporal punishment and provide for related matters.”  (The Children (Amendment) […]

Indonesia: Death of Child Brings Calls for Reform of Child Protection, Adoption Legislation

(June 18, 2015) An infamous case of violence against a child has led to calls for reform in child protection and adoption legislation in Indonesia. On June 10, 2015, the body of an eight-year old girl was found in Bali; she had been buried in the backyard of her adoptive mother’s house. (Unlawful Child Adoption […]

Israel: Court Rejects Request for Recognition of Contract-Based Parenthood

(Apr. 15, 2015) On April 1, 2015, Israel’s Supreme Court, in a unanimous decision by an extended bench of seven justices, rejected a petition by an unmarried woman with a muscle atrophy disease to adopt a child born to a surrogate mother. The child was born in Israel from a donated sperm and a donated […]