Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Japan: Employers Obligated to Employ More People with Disabilities, Including People with Developmental Disorders

(May 22, 2018) The 2013 amendment (Act No. 46 of 2013, House of Representatives website (in Japanese)) to an employment law aimed at ensuring more disabled people are employed (Act on Promotion of Employment of the Disabled, Act No. 123 of 1960, as amended, Japan e-Gov website (in Japanese) took effect in Japan on April […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Reversal of Order to Return Children with Dual Citizenship

(Jan. 12, 2018) On December 21, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court affirmed a High Court decision that reversed a previous order for the mother of four children with dual Japan-US citizenship to return the children to their father in the United States. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (kyo) 9 (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese; click characters […]

Japan: Supreme Court Says Pretense of Being Deceived Did Not Affect Responsibility for Attempted Fraud

(Jan. 11, 2018) On December 11, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court rendered a decision in a fraud case in which the victim cooperated with the police investigation after she realized the fraud had occurred. (Sup. Ct., Case No. 2017 (a) 1079 (Dec. 11, 2017) (click characters beside PDF icon at the bottom) (in Japanese).) In this […]

Japan: Supreme Court Dismisses Appeal Concerning Noises from Daycare

(Jan. 8, 2018) On December 19, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court dismissed an appeal by a man who had complained about noises from a daycare center for preschool-age children. (Gen Okamoto, “Noisy” Voices of Children Playing at Daycare, Loss of Lawsuit by Man Affirmed, ASAHI SHIMBUN (Dec. 21, 2017) (in Japanese) (it appears that the decision […]

Japan: Supreme Court Affirms Extraterritoriality of Antimonopoly Act

(Dec. 19, 2017) On December 12, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that the national Fair Trade Commission (FTC) can impose surcharges on firms that join cartels established overseas if the cartels impair the free competition of the Japanese market.  (Sup. Ct., Dec. 12, 2017, 2016 (Gyo-hi) No. 233, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese).) Japan’s […]

Japan: Supreme Court Rules Obligatory Contracts with Public Broadcasting Corporation for Reception Equipment Are Constitutional

(Dec. 13, 2017) In a decision issued on December 6, 2017, Japan’s Supreme Court ruled that a provision obligating persons who have installed such broadcast-reception equipment as televisions to conclude a contract with Japan’s public broadcasting corporation is constitutional.  (Sup. Ct. Dec. 6, 2017, 2014 (o) 1130, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese) (click on […]

Japan: Supreme Court Reverses View on Whether Obscene Intent Necessary for Crime of Forcible Indecency

(Dec. 5, 2017) On November 29, 2017, the Supreme Court of Japan reversed a nearly five-decade-old precedent, stating that no obscene intent is necessary for the crime of forcible indecency.  (Saiko Saibansho [Sup. Ct.] Nov. 29, 2017, Case No. 2016 (a) 1731, Courts in Japan website (in Japanese) (click on the two characters beside PDF […]

Japan: Judges Cannot Engage in Apartment-Leasing Business

(Nov. 2, 2017) Japanese judges cannot engage in for-profit businesses. They may engage in not-for-profit businesses and receive remuneration if they obtain permission from the Supreme Court.  (Court Act, Act No. 59 of 1947, art. 52, Japanese Law Translation website.)  There are similar regulations for civil servants.  (National Public Service Act, Act No. 120 of […]

Japan: Reporting Requirements for Adviser/Consultant Positions for Retired CEOs

(Oct. 17, 2017) In August 2017 the Tokyo Stock Exchange revised its instructions for the Report on Corporate Governance that it requires listed companies to prepare. The revised instructions have a section on the status of former chief executive officers (CEOs).  If some of them retain positions in the company, such as advisor or consultant, […]

Japan: Doctors Punished for Unauthorized Cord Blood Treatments

(Oct. 5, 2017) On September 22, 2017, two doctors in Japan were punished with a fine of one million yen (about US$9,000), based on the Act on the Safety of Regenerative Medicine, for having transplanted the umbilical cord blood of one person to another without prior submission of a treatment plan to the Ministry of […]