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Russia: Fines for Bitcoin Transactions Will Be Introduced

(Oct. 7, 2014) On October 3, 2014, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation, as a part of a government legislative initiative, announced that it is going to submit to the State Duma (legislature) legislation that would recognize the act of engaging in Bitcoin transactions as a misdemeanor and impose fines for “transactions with a […]

Russia; Ukraine: Legislature Adopts Law on Dissolution of Black Sea Fleet Treaties

(Apr. 3, 2014) On April 1, 2014, following the adoption of legislation that denounces a set of treaties signed by the State Duma (parliament) between Russia and Ukraine, the Federation Council, which is the upper chamber of the Russian legislature, gave its consent to termination of the treaties. (Press Release, Extraordinary Meeting of the Federation […]

European Court of Human Rights; Russia; Ukraine: Ukraine Files an Inter-State Application Against Russia

(Mar. 28, 2014) On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council of Europe, Interim Measure Granted in Inter-State Case Brought by Ukraine Against Russia (Mar. 14, 2014), […]

European Court of Human Rights; Russia; Ukraine: Ukraine Files an Inter-State Application Against Russia

(Mar. 20, 2014) On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council of Europe, Interim Measures Granted in Inter-State Case Brought by Ukraine Against […]

Russia: New Rules for Sports Fans Introduced

(Feb. 11, 2014) On January 20, 2014, a government regulation entitled On Rules for Spectators’ Behavior at Official Sports Events entered into force. (Government Regulation No. 1156 of December 16, 2013 [in Russian] [hereinafter Regulation], ROSSIISKAIA GAZETA (Dec. 19, 2013).) The Regulation appears to be a response to increased violence and intolerance recently demonstrated by […]

Russia: Bitcoin Exchanges Can Be Penalized

(Feb. 6, 2014) On January 27, 2014, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation issued an information letter entitled “On Using Virtual Currencies, Specifically Bitcoin, in Transactions.” (Press Release, Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Jan. 27, 2014).) In the absence of legal acts that would regulate the use of Bitcoins, this statement appears to […]

Russia: New Privacy Protection Law

(Nov. 5, 2013) On October 1, 2013, amendments to Russia’s Civil Code aimed at protecting the privacy of individuals entered into force. (Federal Law of the Russian Federation, No. 142 FZ of July 2, 2013, on Amending Section 3 of Chapter 1, Part 1, of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation [in Russian], ROSSIISKAIA […]

Russian Federation, Tajikistan: Military Cooperation Treaty Ratified

(Oct. 30, 2013) On October 1, 2013, members of the lower house of the Tajik legislature ratified a treaty with the Russian Federation on extension of the term of the maintenance in Tajikstan of a Russian military base. (Lower House of the Tajik Parliament Approved Placement of the Russian Base for Another 30 Years [in […]

Russia: Law Requires Terrorists to Compensate Their Victims

(Oct. 25, 2013) On October 25, 2013, the State Duma of the Russian Federation (the lower house of the legislature) passed a law aimed at establishing a mechanism of compensation payments for damage inflicted by terrorist activities. The law states that damages will be paid by the terrorists and their relatives. (Federal Law on Amending […]

Russia: New Administrative Rules on Drunk Driving Adopted, Criminal Penalties Contemplated

(Oct. 23, 2013) The Russian State Duma (the lower house of the legislature) recently passed new legislation that will up penalties for driving in a state of intoxication induced by alcohol or drugs. The motivation for the legislative action was the increase in the number of deaths caused by drunk drivers. (Russia’s Duma Passes Tough […]