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Indonesia: Constitutional Court Opens Way to Recognition of Native Faiths

(Nov. 17, 2017) On November 7, 2017, Indonesia’s Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia) issued a decision that will allow Indonesians who follow native faiths to list their religions on official forms.  According to Justice Arief Hidayat, several articles in the Law on Population Administration are discriminatory and “contradict the 1945 Constitution and these articles […]

Egypt: Cabinet Approves Amendment to Traffic Law

(Nov. 17, 2017) On October 19, 2017, the Egyptian Cabinet approved a new amendment to the Traffic Law, Law No. 66 of 1973.  (Law No. 66 of 1973, 34 AL-JARIDAH AL-RASSMIYAH (Aug. 23, 1973) (in Arabic).) The amendment introduces new penalties for violators of traffic regulations.  According to an official written statement issued by the […]

France: Administrative Courts Issue Differing Decisions on Legality of Publicly-Financed Nativity Scenes

(Nov. 16, 2017) On October 5 and 6, 2017, two French administrative courts reached different conclusions in separate cases concerning the legality of government-sponsored Christmas nativity scenes. On October 5, 2017, the Tribunal administratif (Administrative Court) of Lyon ruled that a decision by the President of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region to install a nativity scene on the […]

China: Eight Laws Amended to Require New, Unified National Legal Profession Qualification Examination

(Nov. 10, 2017) On September 1, 2017, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) of China passed a decision on amending eight laws to institute a new unified national legal profession qualification exam, officially retiring the current unified national judicial exam established in 2010.  (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuan Hui Guanyu Xiugai Zhongguo Renmin […]

Austria: Full-Face Veil Ban Enters Into Force

(Nov. 3, 2017) On October 1, 2017, a ban on full-face veils in public places and buildings entered into force in Austria.  According to section 1 of the Anti-Face Veil Act, the Act aims to “further integration by strengthening participation in society and by promoting peaceful coexistence in Austria.”  (Bundesgesetz über das Verbot der Verhüllung […]

Iran: New Law Poses Health and Financial Problems for Thalassemia Sufferers

(Sept. 27, 2017) A recent Iranian law that in effect removes all foreign medications from the list of drugs covered by insurance organizations reportedly endangers the health of a large percentage of the country’s thalassemia patients and subjects them to heavy financial burdens.  (Law Creating Hurdles for Thalassemia Patients, FINANCIAL TRIBUNE (July 26, 2017).)  The […]

Italy: Registration of Motor Vehicles

(Aug. 23, 2017) On July 24, 2017, new legislation on registration of motor vehicles entered into effect in Italy. (Legislative Decree No. 98 of May 29, 2017, Rationalization of the Management Processes of Data on the Circulation and Ownership of Cars, Motor Vehicles, and Trailers, for the Purpose of Issuing a Consolidated Text, According to […]

China: Laws Amended to Allow Prosecutors to Bring Public Interest Lawsuits

(July 6, 2017) On June 27, 2017, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) issued a decision on amending the Civil Procedure Law and the Administrative Procedure Law, formally allowing Chinese procuratorates, which in general serve as the prosecutors in criminal cases, to bring public interest lawsuits. (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui Changwu Weiyuanhui Guanyu […]

Italy: Reform of Public Administration

(June 30, 2017) On June 22, 2017, new legislation approving amendments to Italy’s public administration legislation entered into effect.  (Legislative Decree No. 75 of May 25, 2017, Amendment of and Integration with Legislative Decree No. 165 of March 30, 2001, and in Accordance with Articles 16, Paragraphs 1(a), 2(b), (c), (d), and (e), and 17, […]

Brazil: New Rules Prohibit the Use of Drones over Populated Areas

(May 10, 2017) On May 2, 2017, the National Civil Aviation Agency (Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil, ANAC) approved the Brazilian Regulation of Special Civil Aviation, which regulates the civil operation of remotely piloted aircraft, drones.  (Regulamento Brasileiro da Aviação Civil Especial, RBAC-E No. 94 (May 2, 2017), ANAC website.) According to the Regulation, drones […]