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Nepal: Model Constitution Published, Discussions on New Constitution Underway

(June 11, 2009) It was reported that under a model constitution proposed on May 21, 2009, Nepal would have a parliamentary form of government, with a Prime Minister and a President. The territory of the new Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal would be divided into seven autonomous provinces governed by separate administrative units; the 75 […]

Nepal: Supreme Court Orders Formulation of Law Against Torture

(June 5, 2009) It was reported on May 23, 2009, that the Supreme Court of Nepal, in response to a writ petition, has ordered the government to formulate a law against torture, declaring it to be a crime. The order was issued on May 22 by the joint bench of Justices Balaram K.C. and Tahir […]

Nepal: Non-Resident Status Proposed for Nepalis Abroad

(Apr. 30, 2009) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nepal has forwarded to the Cabinet the Non-Resident Nepali (NRN) Regulations – 2065 [i.e., 2008] according to a news report dated March 23, 2009. Under the proposed Regulations, Nepali citizens who have spent more than two years abroad, for purposes of study, business, or other reasons, […]

Nepal: International Adoptions Resume with New, Stricter Rules

(Apr. 27, 2009) It was reported on March 17, 2009, that Nepal's Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare (MWCSW) is examining a list of Nepali children available for inter-country adoption, after the lifting of an 18-month ban on such adoptions. The central matching committee under the Ministry has been assigned to handle the cases […]

Nepal: Law Adopted to Counter Domestic Violence

(Apr. 24, 2009) On April 19, 2009, the Parliament of Nepal enacted a law on domestic violence. Under the Domestic Violence and Punishment Act 2065, domestic violence is defined as “physical, mental, sexual, financial as well as behavioral violence.” (Laws Enacted to Check Domestic Violence; Protect Health Institutions, Workers, REPUBLICA, Apr. 20, 2009, available at […]

Nepal: Draft Amendment to Human Organ Transplant Act Broadens Scope of Donors

(Apr. 15, 2009) The Cabinet of Nepal recently approved a bill to broaden the scope of potential kidney donors. The current Human Organ Transplant Act 1998, in order to control open trading in kidneys, limits potential donors to immediate relatives. Even though the Act was adopted in 1998, Nepal reportedly only undertook kidney transplantations in […]

Nepal: Draft Constitutions Presented

(Apr. 6, 2009) Several of Nepal's political parties represented in the Constituent Assembly have written concept papers on the new constitution and presented them to the Constitutional Committee. The papers are essentially draft constitutions and represent different ideas for how the country should be governed. The paper presented by the major opposition party, the Nepali […]

Nepal; Sri Lanka: Agreements Signed

(Mar. 11, 2009) On March 3, 2009, Sri Lanka and Nepal concluded two agreements, one to establish air service between the two nation's capital cities (Kathmandu and Colombo) and one creating a ministerial-level joint commission. The documents were signed in Nepal, during a visit by Mahinda Rajapaksa, Sri Lanka's President. The new commission is designed […]

Nepal; United Nations: Human Rights Agreement

(Mar. 2, 2009) On February 20, 2009, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal and Nepal's National Human Rights Council (NHRC) concluded an agreement on guidelines for their cooperation to promote and protect the rights of the people of that nation. The OHCHR representative in Nepal, Richard Bennett, […]

Nepal: National Human Rights Commission Threatens to Blacklist Government Agencies

(Feb. 5, 2009) It was reported on February 1, 2009, that Nepal's National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) plans to blacklist government offices for repeatedly ignoring and failing to implement the NHRC's recommendations and decisions. NHRC spokesperson Gauri Pradhan stated that “the defiant offices” will first be given a 15-day deadline to implement the recommendations, after […]