Library of Congress

Law Library of Congress

The Library of Congress > Law Library > News & Events > Global Legal Monitor

Iran: Production, Distribution, and Sale of Obscene Computer Content Are Punishable

(Aug. 31, 2009) The Islamic House of Representatives introduced certain amendments to the Computer-Generated Crimes Bill in compliance with objections to the bill raised by the Guardian Council. The principal article providing for punishment of those involved in illicit activities related to computer-generated obscene materials received final approval of the House. It states: Every person […]

Iran: Chief of Judiciary Warns Against Rising Cost of Compensation

(Aug. 28, 2009) It was reported on August 25, 2009, that the head of Iran's judiciary had warned judges against the rising cost to the state treasury of the Iranian system of compensation (Diah). Article 294 of the Islamic Criminal Law of Iran has defined Diah as “the property given to the victim of the […]

Iran: Further Developments Regarding Discontinuation of Punishment of Stoning to Death

(Aug. 6, 2009) The Islamic Republic of Iran is considering abolition of the punishment of stoning to death (rajm) from the Islamic Criminal Code of December 1991. The announcement by Ali Shahrokhi, Chairman of the Judiciary and Legal Committee of the Islamic House of Representatives, was reported on June 26, 2009. Shahrokhi said the bill […]

Iran: Woman Hanged for Murder Committed at Age 17

(June 22, 2009) It was recently reported in an Iranian newspaper that a young woman, now 23 years old, was hanged for a murder she had committed as a teenager. Del A'ara, at the age of 17, was accused of having murdered, with the help of a boyfriend, a wealthy 65-year-old woman who was a […]

Iran: Man Sentenced to Be Stoned to Death for Adultery

(June 22, 2009) It was reported on May 8, 2009, that a 30-year-old man was sentenced to be stoned to death in Iran on the charge of adultery. Under Islamic law, expression of repentance by a person who has been convicted of committing adultery absolves the person from execution. In the case involving the 30-year-old […]

Iran: Accused Murderer Saved from Execution by Taking Oaths

(June 19, 2009) Application of an Islamic criminal justice principle by the Supreme Court of Iran saved the life of a man accused of murder. (Arts. 239-256, Islamic Criminal Law of the Islamic Republic of Iran, MAJMUAH'I KAMILI QAVANIN VA MUQAR RAR'ARTI JAZA'I [Complete Compilation of Criminal Laws] 1381 (Tehran, 2002).) This principle is known […]

Iran: Council of Ministers Approves Lowering Voting Age

(June 12, 2009) With the purpose of extending the opportunity for young people to participate more effectively in presidential elections, the Council of Ministers of Iran approved a decree reducing the voting age from 18 to 15. The brief mention of the decree appeared in HAMSHAHRI NEWSPAPER on April 22, 2009. (Voting Age Reduced from […]

Iran: Supreme Court Upholds Retaliation Punishment

(May 18, 2009) The Supreme Court turned down the appeal of a man who by throwing acid into the eyes of a woman turned her blind. The 27-year old, Majid, whose insistence on marrying the woman, Ameneh, failed to win her positive response, decided to deprive her of her sight by throwing acid into her […]

Iran: New Women’s Inheritance Law Is Enforced

(May 15, 2009) The Iranian government has begun implementing controversial legislation that allows women to inherit all forms of their husband's property. According to Article 946 of the Civil Code of Iran, which is based on Islamic law, the “[h]usband inherits all the property of the deceased wife, but the wife of a deceased husband […]

Iran: Bill on Trial of War Criminals

(May 15, 2009) The Iranian government's cabinet approved a bill to launch investigations into alleged war crimes and prosecute war criminals in any part of the world. The bill will be sent to the House for ratification. The bill will become a law after an endorsement by the Guardian Council. The measure was taken following […]