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Mexico: Supreme Court Dismisses Constitutional Challenge to Electoral Reform

(Oct. 8, 2008) It was reported on October 3, 2008, that the Supreme Court of Mexico (known as the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation) decided that it was not possible for a judicial challenge to be brought against, and for the Supreme Court to review, the content of a constitutional reform.  The Court […]

Mexico: Amendments to Rules of Procedure for Review of Unfair Trade Practices

(Oct. 7, 2008) On September 15, 2008, the Mexican Government published extensive amendments to the rules of procedure that govern the process of review to be carried out by a bi-national panel under article 1904 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The provision establishes that each Treaty Party must replace judicial review of […]

Mexico: Historic Anti-Crime Agreement Signed

(Sept. 10, 2008) Representatives of the three branches of the Mexican government, the 31 state governors, the mayor of Mexico City, labor union representatives, church representatives, business representatives, and leaders of civil organizations and the media, signed the National Security, Justice and Legality Agreement at the National Palace on August 21, 2008. The Agreement is […]

Mexico; United States: Governors Reach Agreement with ATF to Stop Cross-Border Firearms Trafficking

(Sept. 10, 2008) The Border Governors Conference, an annual gathering of the governors of border states from the United States and Mexico, and the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) recently reached an agreement aimed at stopping firearms trafficking across the U.S.-Mexico border. The governors have committed “to a Declaration of Cooperation (DOC) […]

Mexico: Judicial Reform Enacted

(July 2, 2008) President Felipe Calderón of Mexico signed a decree on June 17, 2008, enacting constitutional amendments reforming the criminal justice and public security systems; the decree was published in the federal official gazette (DIARIO OFICIAL DE LA FEDERACIÓN) on June 18. The reform adopts the adversarial process, with oral trials and simplified trial […]

Mexico; United States: Plans to Identify and Disrupt Trans-Border Weapons-Smuggling Networks

(July 2, 2008) On June 9, 2008, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Mexico Customs announced Operation Armas Cruzadas, “a major effort to identify and disrupt trans-border weapons smuggling networks between the two countries' borders through the Homeland Security Information Network (HSN) virtual weapons task force.” (News Release, ICE, ICE and Mexican Officials […]

Mexico: New Import Rules for Passengers

(June 2, 2008) According to the General Rules on Matters of Foreign Trade for 2008 that were published officially in the Mexican federal official gazette on April 30, 2008, passengers who come into the country by land, air, or sea may import up to US$3,000 in merchandise without having to use the services of a […]

Mexico: Supreme Court Upholds Gasoline and Diesel Tax

(June 2, 2008) Mexico's Supreme Court of Justice validated most of the fiscal reform package, known as the gasolinazo, “gasoline boom,” on May 12, 2008. The Court upheld the new federal tax that the public has had to pay since January 2008 when buying gasoline and diesel. The Court considered that the new federal tax […]

Mexico: Congress Passes Judicial Reform Bill

(May 2, 2008) The Mexican Senate recently passed a bill authorizing several judicial reforms, including the use of recorded telephone conversations as evidence with consent; the guarantee of the presumption of innocence; and the provision of public and oral trials. The bill also provides for the representation of suspects by qualified public defenders. Mexico's House […]

Mexico: Energy Reform Bill Submitted

(Apr. 2, 2008) President Felipe Calderón submitted an energy reform bill to the Mexican Congress on April 9, 2008. In a broadcast address to the nation, he pointed out that the object of the reform is to make the best possible use of the potential of the country's oil industry and to strengthen Petróleos Mexicanos […]