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Burma; United Nations: U.N. Opinion Finds Activist’s Detention Violates Myanmar Domestic Law

(Apr. 13, 2009) The United Nations has stated, for the first time, that the detention of pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi by the military regime of Burma (Myanmar) was in violation of not only international but also domestic law. The statement appears in Opinion No. 46/2008 of the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention […]

United Nations: Guidelines Target Internet Drug Deals

(Mar. 20, 2009) On March 17, 2009, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) issued guidelines on the sale of drugs over the Internet. The INCB is the United Nations' body to monitor the implementation of drug control conventions; it was founded in 1968. Professor Hamid Ghodse, President of the INCB, described the new guidelines as […]

United Nations: Criticism of Israel and Religions Dropped from Racism Conference Agenda

(Mar. 19, 2009) A draft resolution for the upcoming Durban Review Conference, organized by the United Nations, has reportedly been changed to drop criticism of Israel and not to include references to “defamation of religion.” According to U.N. officials, the resolution now speaks only of concern about the negative stereotyping of religions and does not […]

Nepal; United Nations: Human Rights Agreement

(Mar. 2, 2009) On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and protect the rights of the people of that nation. The OHCHR representative in Nepal, Richard Bennett, […]

Romania; Ukraine; United Nations: Decision on Black Sea Boundaries

(Feb. 12, 2009) The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nation's highest court, issued a unanimous ruling on February 3, 2009, marking the sea border between Ukraine and Romania in the Black Sea. Public hearings in the case had been held in September 2008. (Case Concerning Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. […]

United Nations: Groundwork Laid for Fishing Treaty

(Feb. 12, 2009) The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) announced on February 3, 2009, that significant progress had been made towards an international treaty designed to stop illegal sea-fishing operations. Five days of talks on the subject were held at the FAO offices in Rome, with participants from more than 80 nations, and […]

United Nations: Anti-Piracy Agreement Signed

(Feb. 5, 2009) Nine countries in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea region have signed a Code of Conduct designed to increase cooperation against the piracy off the coast of Somalia. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, and Yemen have agreed to work together to seize, investigate, and prosecute pirates operating in the […]

United Nations: Security Council Resolution Empowers States Combating Piracy to Conduct Land Operations in Somalia

(Jan. 8, 2009) On December 16, 2008, the United Nations Security Council adopted its fourth resolution since June on combating piracy off Somalia's coast. Unlike the others, however, the latest resolution “empowers states combating piracy to conduct operations on land in Somalia.” (UN Empowers Land Operations Against Somali Pirates, AFP, Dec. 17, 2008, available at […]

United Nations: Trademark Treaty

(Dec. 30, 2008) The Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks, a United Nations-sponsored agreement, will become effective on March 16, 2009. It was adopted by the members of the U.N. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in March 2006 and is designed to update a 1994 treaty on the subject and make the process of […]

United Nations: Climate Change Conference Concluded

(Dec. 24, 2008) The 14th session of the Conference of the Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 14) – the highest decision-making body of this U.N. Convention – was held from December 1-13, 2008, in Poznań, Poland, with the participation of ministers from 189 countries. COP 14 took place in conjunction with the 4th […]