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Pakistan: Clearance Needed for Artists and Students to Go Abroad

(Feb. 24, 2011) On February 23, 2011, Pakistan's Interior Minister, Rehman Malik, described a government policy on Parkistani artists and students leaving the country with scholarships to study abroad. All such persons will be required to obtain government clearance, in the form of a No Objection Certificate, issued by the Ministry, before they will be […]

Bangladesh; Pakistan: Bilateral Consultations Conducted

(Dec. 3, 2010) On November 1, 2010, Bangladesh and Pakistan conducted consultations at the foreign secretary level concerning a number of longstanding bilateral issues. The two nations established diplomatic relations in 1976. Outstanding issues between the countries include Bangladesh's demands for: an apology from Pakistan for the killing of Bangladeshis by Pakistani forces in 1971; […]

Pakistan: YouTube Banned, Other Sites Restricted

(June 29, 2010) On June 23, 2010, after being presented at a hearing with evidence of the reappearance of website content on the Prophet Muhammad and the Koran, a Pakistani court re-imposed a ban on the video-sharing network YouTube and also restricted access to Yahoo, MSN, Hotmail, Google, Islam Exposed, In the Name of Allah, […]

Pakistan: Amendment to Constitution Reduces Presidential Power

(June 15, 2010) Pakistan has amended its Constitution in a manner that shifts power from the President to the Parliament. A bill enacting the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution passed the National Assembly on April 8, 2010, and the Senate on April 15, 2010, and became law when the President signed the bill on April […]

Pakistan: Court Order Bans Access to Facebook

(May 21, 2010) Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to the Facebook website until May 31, 2010, the date on which a hearing is scheduled, and […]

Pakistan: Court Orders Confiscation of Musharraf’s Property

(May 20, 2010) On May 13, 2010, the Peshawar High Court in Pakistan dismissed an appeal, thereby upholding a lower court's verdict on the confiscation of the property of General Pervez Musharraf, a former president of the country. The decision, which opened the way for the confiscation to be implemented, came from a bench consisting […]

Pakistan: Landmark Constitutional Amendment Reverses Expanded Presidential Powers

(May 10, 2010) On April 8, 2010, Pakistan's National Assembly, in a rare unanimous vote of the 292 members present, adopted the landmark Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Bill, which has 102 clauses. Some highlights of the legislation are that it: 1) reverses expansion of presidential powers seen in recent years by transferring some of the key […]

Pakistan: Bill to Reorganize Nuclear, Space Authorities

(Nov. 17, 2009) On November 11, 2009, Azra Fazal Pechuho, chairperson the Standing Committee on Defence of Pakistan's National Assembly, proposed a bill in the National Assembly for the establishment of a National Command Authority (NCA). This authority would control the research, development, production, and use of nuclear and space technologies. It would also be […]

Pakistan: Bill to Reorganize Nuclear, Space Authorities

(Nov. 17, 2009) According to a report in the Lahore newspaper THE DAILY TIMES, on November 11, 2009, Azra Fazal Pechuho, chairperson of the Standing Committee on Defence of Pakistan's National Assembly, proposed a bill in the National Assembly for the establishment of a National Command Authority (NCA). This authority would control the research, development, […]

Pakistan: Electronic Crimes Prevention

(Mar. 6, 2009) Pakistan's Prevention of Electronic Crimes Ordinance, No. 9 of 2008, became effective on September 29, 2008. The objective of the Ordinance is to prevent any action directed against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic systems, networks, and data as well as the misuse of such systems. It provides punishments for such […]