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Mexico: President Signs Law Granting Amnesty to Criminals Incarcerated for Certain Crimes

(Apr. 24, 2020) On April 22, 2020, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador signed into law a bill passed by Mexico’s Senate two days earlier granting amnesty to persons incarcerated for the commission of certain crimes provided that applicable requirements are met. These crimes include the possession of narcotics in small quantities under a number […]

Mexico: President Urges Approval of Amnesty Law Because of Coronavirus Infection Risk in Prisons

(Apr. 24, 2020) On April 15, 2020, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador urged Mexico’s Senate to pass the Amnesty Law to prevent the massive spread of the coronavirus in the country’s 17 federal and 292 state penitentiaries. The purpose of the law is to provide early release for people who have been imprisoned for […]

Mexico: Mexico City and Many Mexican States Make Wearing Masks Mandatory on Public Transit

(Apr. 17, 2020) Mexico City’s rapid transit metro, the Collective Transportation System (Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, STC) reported in a press release on April 15, 2020, that to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the wearing of masks will be mandatory to travel by metro as of April 17, 2020.  The free distribution of one million […]

Mexico: Constitutional Amendment on Tax Forgiveness Passed

(Mar. 26, 2020) On February 25, 2020, Mexico’s Congress passed a constitutional amendment generally prohibiting tax forgiveness except in a limited number of cases determined by statutory law. Background Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador proposed this amendment in 2019, arguing that tax forgiveness powers had been exercised excessively and baselessly by previous administrations. Specifically, […]

Mexico: Importation of Electronic Cigarettes Banned

(Mar. 19, 2020) On February 19, 2020, Mexico’s president issued an executive order (EO) banning the importation of electronic cigarettes, which have been brought into Mexico from abroad in large quantities. The preamble of the EO explains that it was issued in accordance with article 131 of the Mexican Constitution, which provides that the president […]

Mexico: OAS International Forum on Prisons Spurs Mexican Reform Bills

(Mar. 12, 2020) On February 6, 2020, the Organization of American States (OAS) released a statement summarizing the results of a Meeting of Officials Responsible for the Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the Americas, an OAS working group tasked with the formulation of measures aimed at improving prison systems. Mexico attended the meeting, along with […]

Mexico: President López Obrador Endorses Proposed Judicial Branch Reform

(Feb. 27, 2020) On February 12, 2020, the president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, endorsed a draft bill to reform the judiciary. The bill had been drafted by Arturo Zaldívar, chief justice of the Mexican Supreme Court, but the president will submit the bill to the Mexican Congress because the chief justice is not […]

Mexico: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutional Right of People with Intellectual Disabilities to Marry

(Feb. 18, 2020) On January 30, 2020, the Supreme Court of Mexico declared unconstitutional the provisions in the Civil Code of the State of Guanajuato that expressly prohibit persons with intellectual disabilities from marrying. The National Human Rights Commission filed an action before the Court at the end of 2018 arguing that article 503, section […]

Mexico-US: Agreement on Patents Signed

(Feb. 6, 2020) On January 28, 2020, Mexico’s Institute of Industrial Property (Instituto Mexicano de la Propiedad Industrial, IMPI) announced that it had reached an agreement with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) aimed at expediting the approval of patents in Mexico for individuals and companies that are already in possession of a […]

Mexico: Inter-American Convention Against All Forms of Discrimination and Intolerance Ratified

(Jan. 30, 2020) On January 27, 2020, Mexico’s government announced that it had ratified the Inter-American Convention Against All Forms of Discrimination and Intolerance by depositing the pertinent instrument of ratification at the Organization of American States (OAS) (the Convention’s sponsoring body). In accordance with the provisions of the Convention, Mexico’s ratification as the second […]