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Netherlands: Draft General Administrative Law Act Amendment Would Change State Liability for Damages to Individuals

(Mar. 14, 2012) The Lower House of the Dutch Parliament is now considering a draft amendment to the General Administrative Law Act that would change provisions on the liability of the state when unlawful acts by the state cause damage to individuals. (Algemene wet bestuursrecht (June 4, 1992), WETBOEK-ONLINE; Ministry of Justice, General Administrative Law […]

United Kingdom: Serious Organised Crime Agency Entitled to Civil Recovery of Money Laundering Proceeds

(Jan. 11, 2012) The High Court of England and Wales recently ruled that the civil recovery process used by the Serious Organised Crime Agency to take possession of property obtained from the proceeds or profits of money laundering or drug dealing is lawful, even if there has been no criminal conviction in the case. The […]

Indonesia: Village Government Bill

(Dec. 7, 2011) Indonesia has long been considering a law on village governance. The bill was dropped from the legislative agenda in 2009 for re-drafting and then was submitted anew in the national legislative program for the years 2009-2014, but has not been enacted. The purpose of the legislation is to improve the status of […]

China: New ID Card Law Requires Recording Fingerprints

(Nov. 4, 2011) On October 29, 2011, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted an amendment to the Resident Identity Card Law (ID Card Law) and republished the law. (Text of the revised ID Card Law [in Chinese], XINHUANET (Oct. 29, 2011).) Effective on January 1, 2012, the new law will require citizens […]

Mongolia: Smart ID Card System to Be Implemented

(May 11, 2011) The Mongolian Cabinet decided on March 9, 2011, to replace the country's personal identification card system with a new, electronic one. New, mandatory “smart” ID cards will have an embedded microchip containing all personal data, with biometric facial and fingerprint ID systems; the information will be stored in a database linked to […]

Brazil: New National ID Card Launched

(Jan. 4, 2011) On December 30, 2010, former Brazilian President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva and former Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto launched a new ID card, to be called the Civil Identity Registry (Registro de Identidade Civil – RIC), that will replace the current national identity document in Brazil. Lula's term of office […]

China: Revised Price Control Rules Provide Harsher Penalties for Price Manipulation

(Dec. 22, 2010) On December 4, 2010, the State Council of China published its decision to revise the Provisions on Administrative Penalties on Price Violations (Penalty Provisions), which was adopted by the executive meeting of the State Council on November 29, 2010. (State Council Decision on Revising the “Provisions on Admlinistrative Penalties on Price Violations” […]

Japan: Legal Aspects of Missing Elderly Persons

(Aug. 31, 2010) Since the oldest man on Tokyo's resident record was found on July 29, 2010, to have been dead for more than 30 years, municipal governments throughout Japan have been checking on the whereabouts of centenarians in their jurisdictions. (Justin McCurry, Japan Launches Nationwide Search for Centenarians, Guardian (London) (Aug. 3, 2010), […]

Iran: House of Representatives Approves First Reading of Bill on “Enjoining Doing Right and Forbidding Doing Wrong”

(July 1, 2010) The trend in Iranian legislation under the current government is to return to Quranic roots and interpret religious norms through legislation. Thus, for example, according to article 8 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as amended in July 1989: In the Islamic Republic of Iran, to enjoin doing good […]

Israel: Law on Biometric Methods and Data Preservation

(Dec. 17, 2009) On December 7, 2009, the Knesset, Israel's parliament, passed the Law on the Inclusion of Biometric Methods and Data in Identification Documents and in a Data Bank, 6570-2009. The Law establishes rules for the issuance of identification cards and travel documents that will include biometric, digitally identifiable photographs of a person's face […]