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Czech Republic: Government Adopts National Artificial Intelligence Strategy

(June 5, 2019) On May 6, 2019, the Czech government adopted its National Artificial Intelligence [AI] Strategy. (Press Release, Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic, The Czech Republic Is Among the Elite in Presenting a Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence (May 6, 2019).) According to the Ministry of Industry and […]

Germany: Prescription Drugs Cannot Be Sold Via Video Chat and Vending Machines

(May 24, 2019) In a decision published on May 11, 2019, the Administrative Court of Karlsruhe (Verwaltungsgericht Karlsruhe, VG Karlsruhe) held that the Dutch mail order pharmacy DocMorris cannot use vending machines in Germany to sell drugs that are authorized for sale only through pharmacies. The Court stated that vending-machine sales were not covered by […]

Brazil: City of São Paulo Enacts Decree Regulating Use of Electric Scooters

(May 23, 2019) After a series of accidents involving electric scooters (patinete elétrica), the mayor of the city of São Paulo on May 13, 2019, enacted Decree No. 58,750. This Decree provides for the provisional regulation of sharing services and use of both electric and nonelectric self-propelled personal mobility equipment, scooters, cycles, and similar equipment […]

Italy: Law Regulating Duration of Administrative Processes Ruled Unconstitutional

(May 17, 2019) On February 6, 2019, the Italian Constitutional Court declared article 54, paragraph 2 of Decree-Law No. 112 of June 25, 2008 unconstitutional because the provision establishes an excessive duration for administrative procedures. In its decision, the Court highlighted that all legal procedures must have a reasonable duration. By declaring this provision unconstitutional, […]

Togo: Parliament Adopts Bill to Promote Power Generation from Clean Sources

(Oct. 15, 2018) On July 24, 2018, Togo’s Parliament adopted a bill to promote power generation from clean sources. (Ouverture de la deuxième session extraordinaire de l’année 2018 [2018’s Second Extraordinary Assembly], Assemblée Nationale Togolais [Togolese National Assembly] website (all translations by author).) The bill was approved unanimously and includes 59 articles organized in seven […]

China: State Council Issues Rules on Administrative Normative Documents

(Aug. 28, 2018) On May 31, 2018, the State Council (China’s cabinet) issued a circular on the making of administrative normative documents, which are regulatory documents issued by the government that are not formal regulations as regulated by China’s Law on Legislation, but still impose binding obligations on individuals and legal entities. (Guowuyuan Bangongting Guanyu […]

Italy: New Legislation Creates Center to Monitor State-Regional Financial Agreements on Indebtedness

(July 17, 2018) On June 28, 2018, new legislation came into effect in Italy creating the Center for the Monitoring of Regional Agreements to provide oversight related to the indebtedness of the regions and local entities. (Decree No. 67 of the President of the Council of Ministers of April 23, 2018, Regulations on the Amendments […]

Brazil: Registrar Offices Not Allowed to Record Affective Relationships Between Multiple Persons as Stable Unions

(July 5, 2018) The National Council of Justice (Conselho Nacional de Justiça, CNJ) decided by a majority of votes that registrar offices (cartórios) cannot register affective relationships between multiple persons as stable unions. The decision was made on June 26, 2018, in response to a request made in 2016 by the Association of Family Law […]

Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Regulates Ridesharing Services in the City

(May 30, 2018) On April 11, 2018, the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, issued Decree No. 44399, regulating the use of the municipality’s road system for the economic operation by private individuals of paid-passenger transportation services (like Uber and Lyft) intermediated by digital platforms managed by transport companies (known as Provedoras de Redes de […]

Italy: Constitutional Court Annuls Legislation Permitting Continuation of Activities by an Industrial Facility of National Strategic Interest

(Apr. 23, 2018) On February 7, 2018, the Italian Constitutional Court declared the unconstitutionality of several legal provisions that allowed the continuation of activities at industrial facilities considered of national strategic interest in violation of constitutionally protected workers’ rights. (Decision No. 58 of March 23, 2018, Issued in a Constitutional Legitimacy Case by Incidental Procedure (the […]